Maybach Landaulet InDepth Look | eMercedesBenz

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Maybach Landaulet In-Depth

The Maybach Landaulet tradition at AG harks back to the days of Daimler and Carl Benz

by Clark | 21 February 2011

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The combination of and modernity embodied in the Maybach study, makes this a unique vehicle of its time. The unusual body shape defines the car as something quite out of the But the unique combination of the fold-back at the rear and a solid roof over the front seats reflects the fine appreciation of and values that is the hallmark of the Cars approach.

The body of the harks back to the early of automotive history. Just a few after the invention of the automobile by Daimler and Carl Benz in – working independently of each – both companies had large of landaulets on the roads. The Mercedes-Benz created in 1926 took up the and over the years landaulets on a range of model were both in normal production and by prestigious bodybuilders. The last variant available as a production car was the 600 (W 100 series) from 1965 1981. The company’s in-house vehicle manufacturing workshops built three different for the Vatican in the second half of the century.

Distinctive folding top

The is one of the true aristocrats among body designs, and indeed its go back to the days of the coachbuilder’s Its hallmark is a “rigid, closed compartment with a folding top,” according to the Mercedes-Benz What this means in is a folding convertible top over the seats, adjacent to a rigid top or partition. Depending on the variant, the might be out in the open, or – as is usual in bodies of this type – in his own after the style of a limousine.

In any event, the choice between or open-top travel is only to the passengers in the rear. The qualities of the as the perfect car for public figures are evident when the opulent is swung back, focusing eye on the occupants in the rear, and converting the into a stylish and elegant for public appearances. This is why with this unique design are used almost by dignitaries and VIPs. And of course the can always be closed again, as from the weather or prying

Maybach Landaulet study

The Landaulet study was created in to requests from Maybach who still feel the thrill of vehicles from the days of equipped coaches driving the streets. The car is based on the Maybach 62 S. The and roof arches remain in when the top is pushed back, the luxury limousine’s distinctive along with the generously-dimensioned stylish interior compartment and arrangements.

When the roof is the convertible top is stretched over the frame, providing a tight against wind and weather. On the to open the passenger compartment, the merely has to press a control on the console, and the structure, together the rear window, folds down onto the parcel without any significant loss of space. The opening and closing of the top is an efficient but unhurried process, a smoothly choreographed dance, around 20 seconds to complete. The compartment remains easily even with the roof And the driver can cover the retracted top a stylish leather tarpaulin, the mechanism and restoring the smooth and contours of the vehicle.

Historical Maybach landaulets

In the there were landaulet of several Maybach luxury In line with normal at the time, the body fitted to the could be designed according to the individual requirements. The most models with landaulet were the twelve-cylinder Maybach 12, Zeppelin DS7 and Maybach Zeppelin The combination of letters and numerals for the Zeppelin models stood for the V12 (double-six, = DS) and the displacement. The Zeppelin built in 1930 and 1931, had a 150 hp kW) engine with displacement of cubic centimeters, while its produced from 1931 to generated 200 hp (147 kW) from a cubic centimeter engine.

Nor was the of Maybach landaulet aficionados to statesmen and captains of industry. were others for whom a high public profile was a necessity, and an automobile that put its occupants on show like in a display case simply by the roof back was clearly for the purpose. For example, in 1930 the family commissioned the Erdmann bodybuilders’ firm to build a DS7, specifying a burgundy-colored body, as a management vehicle for the Krone circus. This car with its long folding top is now on at the Sinsheim Auto and Technology

Also featured in the Sinsheim is a 1938 landaulet version of the DS8 with a top speed of 160 km/h. body, with a short top, was made by Hermann in Ravensburg. Spohn was the regular for Maybach, located just kilometers away in Friedrichshafen.

in coach-building

The body form of the or “half-landau” as it is sometimes known, much to the construction of horse-drawn The landau (or sometimes “Landauer” in was an open coach, probably after the town of Landau in the region of Germany. The passengers sat each other, and could be by two half-roof sections, pulled them from either end of the when required. The coachman sat on a box well away from the compartment. The landaulet structure in that it only had the rear covering. And depending on the design, the compartment in front of the passenger could have a rigid a glass top or a front windshield.

At the end of the century the customary distinction in construction between the landau and was carried over into design, with Daimler and both initially making with landaulet and landau

Maybach DS7 Zeppelin

Glory days of the landaulet

But were to prove that the landaulet had a viable future in the age of the One of the reasons was clearly that as increased, passengers became reluctant to sit with their to the direction of travel. The landaulet emerged as the accepted form, and increasingly popular with But during the heyday of landaulet in the first half of the 20th there was still no consistent or design.

One of the major points of difference was in the of the driver’s seat. The box-seat of the belt-driven landaulet of 1896 for use as a left the driver completely In comparison, a 25/45 hp Benz from 1910 offered the a windshield and a rigid roof, but no or side windows. Side – but still no windows – were in the 8/20 hp Benz of 1912.

landaulet models reversed the of leaving the chauffeur out in the open – the was now protected by a windshield on all sides, as in a but the folding convertible top over the seats continued to offer for the passengers. This more form of the landaulet was used in models such as the 15/70/100 hp 400 Pullman landaulet from the 1920s, and also in the landaulet based on the Mercedes-Benz 260 D from

Landaulet as a taxicab

Al fresco proved particularly attractive to customers – as indicated by the large of taxicabs supplied with a body. In fact a landaulet the world’s very first when a Stuttgart-based haulage and operator, Friedrich August ordered a Victoria landaulet a taximeter from Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft under order no. 1329. The was duly delivered in May 1897, and the first motorized taxi into service in June, the required permit had been from the police. The vehicle its owner the small fortune of Mark. Included in that were the landaulet half-convertible two dash leather coverings, gear and solid rubber

In the following decades both and Benz, and from 1926 supplied taxis based on distinctive body design. The hp Benz was actually marketed 1913 to 1914 solely as a landaulet. In this period the became just as popular taxi passengers as with However the design was never in demand for private automobiles for use. In his reference work “The modern automobile and its and repair” and published in 1921, Max wrote: “The advantages of and closed-top vehicles are to some combined in the landaulet which can be as either. Because of the ability to the body structure according to the this body design is above all with taxi and probably for this reason it is popular for private cars, its undeniable advantages.” This is taken from the section mainly with taxis and cars of the traditional kind. The landaulet”, in contrast, is classified a separate category specifically for cars.

Evolution of an elite design

The folding convertible top as a luxury variation on the automobile was by authors Ernst Misol and Klaiber in 1913 in their entitled “What do I need to about my car, and how should I it to comply with the authorities’ Misol and Klaiber emphasized the of different body styles for purposes: “A luxury car used in city traffic should have a fully enclosed i.e. the limousine design. But for journeys outside city preference is to be given to the landaulet its retractable top at the rear.”

Owners of luxury landaulet in the pre-World War I period included Wilhelm II. The emperor’s first of this type was a 39/75 hp chain-driven landaulet, which he as a traveling car. This was in 1911 by a 38/70 hp Mercedes for the same purpose. The emperor chose a 28/60 hp Mercedes as a city car in 1913. And during a by the heir to the Romanian throne in the monarch and his guest were through the streets in a 26/65 hp landaulet.

Following the end of the imperial in 1938 Mercedes-Benz presented von Hindenburg with a 12/55 hp 300 six-seater landaulet: Hindenburg had elected as President of the Weimar in 1925, as the successor to Friedrich

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