World Sky Race

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Maybach W1

The Maybach Motors

A Long Relationship with Zeppelins

by: Provan, PhD.

In the very of Zeppelin construction, the engineers had to on motors which were for the automobile, not for aviation. These tended to weight too much in to their horsepower, the weight-horsepower was simply not conducive for lighter-than-air. was the most critical factor for the airship, since a Zeppelin was too heavy, would simply not fly or at did not steer very well. On the hand, the airship required powerful enough, that withstand a strong headwind, operating for long periods and at altitudes with the resulting air. The problem of power can be seen as a factor in many of the Zeppelin accidents.

After the crash of LZ 4 in Echterdingen, on 4, 1908, Karl Maybach, an engine for airship use and he presented plans to Count Zeppelin. The from Daimler had 85 hp with a ratio of 5 Kilogram per hp, while Maybach’s motor had 150 hp, with a ratio of only 3 Kilogram per hp. In words, double the horsepower only 25 Kilograms more This new engine also considerably less fuel, 225 gram per horsepower hour. The realized the potential and together formed the Luftfahrtzeug Motorenbau in Bissingen on March 23, 1909.

Within six months of development the Maybach engine was operational and test expectations. LZ 6 was the first in which this new power the AZ motor, was installed in 1909. sceptical if its performance would up under flight conditions, the new was installed in the forward gondol, two Daimler engines were in the rear. At the same time, a new drive mechanism was used the proven chain drive was in the rear. Although vibrations and arose, Count Zeppelin had no to consider repairs, since the Kaiser Franz Josef had promised a flight, onboard the new During the flight of 12 June the engine failed, not due to design rather the transmission shaft In 1911, the new LZ-10 Schwaben was with three Maybach

On February 8, 1912, the company to Friedrichshafen and changed its name to G.m.b.H.. It was here, that the famous airship engine was and produced, the Mb IVa; a design could be found on numerous and even airplanes of the period. Motors were also in the wooden rigid airships of Dr. or the semi-rigid airships of Maj. and non-rigid (blimps) built by In fact, before the First War began, these engines their way into Japanese, and Italian airships. Even the war, these engines their was into a variety of pieces of equipment, such as in boats built by the Lurssen Co. to remove mines off the shores of

Belgium and Holland. Later motors would be used in speed boat designs, as Oheka II, Charming Polly, and Dawn II.

The success of this engine, in airships and aviation, was due in large to extensive testing which at a test facility atop the Mountain. This site was not only because of its height, of meter, but it also offered a rail connection, which for easy movement of the heavy

The Mb IVa motor had 240 hp with a weight of 1.5 Kilogram per hp, and over 1,000 motors were built. By the Maybach Co. had between 2,500 and employees.

Maybach produced the following motors:

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