1961 to 1968 MercedesBenz 110 series

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Mercedes-Benz A 200 AT Special Series

Mercedes-Benz 110 series (1961 to

First safety passenger with crumple zones

The variant is forerunner of the station

Mercedes-Benz launches its tailfin six-cylinder engine in 1959

the small Tailfin

For the luxury of Mercedes-Benz, the tailfin age had already in 1959 with the 220, 220 S and 220 SE of the 111 series. This new body with its cheeky take on the motif of American car designs, conquered the intermediate class in 1961. At first Mercedes-Benz two four-cylinder models, the 190 and 190 D of the 110 series. superseded the Ponton models the same designations.

The modular of the shared body was applied particular thoroughness by Mercedes-Benz in the and large versions of the tailfin The difference in wheelbase – 17 centimetres in the –was now reduced to all of five (2.70 metres in the W 110 and 2.75 in the W 111). Upper mid-range and class vehicles were by the look of their front From the windscreen to the rear however, both model shared a body in which trim elements made for Along with this identical body, the two model were linked by their suspension.

Joint development

The of the shared body to Mercedes-Benz mainly of an economic nature, it permitted cost reduction for production and stocking of spare Moreover, owing to the largely body, the driver of an intermediate model could appreciate the benefits of the spaciousness of the interior and But an even stronger assimilation the two model series also drawbacks: On the one hand, the four-cylinder were 23 centimetres longer than the predecessor models, the fact that parking was already getting scarce and for more compact mid-size On the other, many a luxury customer wished for greater from the models of the smaller

But on closer inspection it really was not to confuse the two model series: features of the 190 included round a shorter front end, and indicators that had been from the Ponton models and sat on the ends of the front and rear Connoisseurs also immediately the disappearance of familiar items the six-cylinders, such as the breathers in the including the trim elements accompanied them, and the chrome above the front bumper.

The of the new 190 model also borrowed from the 220: the front and suspension and the brake system adopted unchanged from the big The frame-floor system also from the six-cylinder models and was to the shorter front end of the four-cylinder and its wheelbase. And together with the 220 the 190 and 190 D got a brake system with booster and front disc in August 1963.

Two-litre in the 190 D

The new diesel model 190 D actually have been called the 200 D. Its OM 621 III engine had the cylinder bore to give it just about ten centimetres more displacement its predecessor. It also featured a camshaft and retuned injection along with an optimised manifold. Owing to these the engine now developed 40 kW (55 hp) – 3.7 kW (5 hp) more its predecessor.

The Mercedes-Benz engineers did less on the petrol engine of the sister It continued to produce 59 kW (80 hp), but ran smoothly. From August onwards the Stuttgart company the 190 with a four-speed automatic developed in-house as an optional as of July 1963 this was also available for the diesel For both cars the additional for the comfortable extra was DM 1400 – the as for the six-cylinder models.

1965: from the shared body

In 1965 Mercedes-Benz introduced the new class models of the 108 series. marked the beginning of the end of the shared concept, which had been one of the characteristics of the saloons of two car generations. with the debut of the S-Class Daimler-Benz also presented the two models in improved form and new model designations. The 200 and 200 D succeeded the which had been in production for years.

There were minor changes to the body: direction indicators, for example, and and fog lamps underneath the headlamps – the indicators on the wings disappeared. The old made way for trapezoidal and slightly angular lamp units. The included the breathers and trim in the C-pillars, familiar features the six-cylinder models. At the rear, the mouldings of the fins were instead there was now a continuous strip terminating the boot lid and a underneath each tail unit.

1965: First six-cylinder in the tailfin

In addition to the 200 and 200 D models, also presented the new 230 model. 110 series saloon externally the four-cylinder cars. But under its purred the 2.3-litre six-cylinder of the 230 S class model. For use in the intermediate the M 180 VI in-line six-cylinder was initially to 77 kW (105 hp) by combining it with the of the two-litre M 121 B XI engine. From 1966 onward the

Mercedes-Benz 230 even got the unchanged engine of the 230 S with an output of 88 kW (120 This increased its top speed to 175 (previously 168 km/h); 0 to 100 km/h improved from 14 seconds to 13

The Mercedes-Benz 200, created the revised 190 model, could holds its own in terms of performance. Its featured several technical (as did the four-cylinder diesel). The displacement of the petrol engine grew to two through enlargement of the cylinder At the same time the compression increased and not one but two downdraught carburettors used. The output thus by an impressive 11 kW (15 hp) to 70 kW (95 hp). This now the 200 a top speed of 161 km/h and a 0 to 100 km/h of 15 seconds. For the 190 model the corresponding were 150 km/h and 18 seconds. The was now supported by five bearings to the smoothness. The diesel variant profited from this The performance of the 40 kW (55 hp) 200 D model, however, did not from that of its predecessor speed 130 km/h, 29 seconds 0 to 100 km/h).

First station wagon Mercedes-Benz

As was tradition with the models of the upper mid-range Mercedes-Benz also delivered 110 models as partially bodied to bodybuilders in and outside Germany. But the tailfin also was modified by the people themselves: at the Brussels Show in January 1965 the premiered the Mercedes-Benz 190 D Universal, a wagon variant built by the firm IMA. This of the 190 D model was sold by

Mercedes-Benz as a version through its own dealer The Universal was thus the forerunner of the station wagon, which was not as a body variant until the of the 123 series.

The revision and supplementation of the car range by Mercedes-Benz also had an on the IMA range. The Belgians finally four variations of their wagon: apart from the 200 D model, as a logical successor to the 190 D there were now also wagon versions of the 200, 230 and 230 S So Mercedes-Benz now not only offered a station wagon with six in the guise of the upper mid-range but even on the basis of the luxury series, 111. With its front end and the typical face of the saloons, with vertical headlamps and ample chrome this 1966 variant is a representative ancestor of subsequent station wagons. All four were sold in Germany August 1966 to the end of 1967 the Daimler-Benz sales organisation.

Long-wheelbase chassis

The new Universal had 15-inch wheels, a changed axle ratio, reinforced and a newly developed hydropneumatic spring as basic equipment. All on which the special versions of manufacturers were based profited from these In particular, the ambulance bodies of in Lorch and Miesen in Bonn great popularity.

A particularly degree of flexibility was ensured by the of long-wheelbase chassis versions of all models, from 200 D to 230, Mercedes-Benz included in its line-up. The grew by 40 centimetres to 3.10 It provided the preferred basis for and hearses.

Even more was offered from April on by a 200 D-based saloon with metre wheelbase. This could seat seven along with chauffeur. special versions of the economical saloon were requested in by a great many taxi and car operators abroad. But airlines, and government authorities also the eight-seater.

Production of the last models ceased in February after the technically and stylistically redeveloped Stroke 8 models had hit the in January. During six-and-a-half of production, a total of 622,453 and 5,859 partially bodied were manufactured at the Sindelfingen

Name change: When the 200 (W 110 series) came onto the in 1965, the diesel variant of the was renamed the 200 D in keeping with its

Economy on four wheels: A Mercedes-Benz 200 D.

Old streetlamp, new saloon: A from the Mercedes-Benz W 110 series to 1968).

American flair: The Tailfin by Mercedes-Benz (190 c came onto the market in and initially had its rear-view mirror on the front wing.

In the countryside: from the tailfin W 110 series to 1968).

Idyll with Advertising photo of a saloon of the W 110 series (1961 to 1968).

The first estate cars by Mercedes-Benz as production vehicles the name Universal. The special (the pictures shows a 190 Dc Universal) were built 1965at IMA in Belgium.

Dignity for last journey: Hearse by Rappold on a Mercedes-Benz 1965 W 110 chassis.


Modern shape for services: Mercedes-Benz 200 D ambulance from 1965. The Binz provided the body.

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