19821993 MercedesBenz W 201 Series

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Mercedes-Benz A II 200 136 Hp

(from Mercedes-Benz Press Model history: The Mercedes-Benz W 201 (1982 — 1993)

A Mercedes-Benz below the long-established series


— Brilliant achievement: No compromises in safety, comfort and space

— independent rear suspension new standards in chassis technology

the 190 was first presented in December it didn’t look particularly Yet the Mercedes-Benz mid-size sedan, within the company as the “compact and positioned below the E-Class, and SL-Class, became a milestone for the development of the Mercedes-Benz model Its strong, clear lines its product claim as a genuine an embodiment of progress, about to out into a new car category.

With its defined wedge shape and chiseled light-catching contours, was nothing reticent about the new series, proudly taking its in the Mercedes family. The man responsible for the linear design was Bruno The first models in the W 201 series the 190 and 190 E which quickly became a success and role models. As as providing the basis for subsequent generations, the 190 sedan, known as the Baby Benz, also the first shot in Mercedes-Benz’s drive.

The Mercedes-Benz compact – or C-Class as it became known as the subsequent W 202 series, according to the introduced at the time – clearly to replicate the virtues of its bigger in terms of handling, passive and reliability. Along with its size, the new Mercedes-Benz was also and very economical.

To reduce consumption, the Mercedes engineers the aerodynamics of the body and also high-strength sheet steel and innovative materials to reduce the of the car. As a result, the 190 weighed 1180 kilograms, without any in passive safety. One of the features passive safety commensurate the S-Class sedans was the forked-member of the front end. This taken from the S-Class the 126 series, ensured that the 190 met the requirement for an asymmetrical frontal at 55 km/h with 40 percent

New standards set by the multi-link independent suspension

The 190 also had a revolutionary new design, developed specifically for the new which proved a great The main feature was the multi-link rear suspension. Each of the wheels was located by five links for optimum wheel with lateral and longitudinal effectively balanced in all driving This improved steering and ensured very well-behaved characteristics. The new rear axle was also lighter and more than its predecessors. The front featured shock-absorber struts by individual triangular wishbones and control. This gave the W 201 straight-line stability, and being a flat structure it also a lot of space under the hood.

chassis innovations delivered benefits only once the car was on the but there were some surprises in store for Mercedes used to the S-Class and mid-series as as they entered the car. of having a foot-operated parking as used in all Mercedes passenger made in Stuttgart from the W 201 model series had a conventional brake, operated by means of a between the front seats. The saw this as a way of saving space in the well, and in any event, little was required for applying the parking in the compact class car because of the lighter weight.

The 190 was built in Sindelfingen and Bremen. began in Sindelfingen, with the line in the Bremen factory up later, in November 1983. The had had to be modernized for production of the Mercedes-Benz class in a long and expensive The mid-series station wagon (S had been manufactured in Bremen early 1978.

Production of the new class was organized as a joint between the two locations – the first in the company’s history that an arrangement was used to this One of the routine requirements for this at a distance of several hundred was the exchange of body components. For Bremen produced the engine floor assemblies, fuel and doors, while all other metal components came Sindelfingen. Along with interchange of components between the two engines, transmissions, and axles shipped to both plants Untertьrkheim, and the steering gear were sourced from

Start of production with the 190 and 190 E

started production of the 190 and 190 E models in the 190 D and 190 E 2.3-16 followed in 1983 and respectively. The first two models, gasoline-powered, were fitted four-cylinder engines with a of 1997 cubic centimeters, 66 kW and 90 kW, respectively. The units from the M 102 of engines were based on the used in the Mercedes-Benz 200 (W 123) in 1980. For the 190, engine was trimmed back from 80 kW to 66 kW by the size of the intake and exhaust and fitting a modified camshaft and valves. At 90 kW, the engine of the 190 E delivered more power thanks to injection. This was the first the Mercedes-Benz engineers used the electronically-controlled Bosch KE-Jetronic system, giving the compact 190 E a top of up to 195 km/h, and “Mercedes-style spiritedness,” as the brochure put it.

Just one year the 190 D came along with a newly developed four-cylinder engine with a displacement of cubic centimetres – a configuration intrigued people. With its encapsulation, this engine the ground for state-of-the-art diesel in Mercedes-Benz passenger cars. as the “whisper diesel,” the engine only half the noise of power plants. The new diesel, also had a respectable power of 53 kW and low fuel consumption, proved to be a successful innovation and was soon in demand. A total of 452,806 of the 190 D were built over the ten it remained in production.

In 1984 the new 190 E made its debut at the top end of the model Even in appearance, the new model was different, with a clear as a compact sports car highlighted by such as the wing-type spoiler at the For the engine, the company’s engineers back to the W 123 series. The four-cylinder with 2299-cc displacement as in the 190 E 2.3-16 had a newly designed head with two intake and two valves. These and other boosted engine power 100 kW to 136 kW, with acceleration from to 100 km/h in just 7.5 seconds. The top speed was 230 km/h.

World long-distance records in

The 190 E 2.3-16 had been able to what it could do as early as in the year of its presentation at the Frankfurt Motor Show. Four before the launch, three of the model had set several world records over 25,000 25,000 miles, and 50,000 with average speeds of 250 km/h, in Nardo, southern These results were a of the 190’s subsequent career as a car. The new Mercedes-Benz racing car its debut in the official opening on the new Nьrburgring on May 12, 1984. The road-going of the 16-valve model went production in September 1984, in two finishes: blue black and silver.

Two more compact models came in 1983 for to North America only. US versions were the diesel-engined 190 D 2.2 and 190 E 2.3. For the diesel version, the volume was increased to 2197 centimetres by lengthening the …. compensated for the loss in power from the fitting of an exhaust gas (EGR) system. This was essential for a car exported to the US, particularly in of the stringent emission limits in The modified diesel engine 54 kW, practically the same as in the standard

The closed-loop emission control initially made the gasoline-engined

190 E 2.3 less powerful than the 230 E (W The rating of 83 kW instead of 100 kW put the larger-displacement version even below the 190 E. This problem was solved in with a modified intake a redesigned camshaft and a newly injection system. The 190 E 2.3 now delivered 90 kW, on a par the two-liter model.

The 190’s with carburetor had its performance just two years after launched into the market. The version was replaced with an without any performance restrictions, and the design engineers also the compression ratio. The basic of the series, internally known as the now delivered 77 kW, an increase of 11 kW. The more exhaust silencers were the thing that prevented the from matching the output of its W 123

The refinement package for the 190 and 190 E included drive, hydraulic valve compensation and hydraulic engine At the time of the market launch of the new W 124 series in January 1985, the of the compact class were by the addition of new wheels (diameter: centimetres), electrically heated wiper nozzles and an eccentric-sweep wiper with a significantly swept area. From 1985, power steering and heated exterior mirrors fitted as standard on all models. But as as introducing technical improvements to the class, the arrival of the mid-series W 124 changed perceptions of the 190. The had previously been stylistically distinct from the profile of Mercedes-Benz models, but the introduction of the W 124 features consistent with the profile made it quite that the compact model had become the trendsetter for a new design of Mercedes-Benz cars.

Mercedes-Benz added two new models to the in 1985, starting with the 190 D a sedan powered by the five-cylinder engine from the 250 D, with a of 2497 cubic centimetres and of 66 kW. As well as providing the same fuel economy as the 190 D, the compact also had impressive performance and a top of 174 km/h.

Six-cylinder engines new qualities

The follow-up to the five-cylinder engine came in the fall of when Mercedes-Benz actually a six-cylinder in-line engine in the The 190 E 2.6 was displayed at the Frankfurt International Show in September of that In combination with a five-speed transmission, the 2566-cc engine 122 kW and accelerated the car from standstill to 100 in just 8.2 seconds. The top speed was 215 Visitors to the motor show impressed by the design skills to fit a large six-cylinder engine the limited space available the hood of the 190. The Mercedes-Benz had come up with a masterpiece of automotive packaging. The external of the higher power of the 190 E 2.6 were exhaust pipes and the deeper and steeply angled front with wider louvers. a few weeks after the 190 E 2.6 had made its the 500,000th 190 rolled off the assembly The new model with gasoline engine had not yet contributed to this Production of the 190 E 2.6 started in April and the new model was finally launched the market in October 1986, with the 190 E 2.3. The main between this variant of the W 201 and the version of the same name was the engine with normal ratio and a power output of 100 kW.

that time, all gasoline-engined were available with the of a closed-loop emission control with a three-way catalytic except for the 190 with carburetor. As an option, Mercedes-Benz also cars which were for retrofitting, with a multi-functional preparation and ignition system, but catalytic converter or lambda Older cars could easily be retrofitted with the catalytic converter. These gave vehicle owners the to decide when to switch to a emission control system. September 1986, the carburetor was also available with an control system, and the closed-loop converter became standard on all gasoline-engined Mercedes-Benz passenger car Cars prepared for retrofitting still available on request August 1989, at a lower than the equivalent version catalytic converter.

A sprightly makes its debut

In 1987, the class continued on its course diesel cars with performance. In September of that Mercedes-Benz presented the 190 D 2.5 Turbo at the International Motor Show. The was a 90-kW five-cylinder turbodiesel unit, derived from the naturally aspirated engine. The turbocharger boosted power by 24 kW, in a top speed of 192 km/h and acceleration standstill to 100 km/h in 11.5 The visual trademark of the new model, to the USA from as early as fall was the six louvers in the front right between direction indicator and cut-out. These were not a feature with martial but were vital in supplying the with the amount of air it required. difference between the turbodiesel and its model with naturally engine was the twin-pipe rear

The one-millionth W 201 rolled off the assembly in Bremenin March 1988. By the compact class had established as Mercedes-Benz’s third major series. The company also revised the 190 in 1988. The refined class was unveiled at the Paris Show in September 1988, six after the presentation of the first The main focus was on the restyling of the and the new-look interior. The most feature of the refined models was the side strips with side skirt paneling, to those in the coupes from the 124 series.

The front and rear reached further down and combined with larger with new support elements and impact absorbers designed for energy absorption. The new front had been adopted from the 190 E 2.6 and was now on all models to reduce the lift at the axle. The purpose of new spoiler at the was to optimize the airflow outflow. The package also included the exterior mirror as part of the equipment. The new interior design the 190 more spacious and more for both driver and occupants, more knee and head in the rear and improved seats at front and rear.

Simultaneously the refinement, Mercedes-Benz also its new top-of-range model for the compact the 190 E 2.5-16, replacing the first engine with a 2.3-liter after four years. The was actually based on its predecessor, from a longer …. The new with catalytic converter, 143 kW – 18 kW more than its predecessor. with the catalytic converter, the of the new model matched the 190 E 2.3-16 emission control system. The new model was also identified as a of the Nardo record car by its visual Two new paint finishes were now complementing the blue black and silver finishes by the addition of the finishes almandine red and astral

The 190 E 2.5-16 as a racing car

The 190 E 2.5-16 became the basis for the sports entered in Group A of the German Car Championship (DTM). The type-approved model was the Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.5-16 with the M 102 E 25/2 engine, modified for racing. The next stage came one year with the 190 E 2.5-16 Evolution II In its production version, this again presented for the first at the Geneva Motor Show, 173 kW, with performance boosted further.

From February in the context of the “Diesel ‘89” Mercedes-Benz started fitting all its passenger car models with engines with particulate reduced by 40 percent through of the combustion cycle. The optimized models were virtually and met the stringent particulate emissions in the U.S.A. even without a trap. This was made by newly designed prechamber with oblique fuel for more efficient combustion. The pumps in all naturally aspirated engines now also had an altitude unit (vacuum cell) to emissions down even driving at high altitudes. A side effect of the new diesel was a power increase of two kW in the 190 D and three kW in the 190 D From as early as September cars with turbocharged engines were fitted comparable technology – which that the output of the 190 D 2.5 Turbo was to 93 kW.

A sophisticated emission control introduced in 1990 further pollutant emission levels. To this, Mercedes-Benz opted for an catalyst specially developed for engines and combined with an gas recirculation system. This efficient system was available as equipment from October initially for cars with aspirated diesel engines, six months later for turbocharged as well.

The Sportline package, a new variant for the 190, came the market in June 1989. The was available for all models and featured a lowered by 21 mm, tauter springs and absorbers, 7J x 15 alloy wheels wide tires in 205/55 R 15 and seating as in the 16-valve model. did not apply to the 190 E 2.5-16 which boasted sporty equipment in its version.

Mercedes-Benz A II 200 136 Hp

The era of gasoline engines carburetors at Mercedes-Benz ended in In the case of the W 201 model series, meant that the 190 E 1.8 model the 190 that had been in production for seven years. The new engine had a of 1797 cubic centimeters and 80 kW with catalytic converter. It had derived from the two-liter in the 190 E by reducing the …, and used the mechanically/electronically controlled Bosch injection system.

Final

The 190 was refined for the last time in Among other things, all now featured the ABS anti-lock braking except for the 190 D and 190 E 1.8 entry-level models. The 190 E was now the 190 E 2.0, and was three kW more thanks to a lower-resistance exhaust

Mercedes-Benz presented another special models of the W 201 in 1992, the full year of production of the These AVANTGARDE versions of the 190 E 190 E 2.3 and 190 D 2.5 were primarily designed to a more youthful look, pearl coat finishes in colors. In all, 4,600 were built of these models.

Production of the 190 ended in in February 1993 and in Bremen in that same year. A of 1,879,629 vehicles had been This underlines the success of the class, and the wisdom of the decision to the product range of the Mercedes-Benz into lower segments of the

The W 201 series in the press

Frankfurter Sonntagszeitung, November 19, 2006: compact class was the first of what the future had in store.”

Sacco, head of Design at from 1975 to 1999, this about the W 201 in 2000: Mercedes 190 was specifically designed to be We wanted to attract new customers, so we had to get attention – for example, with a design that was highly at that time, and with distinctive contours. When I at this car today, I still it very attractive.”

auto, und sport, July 14, 1982, on the W “With all its sports performance the 190 is still an outstandingly comfortable

auto, motor und sport, 1, 1982, on the new W 201: “The 190 with features which been highly unusual in class to date: the anti-lock system, for example, or the driver and the automatic belt tensioner for the passenger.”

auto, motor und December 1, 1982, on the multi-link rear suspension of the W 201: is truly a rear axle anything the world has ever

auto, motor und sport, 15, 1982, on the multi-link independent suspension of the W 201: “A veritable of an axle.”

Auto Zeitung, 20, 1982, on the debut of the W 201: talking about the new small the 190/190 E.”

Neue Zьrcher December 22, 1982, on the W 201: “A and unconventionally styled modern car can be expected to attract new, and young buyers.”

auto, und sport, January 12, 1983, on the reaction to the W 201: “No other car is so at the center of attention, no other car has anything like the curiosity as new development from the world’s motor manufacturer.

auto, und sport, January 12, 1983, on the of the W 201: “The W 201 body the driver like a well suit, proving that you can be even in a relatively small

auto, motor und sport, 23, 1983, on the 190 D: “The diesel is encapsulated, which means exterior noise emissions and noise levels inside the

Auto Zeitung, October 21, on the 190 D: “This car continues a diesel going back 47 years, ample scope for the development of generations of compression-ignition engines.”

. 1983, on the 190 2.3: “We think the 190 E 2.3 is an outstanding four-door sedan – the best in the world in its size

Road Track, November on the design of the W 201: “The of the 190 is head-turning.”

Mercedes-Benz A II 200 136 Hp
Mercedes-Benz A II 200 136 Hp

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