Mercedes CClass History

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Mercedes C-Class: History

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C-Class model history in

Mercedes-Benz introduced the 190 model in The sedan (W 201 series) was the first car in a new series referred to within the as the “compact class” below the S-Class and SL-Class.

The new model, by Bruno Sacco, took values into the mid-range of the This included the company’s on technical innovations: the W 201 featured a with multi-link independent suspension, a lightweight structure of high-strength steel, bodywork exemplary aerodynamic qualities and a level of passive safety.

The 190 also set new standards: the use of an encapsulated in the diesel version led to the 190 D becoming as the “whisper diesel”, while technology turned the gasoline-engined of the compact class into a sports car.

The 202 series was the to bear the “Mercedes-Benz C-Class” The sedan (W 202) made its in 1993. The C-Class continued the of the 190, but with a larger and comfortable interior while the same exterior dimensions. equipment was also significantly at prices comparable to those of its The station wagon (S 202) in 1996 offered even space.

In fact, the 202 series a crucial role in the ongoing of passenger-car diesel engines at The C-Class comprised the world’s passenger cars to have diesel engines. Then the first turbodiesel passenger car four-valve technology and charge-air and in 1997 the C-Class also the diesel engine with direct injection (CDI).

But the new series also introduced new for gasoline engines: it was in the C 230 Kompressor Mercedes-Benz first went to the idea of using a Roots to boost engine power, more than 50 years.

The third generation of the compact (W 203), launched in 2000, was a sporty design, and in the fall of a sports coupe (CL 203) was added to the C-Class. The new station (S 203) arrived in 2001, a stronger focus on lifestyle and utility values.

The new model contained a raft of technical as standard equipment. Alongside a level of safety, exemplary and reliability, the most distinctive of the C-Class were its agility and performance.

The technical innovations their first appearance in generation of the C-Class included the automated six-speed transmission.

of the Mercedes-Benz 190 in 1982

The Mercedes-Benz is a truly multi-talented range of available as compact sedan, sports coupe and successful car. The class also versatile station wagons for family and professional use, as an innovative technology carrier and a top-seller for the company. These are a few of the facets of this highly model series, as displayed the many individual cars in the The Mercedes-Benz “compact class” is an family of models, offering an range of qualities and features.

The of the C-Class began in 1982 the introduction of the 190 model (W 201 series). was the direct forerunner of the C-Class. The 190 the advent of a third model alongside the S-Class and E-Class. If the and G-Class are counted as classes in own right, the W 201 series was actually the Mercedes-Benz passenger car series. In the appearance of the new model in 1982 the beginning of an extensive diversification since the new-look technology was actually the first shot in a product campaign.

North American customers soon calling the new sedan the Benz,” but the car also packed a punch. Revolutionary new features set standards in passive safety, and other areas of automotive The brochure for the 190 put out in 1982 promised the “leading-edge Mercedes technology in a format.” The model delivered on promise, as the C-Class does to day.

As well as drawing on from the E-Class and S-Class, the W W 202 and W 203 series themselves consistently new features which were incorporated in other Mercedes The new C-Class (W 204 series) launched in is the fourth generation of the “compact since the appearance of the new star in the firmament in 1982.

Technical of the C-Class

201 series (1982 1993)

Multi-link independent suspension: rear axle five independent links for balanced handling characteristics

absorber strut independent suspension: front axle by individual wishbones, with control

Encapsulated diesel with exemplary noise (“whisper diesel”)

Forked-member of the front end for improved passive particularly in frontal collisions

KE Jetronic mechanical/electronic injection for gasoline engines

202 series — 2000)

C 220 CDI: the diesel-engined passenger car of a German manufacturer with common-rail

Gasoline engines with supercharger

Turbodiesel with technology and charge-air cooling

V6 engine with three-valve and dual ignition

Four-valve for diesel engines

203 series — 2006)

Front with crash boxes of high-strength steel for further passive safety

New three-link front axle McPherson struts for more handling

All-glass panoramic in the sports coupe

Introduction of the automated six-speed transmission

came before the Mercedes-Benz class

Ideas pursued from the start of automotive A car which is as compact as it is comfortable and


Advanced development of the 190 dating as far as 1971

The idea of a small car the same automotive technology, and safety features as larger has been around as along as the itself. Both Benz and Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft designed and produced not luxurious cars but also compact models. Also for AG, established in 1926 in a merger of two companies, the concept of a compact series was in the air right from the especially in economically difficult It was on this basis that the 170 (W 15 1931) and the 170 V (W 136 series, 1936) created, for instance.

However, ideas of introducing a new Mercedes-Benz below the mid-sized category did not before the 1950s (W 122 series) and the 1960s (W 118/119). But the plans for two series remained projects in and were not developed through to standard.

The automotive world dramatically in the early 1970s. was increasing talk of a diminishing of crude oil, and there was an demand for low-pollutant vehicles, for export to North America. prompted preliminary technical in advanced development for a “small” as early as 1971, although no series designation was allocated at the The oil crisis in 1973 then that this approach was the right lines, and at the end of that it was decided to pursue these with a strong commitment to them. The model series “201” was then issued in

However, there was vehement within the Daimler-Benz Board of as to whether the model series actually be built. The proponents of strategy were completely that the company could a compact car that would provide the characteristic Mercedes standards, outstanding handling and levels of ride comfort. The of the idea took exactly the view i.e. that was not feasible and also feared the exclusiveness associated with the would be watered down. In the the issue was settled by market and the decision was made in 1977 to the new W 201 series. This proved to be one of the important strategic decisions taken by the Daimler-Benz Board of the day the move came as no surprise to the As Professor Werner Breitschwerdt, Chief Engineer and later of the Board of Management of Daimler-Benz, in 2000: “In the mid-1970s, suddenly became a hot topic, because of the American regulations on consumption. So a smaller model to be a very good idea.” point in favor was the idea of the new model as an ideal second car a larger Mercedes-Benz sedan the same safety standards.

for the product drive

But the brand the three-pointed star was also to expand. It was hoped that the class would make attractive to new customers, particularly the generation. In the words of Gerhard chairman of the Board of Management of AG in 1982: “Our new Mercedes-Benz is a major step towards our current passenger car range by the of an entire new model series. will enable us to tap new opportunities in the and to offer attractive models to an larger number of prospective After a number of years more to consolidating our passenger car we have now laid the foundations for a aggressive approach, a full-scale drive.”

A lot of the required advanced development had already been completed by the the decision was made, so the model was ready for the market within a short time, and road began as early as 1978. An number of test cars required during development. The began with 25 component within the body of a 200 model. were used to test the new components, particularly the axles. were followed by 53 pre-prototypes and made completely by hand, for the vehicle as a whole, and finally, a series of 25 to 40 vehicles (depending on the cars required for type are included in the total).

So the expense was huge. No less than basic designs were for the rear axle alone, over 70 variants, of which one third were actually and tested. The manufacturing costs of one carrier were around DM (approximately 205,000 euros), and and prototypes cost as much as two DM (approximately one million euros) But it was money well spent.

Sorsche, the then Director of Car Development, was particularly appreciative of the devotion to every detail ultimately produces a good All this testing and ongoing over five million kilometers and in innumerable bench closely integrated with the work, the determination to keep on every tiny component was perfectly, not just on its own, but as of the project as a whole, the meticulous to detail until even the demanding designer felt that’s what defines car and makes it a Mercedes.”

The compact class was finally in 1982. The engineers had achieved quite special, worthy of a in the history of automotive engineering: all the seen as essential for a car’s as a genuine Mercedes had been The new Mercedes-Benz featured excellent better-than-average comfort levels in its outstanding active and passive and excellent fuel economy and values. In the words of the 1983 “This new model series in concentrating leading-edge Mercedes and Mercedes quality in a compact car for the time no compromises, no cutbacks.”

A asked question is why those did not opt for front-wheel drive for this There were two main for this. First, in a vehicle of size, the required allocation of is more easily achieved rear-wheel drive. In particular, a mounted engine would significantly restricted the designers’ to fit many different engines and And secondly, the development department had anxious to separate the drive and functions to give themselves scope in tuning the front and axles for optimum handling

Source: Source: DaimlerChrysler AG

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