MercedesBenz History the W 210 EClass Models | eMercedesBenz

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Mercedes-Benz E 290 Turbo-D W210

Mercedes-Benz History: the W 210 E-Class

In June 1995, the Mercedes-Benz E-Class was given an entirely new with a new face and rear


by John Clark | 13 April

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In 1995, the Mercedes-Benz mid-series was an entirely new appearance: its future-oriented new incorporating four elliptical had been presented for the first in the Mercedes-Benz coupe study car at the Motor Show in March Two years later, the dynamic section entered series in the W 210 E-Class models.

It was not only the of the W 210, but also its flowing section reminiscent of a coupe, ushered in an excitingly new language of The new E-Class was immediately awarded the design prize “Roter (red spot); over the of its seven-year production period, the received more than awards in all – above all for occupant design, environmental compatibility and

The E-Class as innovation leader

The new included over thirty innovations. The standard features of the W 210 the electronic traction system electrically operating front and windows, exterior temperature dust filter and a third lamp on the rear sill: had previously either not been at all in the E-Class or only as optional The rain sensor for the windscreen unit, an air quality meter for the control system, and the PARKTRONIC parking aid based on ultrasound first realized in the new E-Class. saw the addition of the driver authorization ELCODE, operated by means of an key for the doors and ignition, along Brake Assist (BAS), recognizes emergency braking and automatically builds up the maximum brake booster force as

The sedan is particularly impressive its excellent drag coefficient of 0.27 and its high standard of safety, which was achieved large deformation zones and more effective retention in the interior. In the W 210, Mercedes-Benz was the first brand to incorporate force limiters as a standard Newly developed side further improved lateral protection. The W 210 series, which the successful W 124 in 1995, thus uncompromisingly in the tradition of the Mercedes-Benz as innovation-bearers.

The mid-series as a model of

The history of the mid-series can be traced to the Mercedes-Benz 170 V from 1947 (W 136 The 180 and 190 models from the W 120 and W 121 series, became known as the “Ponton” followed in 1953 before superseded in 1961 by the W 110 “four-cylinder From 1968 onwards, the W 114 and W 115 known as the “Stroke Eight”, set hallmark on the brand’s mid-series, and for the time the range also a long-wheelbase sedan and a coupe.

The model series from the category was the W 123, introduced in For the first time, the Mercedes-Benz range included a so-called (T for “touring transport”) – a station The W 124 was finally launched on the market in and the range was extended in 1991 to an elegant four-seater convertible. The W 124 was the first Mercedes-Benz to bear the new designation following the 1993 update.

“Classic”, “Elegance” and three variants for the E-Class

The of offering a model as standard in variants known as “lines”, catering for individual customer had already proved successful in the W 202 The E-Class W 210 also appeared in in three distinct guises, in design and appointment details. could choose between the variants “Classic”, “Elegance” and Each line was available a choice of any engine, without

“Classic” is the basic version of the new a fully equipped Mercedes-Benz with numerous technical the exterior design is somewhat reticent. The “Elegance” line light-alloy wheels in ten-hole along with extras as wood trim, leather and steering-wheel covers and ventilation for the seat area. This and appointment variant is clearly from the “Classic” line by its door handles and bumpers and its protective strips.

The “Avantgarde” set themselves even more apart from their with an exclusive radiator incorporating five horizontal bars, this line has its own profile. It also includes headlamps featuring gas discharge and dynamic illumination range These automobiles have a lowered body, a sports and wide tires on 16-inch wheels in five-hole design, are also available on request for variants. The exclusive AMG variant of the W 210 was on the market a year after the launch. The E 50 AMG was available only eight-cylinder engine and five-speed transmission.

E 200 or E 420, E 220 diesel or E 290 the W 210 models

In 1995, the W 210 sedans initially available with a of eight engines, five of ran on gasoline: the E 200 and E 230 four-cylinder models, the E 280 and E 320 and the E 420 eight-cylinder. These were by the four-cylinder E 220 diesel and six-cylinder E 300 models, along with the E 290

Most of these engines based on power units had already proved highly in the 124 (old E-Class) and 202 (C-Class) and were installed as modified in the new E-Class. An entirely new development, on the hand, was the five-cylinder OM 602 DE 29 LA engine 2.9 liters) with direct exhaust turbocharger and intercooler. In the E 290 this engine concept was in a Mercedes-Benz passenger car for the first In comparison with the six-cylinder engine with an almost displacement of three liters, the developed power unit conventional two-valve technology was by considerably higher torque and fuel consumption. The new engine Mercedes-Benz’s first step in the of direct-injection passenger-car diesel for comfort-oriented customers.

Reducing consumption, exhaust emissions and noise even further is a prime objectives in the development of engines, such as the new 2.3-liter unit. The larger displacement of engine, based on the previous power unit, is put to use above all to increased torque. The engine’s compression ratio and modified chamber geometry reduce consumption and noise. This unit, with a displacement of two was also given a new combustion geometry along with a injection unit incorporating a air mass (HFM) sensor. The unit of the V8 engine (displacement 4.2 was also given HFM management. this E 420 model and the E 50 AMG were exclusively with the new electronically five-speed automatic transmission.

further development

Throughout the period, the engines for the various W 210 underwent constant improvement and numerous innovative features. mention should be made, for of the two V6 engines presented in 1997. The E 280 and E 320 were powered by engines the new M 112 series, which replaced the six-cylinder in-line units of the displacement. The new engines were lighter than their Fuel consumption and noxious were drastically reduced to lightweight materials and further such as three-valve technology and ignition.

In the long manufacture period of successful model series, the E 430 – by the V8 engine from M 113 series – was the vehicle with the largest with an output rating of 205 kW hp) at 5,750/min. This V8 unit, three-valve technology, twin-spark and low-friction light-alloy cylinder included the same innovative details as the six-cylinder units the M 112 series. Nevertheless, the most E-Class vehicle of all came AMG: the E 55 AMG, presented in developed an imposing 260 kW (354 hp) its 5.5-liter V8 engine.

With the E 200 CDI and E 220 CDI two engine variants were on the market in 1998 whose power units were with common-rail direct these cars replaced models powered by prechamber engines. Finally, in 1999 – years before the market of the next E-Class generation (W – the series was subjected to extensive update measures.

4MATIC: drive for the E-Class

The E-Class with the 4MATIC four-wheel system were already from the W 124 series. However, the concept was subjected to fundamental development. The permanent four-wheel was now combined with the electronic system (ETS), which the differential locks familiar conventional four-wheel drive ETS cuts in automatically as soon as at one wheel shows a tendency to on a slippery surface. The brake on this wheel is steadily until the speed difference the wheels falls below a maximum. The drive moment at the with good ground is thereby increased and traction The new 4MATIC models were and manufactured in traditionally reliable with Steyr-Daimler-Puch Fahrzeugtechnik in Graz, Austria.

The E-Class station wagon and versions

One year after the launch of the sedan, Mercedes-Benz its mid-series station wagon (S in 1996. This vehicle had a rear overhang than the Its load space was considerably than that of its predecessor the 124 series. Like the sedan, the wagon is also manufactured in the “Elegance” and “Avantgarde” design and variants. In addition to the sedan AMG produces top-quality, high-performance E-Class station wagons.

based on the station wagon are the with partial body (VF which are offered for subsequent as ambulances or for other special – such as the long-wheelbase E-Class The VF 210 chassis is 737 millimeters longer that of the station wagon. chassis with partial are produced by the Binz company in A highly exclusive E-Class was built for the royal court of in 1996: an E 320 with a full row of seats, and with a wheelbase 970 longer than that of the wagon.

In 1995, Mercedes-Benz began to offer the new E-Class in a version – the first time in the history that mid-series were ordered directly in a bulletproof version. This was warranted by increasing demand. The variant of the E-Class is intended all for those customers who have of enhanced protection, but who prefer to their own vehicles.

The first such automobile to available was the special-protection variant of the E 420 model. In 1997, a less protected version in accordance protection category B4 was added to all-round protection against arms; this model was with a choice of eight- or engine. In addition to Mercedes-Benz’s years of experience, it is above all the that the protective elements can be directly into the body the manufacturing process that in favor of production of factory-made models. Mercedes-Benz can thus a standard of safety ex-factory cannot be attained with fitted protection packages.

exclusive special models as these cannot detract the fact that the W 210 series is following in the tradition its predecessors: as the successful vehicle of the upper category, this sedan, in 1995 and produced up until secured an even greater share than its predecessor. In 1,374,199 sedans and 279,238 wagons had left the production by the time the 210 series was superseded by the 211 in

Mercedes-Benz E 290 Turbo-D W210
Mercedes-Benz E 290 Turbo-D W210
Mercedes-Benz E 290 Turbo-D W210
Mercedes-Benz E 290 Turbo-D W210

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