MercedesBenzBlog MercedesBenzBlog TRIVIA History of the EClass PART XI

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Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211

Mercedes-Benz-Blog TRIVIA: History of the — PART XI


Stuttgart, Germany, Aug 01,

Neoclassic: 211 series (from

* Sporty, dynamic look classic body lines

* The Light System optimally to different driving situations and

* BLUETEC technology for the cleanest drive in the world

In March the new E-Class of the 211 series superseded the With this eighth of the brand’s intermediate range the Second World War, the engineers and designers opened a new in an unparalleled success story. The new had been introduced to the public in 2002 at the International Motor in Brussels.

The design of the new E-Class up elements such as the four-headlamp of the W 210, but interpreted them in a new way. Altogether, the new intermediate model was very sporty and in appearance. This was matched by the level of agility demonstrated by the and by the station wagon, launched in

Combination of comfort and driving

With a large number of innovations the 2002 saloon set new in the fields of vehicle safety, and driving dynamics. They the new four-link suspension and a multi-link rear suspension mostly of aluminium. In addition to the standard-fit controlled brake system Brake Control (SBC™) and the Stability Program ESP®, the new DC (Dual Control) air suspension which simultaneously controls the and dampers by means of advanced was available as an optional extra.

In system, sensors monitor the of the road, the driving style and the carried by the saloon. AIRMATIC DC the optimum damper force and rate based on this This suspension tuning both perfect comfort and driving dynamics at the same The air suspension was standard equipment on the V8, the E 500, and available as an optional for all models of the new E-Class.

Innovations for

The new E-Class was equipped with Front Airbags and for the first also with two-stage force limiters and automatic passenger weight classification. In with additional crash these systems enabled more precise occupant coordinated to reflect the actual of events in an accident. Sidebags for the passengers, large windowbags, emergency tensioning retractors for the belts, automatic child recognition and a roll-over sensor further components of the standard equipment.

Compared with the model, the body structure of the W 211 was by even larger deformation in the front end. They the new Mercedes-Benz saloon to pass the toughest safety tests, the passenger compartment remained undamaged even in severe The use of high-strength alloyed sheet and consistent lightweight design typical of the body design.

better appointments as standard

The equipment of the W 211 was significantly upgraded as with the predecessor model. It the electrohydraulic brake system exclusive to Mercedes-Benz, a sensor-controlled climate control, light-alloy a rain sensor, and the high-tech car Audio 20. Many innovative extras were developed by the specifically for the new

E-Class, others were from the S-Class.

The three and equipment lines CLASSIC, and AVANTGARDE differed on the outside in the radiator grille and front The ELEGANCE line was additionally by ambient lights in the exterior and trim elements in a fine and chrome combination. The AVANTGARDE additionally featured bi-xenon seat covers in a fabric/leather and ambient lights in the exterior

Start with five new

For the new Mercedes-Benz saloon there was a choice of five engines – petrol engines with six and cylinders and outputs ranging 130 kW (177 hp) in the E 240 to 225 kW (306 hp) in the E 500. were also two CDI power with four and five and outputs of 110 kW(150 hp) in the E 220 CDI and 130 kW (177 hp) in the E 270

Over the following months the engine range was complemented by a new petrol engine with in the E 200 Kompressor and further CDI engines four (E 200 CDI), six (E 320 CDI) and cylinders (E 400 CDI). In addition, presented the E 55 AMG as new top-of-the-range model. its impressive performance, the new E-Class scored well on fuel compared with the predecessor fuel consumption was reduced by as as 0.9 litres per 100 kilometres.

Diesel and refined power

The direct-injection engines belonged to the second of CDI engines and featured a number of technical innovations. Mercedes-Benz the four-cylinder of the E 220 CDI with two balancer for the first time, significantly noise emissions and engine

The maximum torque of the diesel rose by as much as eight over the W 210, reaching a new of 425 Newton metres in the E 270 CDI. The new E 500 turned heads. It combined the of a sports car with the accustomed of a Mercedes saloon.

The outstanding of the E 200 Kompressor is the TWINPULSE system, combines mechanical supercharging charge-air cooling, four-valve-per-cylinder a variable camshaft and Lanchester The 120 kW (163 hp) four-cylinder engine is and yet ensures powerful, sporty, running.

Most powerful to date

In autumn 2002 introduced the most powerful that ever existed. The E 55 AMG like its predecessor from the 210 was powered by the M 113 5.5-litre V8. However, charging raised the output 260 kW (354 hp) at 5,500 rpm to now 350 kW (476 hp) at rpm. That was good for from 0 to 100 km/h in 4.7 seconds – a second faster than its

The E 55 AMG Kompressor added another to the unique history of the supercharged of Mercedes-Benz and was at the same time a successor to the predecessor model. The E 55 some 12,000 of which built between 1997 and was the most successful AMG model to In developing the successor in 2002, the AMG engineers fed their racing into the sports saloon.

2003: The station wagon

One after the saloon, Mercedes-Benz the E-Class station wagon. The S 211 was closely related in design to the saloons of the series. Aesthetically, the new station wagon was every bit a for the saloon. In the station wagon the designers created an especially combination of generous load and dynamic elegance.

In addition to the innovations adopted from the the station wagon featured innovations developed specifically for the S These included the EASY-PACK with a new, asymmetrically rear seat bench could easily be folded to create a level loading in the rear. Also available as an extra was the hydraulically driven load floor, which be extended 40 centimetres out of the rear of the to facilitate the loading and unloading of objects.

2003: Active function and 4MATIC

In 2003 the light function with headlamps had its premiere in the station These headlamps followed the movements of the driver up to an angle of 12 meaning that bends better illuminated and drivers able to recognise their more easily. This Light System (ALS) was as an optional extra. Mercedes-Benz this solution together the lighting specialist Hella.

autumn 2003 Mercedes-Benz 4MATIC permanent all-wheel in the new E-Class. 4MATIC was initially only in 211 series saloons and wagons with six-cylinder engines.

2004: Driving at cost with natural gas

At the Mobil International in Leipzig in Mercedes-Benz presented an E 200 Kompressor-based gas vehicle with bivalent system, the E 200 NGT. The 120 kW (163 hp) engine operated alternatively natural gas or unleaded premium The exemplary power and torque of the up-to-date four-cylinder were in natural gas operation – the E 200 NGT (Natural Gas was the most powerful production with a natural gas drive in 2004.

With the central in the instrument cluster and buttons on the steering wheel the driver whether the car should run on natural gas or A special electronic control a smooth and gentle switchover for individual cylinder. For this Mercedes-Benz modified the TWINPULSE engine, adding injection on the underside of the intake manifold. An pressure regulator with and electromagnetic shut-off valve the natural gas supply and maintained the system pressure at a constant

2005: New V6 power plants for the

Following the debut of the new 3.5-litre V6 in the E 350 (200 kW/272 hp) in late from summer 2005 now offered the new E 280 model. Under its was a 170 kW (231 hp) six-cylinder with 300 metres of torque. The new V6 thus the previous E 240 in output by more 30 percent and in torque by 25 percent. To from zero to 100 km/h it only 7.3 seconds and attained a top of 250 km/h.

At the same time enlarged the diesel range of the adding the new E 280 CDI and E 320 CDI models. The E 280 CDI developed 140 kW hp) and made 400 Newton metres of available from 1400 With this great power even at low engine the saloon took 7.6 seconds to go to 100 from a standing start; its top was 238 km/h. In the E 320 CDI the new six-cylinder diesel Mercedes-Benz developed 165 kW (224 hp) and 510 Newton metres of torque in with the 7G-TRONIC (optional – outstanding figures for this category. With this the new CDI model accelerated from to 100 km/h in 6.8 seconds.

Torque giant with V8

In autumn 2005 the E 420 CDI took the stage. The model was powered by the torquiest V8 passenger car diesel The 231 kW (314 hp) power plant maximum torque of 730 Newton at 2,200 rpm. With engine the new E 420 CDI could accelerate zero to 100 km/h in just 6.1 and attained a top speed of 250 km/h. The fuel consumption is 9.3 litres per 100 Maintenance-free particulate filter, automatic transmission and AIRMATIC air are part of the standard equipment.

with an aluminium crankcase, exhaust gas recirculation and electric air throttling, a particular technical of the new Mercedes eight-cylinder was its third-generation rail direct injection. operated with a raised pressure of 1600 bar and enabled precise fuel metering in the of fuel consumption and exhaust gas As with all common rail the high injection pressure was at all times, even at low engine

Piezo technology

An outstanding of the latest CDI technology was the piezo used in place of the previous valve. With a response of just 0.1 milliseconds, the piezo allowed fuel injection to be more quickly and precisely to the load and engine speed than was previously possible. also had a positive effect on consumption and noise generation.

On basis the Mercedes-Benz engineers double pilot injection, took place within a few and significantly reduced the combustion of the eight-cylinder. Moreover, double after-injection took place to the standard diesel particulate if required.

Biggest variety

In the model range of the Mercedes-Benz was as varied, attractive and dynamic as before. All in all, there 14 saloons and twelve station to choose from. Among things, Mercedes-Benz also its offer of all-wheel-drive cars to the new E 280 4MATIC and the E 350 4MATIC, the E 280 CDI 4MATIC and the E 320 CDI under the bonnet of which was the new V6 diesel engine.


On April 12, 2006, Mercedes-Benz the new generation of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class at the New International Automobile Show. As enhancement the series was equipped new engines, forward-looking safety and the most up-to-date lighting In addition, the design engineers or improved 2,000 parts.

The new of the E-Class demonstrated its dynamism, and effortless superiority mainly a revised design. The saloon and wagon appeared even dynamic and commanding than Inside, the new generation was distinguished other things by new, colour combinations, a new four-spoke wheel and a new control unit for the automatic climate control.

The vehicles went on sale in in early June 2006, and a few later also in the USA. A of 29 model variants were to choose from – 16 saloons and 13 wagons. Compared with its Mercedes-Benz therefore offered the and most varied model in this market segment.

Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211

at the highest level

Forward-looking new continued to make the E-Class a of automotive safety. In future the and station wagons would as standard the anticipatory PRE-SAFE® which almost instinctively protective measures for driver and passenger if an accident appeared Winner of several awards, the enabled belt and airbag to optimally upon impact. in this class also the standard NECK-PRO head

sensor-controlled, these provided support for driver and front in the event of a rear-end collision. also equipped the new generation of the with brake lights flash during emergency to help avoid rear-end

The revised generation of E-Class was the automobile in the world to offer headlamps that optimally to the prevailing driving situation and conditions. This significantly safety. The Intelligent Light was available as an optional extra for and station wagon and comprised different light functions.

CONTROL made even agile handling possible. standard package of features a ten percent more direct a newly developed spring bearing, and a new shift control for the manual transmission for greater of shifting and more precise changing. Additionally the ELEGANCE and models were fitted rebound buffer springs effectively limited body during cornering. From the new of Mercedes-Benz came the ADAPTIVE system, which enabled new and comfort functions by means of control of the hydraulic dual-circuit An automatic tyre pressure warning system was also of the extended standard equipment in the

New engines for the new generation of E-Class

Six out of ten of the facelifted E-Class were new or developments. In particular the four-cylinder engines of models E 200 CDI and E 220 CDI were in detail to further improve torque and smoothness. In the petrol department the engineers concentrated on the power plants with and eight cylinders. In the future the top in the E-Class would be the newly V8 engine from the S-Class 5.5-litre displacement and 285 kW (388

Mercedes-AMG first presented the E 63 AMG at the New International Auto Show. by the new AMG naturally aspirated V8, which peak output of 378 kW (514 hp) and torque of 630 Newton metres a displacement of 6.3 litres, the E 63 AMG was the most E-Class ever. From 0 to 100 the saloon needed just 4.5 the station wagon 4.6 seconds. The partner for the 6.3-litre naturally V8 engine from AMG was the new AMG SPEEDSHIFT automatic transmission with individual shift modes.

BLUETEC: The future of the diesel

The taken by Mercedes-Benz to put its first passenger car on the North American in autumn 2006 pointed the way for the compression-ignition engine. Compared the advanced CDI engines, BLUETEC technology produced a further reduction of nitrogen oxide in particular. Following the successful of the world’s first BLUETEC car the E 320 BLUETEC was voted World Car of the Year 2007 in America.

The E 320 BLUETEC also demonstrated its in 2006 in a long-distance run from to Beijing. This symbolic of Europe and Asia took in parts of the route covered by the transcontinental car race in history, took its participants from to Paris in 62 days in 1907. E 320 BLUETEC vehicles along 30 E 320 CDI models made up the field of saloons that travelled Paris to Beijing.

Road to the

In 2007 Mercedes-Benz began the new BLUETEC diesel technology in At the IAA International Motor Show in in September 2007 the Stuttgart presented the new E 300 BLUETEC as the latest in the 211 series. This cleanest and EU5 diesel from the business came onto the European in December 2007. With two models, the E-Class spearheaded a offensive across all model Since the years ahead see BLUETEC variants for models C-Class to R-Class on the Mercedes-Benz to the Future.

The slightly lower output of the new BLUETEC model with the US version (155 hp instead of 165 kW/ 224 hp) resulted from designed to improve emissions. optimisation measures included piezo injectors and selective of turbocharger and exhaust gas recirculation. The high peak torque of 540 metres at 1,600 rpm guarantees superior performance with low consumption and very clean gases. The NEDC consumption of the E 300 is around 7.3 litres of diesel per 100 kilometres.

E 350 CGI: direct-injection engine in the E-Class

Parallel to the E 300 Mercedes-Benz introduced the E 350 CGI. Its V6 engine was equipped with petrol direct injection a spray-guided combustion process The world’s first engine to this innovative combustion and piezo injection came the CLS 350 CGI. The E 350 CGI has been available as a or station wagon since 2007.

Compared with the E which is still available, the 215 kW hp) V6 engine offers 15 kW (20 hp) more and 15 Newton metres more combined with ten percent fuel consumption. The E 350 CGI Limousine, accelerates from zero to 100 in 6.8 seconds, uses just 8.7 of premium petrol per 100 kilometres average). In both model the top speed is electronically governed at 250

With the E-Class to the future

The E-Class will also the role of pioneer in the next of E-Class. For example, the year is expected to see the arrival of the first of Mercedes-Benz models from the generation of the intermediate range, with a unique combination of 7G-TRONIC and hybrid technology. The technology concept of the E 300 BLUETEC comprises the new four-cylinder diesel, develops 150 kW (204 hp) and a maximum of 480 Newton metres from 2.2 and a compact hybrid module delivers an additional 15 kW (20 hp). of just 5.1 litres of diesel per 100 kilometres (46 mpg) and carbon emissions of only 134 grams per make the E 300 BLUETEC HYBRID the thriftiest and cleanest business

Spiritually, this future of the Stuttgart E-Class will on the shoulders of the previous E-Class and their forerunners. Because as the E-Class has emphatically been for more than 60 years, provide a sound basis for the

211 series in the press

auto and sport, Germany, issue wrote of the E 500: The top E-Class contains the collected works of the Development department.

mot, issue 8/2002, on the E 220 CDI: control, air conditioning, trip rain sensor, and even a set of wheels are already included in the model. The suspension also got marks: The location of the wheels by multi-link constructions pays Tyre noise and road are almost completely absorbed, as are large bumps, without motion of the body.

auto and sport, Germany, issue had this to say about the new E-Class: In the new of the E-Class Mercedes banks on innovative engineering than on design. The electrohydraulic brake SBC, for instance, goes large-scale production for the first But in other respects, too, the leader underpins its number one in this segment.

mot, issue 3/2002, succinctly the position of the E-Class: In the wide-ranging line the E-Class is the Mercedes per se.

motor and sport, Germany, 18/2007, drove the

Mercedes-Benz E 300 In combination with its seven-speed transmission, the three-litre diesel is as as the E 320 CDI, its progenitor, whose V6 it has adopted. … Although the Bluetec causes output to drop to 211 hp, one can get the minimal losses of accelerating and top speed.

mot, Germany, 6/2002, wrote of the new E-Class: all the high-tech, it remains true to its It shows authentic Mercedes-Benz There are only few cars have such a strong and developed character as the second-largest from Mercedes. It’s a comfortable car. Its elegance is of the upper middle-class type.

Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211
Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211
Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211
Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211
Mercedes-Benz E 220 CDI 150hp W211


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