MercedesBenzBlog MercedesBenzBlog TRIVIA History of the EClass PART X

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Mercedes-Benz E 240 T 170hp S210

Mercedes-Benz-Blog TRIVIA: History of the — PART X


Stuttgart, Germany, Aug 01,

Four eyes: the 210 series to 2003)

* Winner of the prestigious Red Dot prize

* Excellent drag of 0.27

* First diesel to feature direct injection

* protection versions in the mid-size series

When the new E-Class of the 210 made its debut in June the saloon saw the world through different eyes: for the first a Mercedes-Benz E-Class had a striking end featuring four elliptical The coupe-like design of the rear end caused quite a stir. two design elements, a distinct to the relatively stringent lines of the 124 were very well by experts and public alike. the W 210 was awarded the renowned Red Dot design But it was not only its distinctive shape set the new E-Class apart. It incorporated than 30 technical innovations. remarkable feature was its sensationally low coefficient of 0.27.

The organisation of the was also entirely new: the 202 series C-Class the planners the concept of different design and lines. There were variants to chose from: ELEGANCE and AVANTGARDE. Compared the basic version, CLASSIC, by its deliberately low-key appearance, the variant offered a number of items for the interior and exterior. light-alloy wheels and chrome on the door handles, bumpers and the rub strips. The AVANTGARDE line was the advanced model variant, different from the other two in its looks. The distinctive radiator showing five chrome and louvres painted in high-gloss stood out the sharpest. Another concerned the B-pillar trim, featured a honeycomb foil in the of the vehicle. The chrome trim of the handles, bumpers and rub strips to the ELEGANCE variant. But AVANTGARDE were also equipped some additional technical they were lower-slung as and came with a sports and wide-base tyres on 16-inch light-alloy wheels. The standard also included new xenon featuring gas-discharge lamps and headlamp range control, as an optional extra for the other For customers who set store by a highly appearance, an AMG version was offered in to the three design and equipment

Extras for safety and comfort as equipment

All variants shared a ample range of standard including two dozen extras not or available only as optional in the previous E-Class. This the Electronic Traction System an electronic drive authorisation front and rear power outside temperature display, filter, and a third brake on the parcel shelf. In the area of safety, too, the new E-Class was Owing to an optimised body with large deformation and even more effective systems in the interior, the 210 series were the safest automobiles in class in terms of overall

Mercedes-Benz was the first car manufacturer to fit belt force limiters as in the E-Class. The side impact was further improved through the of a newly developed sidebag. The other innovative systems in the E-Class included a rain for the windscreen wipers, an air quality for the automatic climate control, and the parking aid Parktronic (PTS).

variants to start with

The range of the E-Class comprised initial models. Three of had diesel engines: the E 220 Diesel (70 hp), E 290 Turbodiesel (95 kW/129 hp) and E 300 (100 kW/136 hp). with petrol engines the E 200 (100 kW/136 hp), E 230 kW/150 hp), E 280 (142 hp), E 320 (162 kW/220 hp) and E 420 kW/279 hp). A fourth variant, the E 250 Diesel, was produced for export to Italy. It was powered by the five-cylinder engine with technology. The engine range – engines with four, and six cylinders and a V8 – was essentially made up of power plants which had proved themselves in the 124 and 202 series and now used in more or less versions in the W 210.

Among the diesel engines, the in-line five-cylinder OM 602 DE 29 LA was a genuinely new a direct-injection diesel engine, also with turbocharger and – a first for a Mercedes-Benz car. with the 3-litre naturally engine, which had almost the displacement but featured prechamber the newly developed engine conventional two-valve-per-cylinder technology was by distinctly higher torque and fuel consumption. The exhaust gas combined with intercooler exceptionally high torque, already at an engine speed of rpm, dispensing with a rated output. The new engine was the step taken by Mercedes-Benz to direction-injection passenger car diesel for comfort-minded customers.

Higher was also the objective of the modifications to the petrol engines for use in series These included changes to chamber geometry (E 200), in displacement (E 230) and modifications to the system (E 200 and E 420). The injection of the 4.2-litre V8 was changed to HFM engine in which the actual volume of air was very precisely determined the aid of hot-film air flow measurement. In the control functions for the injection, and the electronic accelerator were now in a Bosch Motronic 1.0 control This also permitted control of the new automatic transmission, which the E 420 had been equipped the start of series production, to be into the engine management

E-Class athlete

Six months the market launch of the E-Class a sporty version was added to the range. The E 50 AMG had a 255 kW (347 hp) 5-litre V8 developed by AMG from the tried-and-tested power plant. The car had comprehensive features including sports light-alloy wheels with tyres, and AMG bodystyling. The E 50 AMG, a successor to the E 500 of the 124 series, was fitted the start of series production, like the E 420, exclusively the new electronically controlled five-speed transmission that was used in the eight- and twelve-cylinder models of the and SL series.

In June 1996 the new controlled five-speed automatic also replaced the older controlled five-speed automatic of the four- and five-cylinder models. The new generation cut fuel consumption, comfort, further improved and longevity and, finally, maintenance costs. At the same the 2-litre four-cylinder engine was smoother by the introduction of an intake that could be adjusted operation.

1996: S 210 Station – elegant and with tremendous

The new E-Class station wagon the saloon in May 1996. Like its the station wagon incorporated the design features of the saloons. But the S 210 with a particularly high of interior spaciousness. This the comfort and the freedom of movement for and at the same time increased the volume by 70 litres. As with the the customer could choose the CLASSIC, ELEGANCE and AVANTGARDE and equipment lines.

All the technical that set the E-Class saloon were used in the station In addition, the engineers set particular by passive safety. They an entirely new bodyshell structure among other things, a massively reinforced structure to the fuel tank in the event of a collision. The structural parts of the seat back and its locking and anchorage were made sturdy. In addition, fully-fledged restraints in the rear, three seat belts, and load-securing were part of the station standard equipment.

Under the of the E-Class station wagon the same engines that the saloons. At market launch were initially five types available: the 2.9-litre two four-cylinder petrol engines 2 and 2.3-litre displacements, and for the first in the station wagon variant a V8 power plant with automatic transmission. In addition, a with 2.5-litre diesel was produced for export to Italy. The and five-cylinder models had a five-speed transmission as standard; as an optional the new five-speed automatic was available, a torque converter lockup with controlled slip and management.

1996: Long-wheelbase saloon

A saloon was produced as a one-off for the royal dynasty in 1996. long-wheelbase E 320 was jointly developed by and Binz and designed as a six-seater a fully functional third row; the wheelbase extension 97 centimetres. Because of the big demand from abroad, the long-wheelbase of the E-Class has been manufactured in by Binz since the end of 1996. The from the town of Lorch continued a thirty-year tradition: the two had been working in partnership to and produce long-wheelbase versions of intermediate class saloons 1966. Binz offered versions of all five- and six-cylinder with petrol or diesel Apart from the six-door with three rows of facing in the direction of travel, was also a four-door version seats facing each in the rear.

First special versions of the intermediate class

rather exclusive variant of the 210 has been produced in a separate at the Sindelfingen plant since 1995: here, special versions of the E-Class saloon are mostly by hand. Now, for the time in company history, models from the intermediate were available ex factory. variant accommodated a growing in the intermediate class segment and met the of those customer groups an increased need for protection but who wished to drive themselves.

In to attain the desired performance the considerable additional weight of the elements, only the highest-powered were offered: the first was the E which was superseded in September by the E 430. From March there was also a less protected version, which met the of protection class B4 and afforded a degree of security against This variant was available not as an eight-cylinder model, but from 1997 also with a V6 engine. The basis for the great of the security concept is that, as in of protection class B6, the special elements were already into the body structure the vehicle’s production process. the result was a factory-built car with a of security that could not be by retrofitting special protective

Continuous expansion of the model

For limited market segments, 1996 Mercedes-Benz built the E 200 (export to Portugal) and the taxi of the E 220 Diesel with a derated that developed 55 kW (75 hp) and was supplied in a vegetable oil methyl ester

During the course of 1997, the range of the E-Class was then modernised, divided between two dates for the latest models. The models to have their launch were the E 280 and E 320 in March; were now equipped with V6 which, as initial representatives of the new M 112 succeeded the reliable in-line units of the same displacement. The V6 all-new designs, were at the ultramodern Bad Cannstatt engine and were distinguished by a number of innovations. An intelligent selection of materials enabled weight of 25 percent over the in-line Light-alloy cylinder liners, world first, helped fuel consumption owing to very low-friction surface. emissions were appreciably by using three-valve-per-cylinder technology and ignition. Dispensing with one valve reduced the loss of in the exhaust gas flow and created room for a second spark advantageous in the interests of short travel and optimum combustion All in all, these measures cut consumption by between nine and 13 Another novel feature of the V6 was the Active Service System which continuously analyses the of oil in the engine. This enables service intervals that actual operating conditions and can therefore be extended from kilometres to an average of 22,500

All-wheel drive in the E-Class

The two new models were also in an all-wheel-drive variant that had offered in the 124 series under the 4MATIC. Despite having the name, there were differences between the two drive Designed as a permanent all-wheel the new 4MATIC was combined with the Traction System (ETS), replaced the differential locks of all-wheel-drive vehicles. ETS engages if at least one wheel is spinning on a surface; it increases the brake until a specified speed is attained. This increases the torque at the wheels that good roadholding, providing a degree of traction.

The new 4MATIC were developed in cooperation Steyr-Daimler-Puch Fahrzeugtechnik GmbH. also was handled by that at its Graz plant in Austria. in white, transmission, rear and interior fittings were by Daimler-Benz, while the all-wheel-drive-specific were produced or procured by The joint German-Austrian project on the basis of more than 20 of successful collaboration in the development and of cross-country vehicles in the G-Class to 463 series). The market launch of the new took place in two phases: the E 280 was in December 1996, the variant 3.2-litre engine was delivered June 1997.

1997: New power

Simultaneously with the two V6 in March 1997 a new diesel was introduced in the E-Class: the 130 kW (177 hp) four-valve-per-cylinder turbodiesel with familiar from the S-Class and the vehicle replaced the naturally engine of the same displacement, the E 300 Turbodiesel the most powerful and diesel car to date (top 220 km/h, acceleration from 0 to 100 in 8.9 seconds). In spite of distinctly performance, fuel consumption and emissions were noticeably compared with the previous

In March 1997 the E-Class in for a whole series of improvements in its that involved the entire 210 model range with the of the V8 models. These improvements the drive authorisation system which perfects theft and comfort and is operated by means of an door and ignition key, as as the Brake Assist (BAS), is able to recognise emergency and, if required, build up braking force automatically and rapidly than in the past.

New models

At the IAA Frankfurt International Show in September 1997, rejuvenated the E-Class range three new models. The 125 kW (170 hp) E 240 was as successor to the four-cylinder E 230 model and E-Class customers a reasonably entry into the six-cylinder However, the E 230 continued to be produced for and ckd deliveries. The E 430 (205 kW/279 hp) had a V8 from the M 113 series featuring technology, dual ignition and light-alloy cylinder liners. as successor to the E 50 AMG the new E 55 AMG arrived; its 260 kW (354 hp) V8 engine was built by AMG.

For purposes the new models E 200 Kompressor and E 250 also augmented the Stuttgart These were sold to Greece, Italy and Portugal, for tax reasons these export were available in place of variants.

1998: Common technology in the E-Class

The E 200 CDI and E 220 CDI marked the of state-of-the-art Mercedes-Benz CDI technology in the in June 1998. Both were given variants of the CDI engine already in use in the C-Class, but different output and torque The 75 kW (102 hp) E 200 CDI replaced the old E 220 Diesel its naturally aspirated prechamber and the E 220 CDI with 92 kW (125 hp) was a supplement to the range. Apart from torque characteristics and good the new engines were above all by low consumption and low exhaust gas emissions. the launch of the CDI, the previous E 220 was now only available as a derated tax with 55 kW (75 hp), exclusively as a oil methyl ester version. production of the E 200 Diesel export was discontinued.

Long-wheelbase chassis for bodies

the decades-old tradition, Mercedes-Benz offered partially bodied in the 210 series. Like their from the 124 series, these were based on the corresponding wagon models. For the first no standard-wheelbase variant was available. the long-wheelbase version was supplied now – its had grown steadily over the compared with the shorter The wheelbase extension of the VF 210 amounted to 74 centimetres compared with the station wagon. From on, first the E 290 Turbodiesel was available as followed later by the E 250 Diesel export to Italy), E 280 and E 220 CDI.

new feature was that the partially chassis were no longer directly at Daimler-Benz. Instead, in Lorch functioned as system Binz procured station bodyshells from the Sindelfingen extended the wheelbase, made the reinforcements, and then equipped the partial body complete mechanical and electric parts and equipment. The finished chassis then delivered to the various via the Sindelfingen factory, or they in Lorch, where they turned into Binz and from September 1996 into Binz long-wheelbase of the station wagon model. bodybuilders with whom worked together for many and who also offered ambulances on the VF 210 were the firms Miesen in and Visser in the Dutch city of There were similar in the hearse sector with in Bremen, Rappold in Wülfrath, in Hanover and Welsch in Mayen.


Mercedes-Benz freshened up the of the E-Class in 1999 after years of production and the sale of one million models. At the same the facelifted 210 series presented new CDI engines, windowbags as standard, and improved electronic assistance All together more than parts of the world’s most automobile in this market were modified or improved. the greatly enlarged scope of equipment, the prices for the saloon and wagon rose only by an 2.9 percent, so that in the end Mercedes-Benz profited financially. The price depending on model version was as as DM 2,800.

Mercedes-Benz E 240 T 170hp S210

The distinctive four-eyed with which the E-Class set trends was given a sensitive The front of the W 210 enhanced the dynamic of both saloon and station by means of a slightly lower portion featuring a restyled and radiator grille and a bumper that now smoothly merged the body. The design of the front was also slightly modified, the headlamps to be installed in a flatter and position. Exterior mirror taillights and the station wagon’s rails were likewise to the modified design.

Lots of from CDI engines

In the E-Class, two new engines with five and six respectively and featuring common direct injection, charge-air and a turbocharger with variable turbine celebrated their The E 270 CDI had an output of 125 kW (170 hp) and developed torque of 370 Newton metres 1,600 rpm. This was 23 more than in the previous diesel. Equally impressive its fuel consumption figures of 6.9 litres per 100 kilometres (NEDC consumption, saloon).

Still pulling power was furnished by the new six-cylinder E 320 CDI. The 145 kW (197 hp) diesel engine gave torque of 470 Newton metres at rpm and kept this figure up to 2,600 rpm. With the 3.2-litre engine bettered the figure of the previous six-cylinder engine in the E-Class by more 42 percent and simultaneously established a new among comparable car engines. For the Driving Cycle the six-cylinder do with 7.8 litres of fuel per 100 (NEDC combined consumption,

Broad range of power

In all, in 1999 this model series offered a of ten engines, with outputs from 85 kW (115 hp) to 260 kW (354 The E-Class engine range to include the proven petrol with four, six and eight In addition to the E 280 and E 320, the eight-cylinder E 430 and station wagon) would in be available with the innovative all-wheel drive as an optional

The two economical four-cylinder CDI units by Mercedes-Benz in the E-Class since 1998 were fitted the new variable turbocharger. It increased of the diesel engines by up to 14 percent: the E 200 CDI now 85 kW (115 hp) and the E 220 CDI 105 kW (143 hp). It improved the torque of the four-cylinder

Control centre with six

For the diesel and petrol engines up to 2.8-litre displacements, Mercedes-Benz a new six-speed manual transmission as equipment. Sixth gear was as an overdrive. The new transmission was distinguished by ease of shifting thanks to multi-cone synchronisation of gears one to The reduction in shift forces was than 25 percent compared the previous five-speed transmission.

The automatic transmission was now fitted as with an electronically monitored which appreciably improved convenience.

Even greater

Mercedes-Benz continued resolutely to its successful design and equipment concept. The CLASSIC, ELEGANCE and variants were now distinguished by an stronger individual touch enhanced their distinctive All lines were based on a enlarged selection of standard In addition to innovative safety like the Electronic Stability (ESP Ò) and windowbags, the standard now included the multifunction steering from the S-Class, which operation of the car radio and telephone simpler.

The innovative control and concept of the E-Class included the central display in the instrument It informed the driver not only the functions of the standard stereo car the car phone and other systems, but offered the driver the possibility of individual settings by means of on the steering wheel. Further from the S-Class were as optional extras: actively luxury seats for driver and passenger, a dynamic navigation (DynAPS), and the up-to-date cockpit and data system COMAND integrated stereo radio, player, television receiver and system.

2000: Power a supercharger

From mid-2000 a developed supercharged 2-litre engine made for an even dynamic driving experience in the E-Class. The four-cylinder, which did duty in the C-Class and in the CLK, 120 kW (163 hp) and supplanted the 100 kW (136 hp) engine of the E 200. From rpm the new supercharged power plant a maximum torque of 230 Newton exceeding the naturally aspirated torque figure by around 21 The saloon’s 0 to 100 km/h acceleration thus was shortened by 1.1 seconds to 9.7 the station wagon’s, by 0.9 seconds to seconds. The improvement was even apparent in the measurement of top speed, was 222 km/h in the new E 200 (Saloon), 13 km/h than in the predecessor model. The E 200 wagon reached a top speed of 212 – 14 km/h more than

Since the advanced four-cylinder maintained its maximum torque a broad speed range 2,500 to 4,800 rpm, the new E 200 put on bursts of speed in fourth or gear with effortless For example, it took only seconds to accelerate from 60 to 120 in fifth. Despite its higher and respectable performance, the E 200 Kompressor up to 0.2 litres less fuel per 100 than previously. The NEDC consumption was 9.1 litres for the saloon and 9.6 for the station wagon. The supercharged also met the stringent EU4/D4 limits. For this reason, owners received a tax bonus of DM 600 for registrations of this Mercedes-Benz.

In the last years of production, models of the series were further improved. The displacement of the E 240 was to 2.6 litres, resulting mainly in a rise in torque. As a result, and station wagon displayed greater pulling power and flexibility when overtaking. The new E 240 as a sprinted from zero to 100 in 9.3 seconds, and as and station wagon in 9.5 making it as much as 1.2 seconds than the previous version.

The 210 E-Class fully upheld the of its predecessors: as the most successful of the upper mid-size category, the introduced in 1995 and produced 2002, even extended its share over its predecessor. All in 1,374,199 saloons rolled off the line, together with station wagons.

210 series in the

Road Track, USA, 1995 issue, on the new E-Class (W The new E-class is a dramatic departure for Historically, its cars – particularly the – have been sold to people seeking durability, styling and understated luxury. But this new E 320, Mercedes to retain those buyers and people who are more emotional their purchases, those who more about style, and a car’s fun-to-drive quotient.

Germany, issue 12/1996, about the Mercedes-Benz E 50 AMG: partner AMG has risen to become a skilled and competent racing In the Swabian town of Affalterbach AMG the specific components of the E 50 – engine, suspension, seats, instruments – into the E 420 bodyshells which the plant takes off the assembly for them. The mot article continued: the Mercedes engine is better The only oversquare engine in the impresses with its relatively low of 13.5 litres of premium and with its tremendous pulling The engine catapults the E-Class to a of 100 km/h in 6.0 seconds, rendering all the qualities of a powerful V8 in a highly symphony of sound.

mot, issue 14/1996, said of the new 210 Station wagon: As the ‘Classic’ the station wagon already details that others a great deal of money And the article continued: In addition to ergonomics and a logically and clearly workplace the Mercedes places emphasis on safety. Two integrated seats are standard equipment, as are the net and three-point belts on all seats.

motor and sport, Germany, 5/1996, on the S 210: With a capacity of 600 litres, capable of to a maximum 1,975 litres, the station wagon makes established giants in the class the Opel Omega Caravan and XM Break look small.

motor and sport, Germany, 11/1995, described the body of the W Apart from fact it represents the boldest leap in in the history of Mercedes, it affords more utility value. space, above all in the rear, and functionality are immediately tangible

Looking back at the station of the 210 series, Auto-Bild, Germany, in issue 5/2005: This is also a darling of frequent who appreciate low operating costs. The is sound, maintenance is simple; are no cost-intensive toothed belts. not a one of the 14 engines in the station wagon [. ] requires special oil; grades (DB service fluid 229.1 or 229.3) are entirely Despite this, the equipment is engine failures are virtually

Mercedes-Benz E 240 T 170hp S210
Mercedes-Benz E 240 T 170hp S210
Mercedes-Benz E 240 T 170hp S210
Mercedes-Benz E 240 T 170hp S210

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