19361940 MercedesBenz 260 D

19 Фев 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Mercedes-Benz 260D W138

(from Daimler Press February 1936: the diesel celebrates its premiere in the passenger car

• The 260 D of 1936 was the first series-production car with a diesel engine

• technology at Mercedes-Benz is an almost one year history of innovation

• car diesel engines are economical, and refined power units

• and hybrid drive make the an engine technology for the future

– The Mercedes-Benz 260 D in the W 138 series was the world’s series-production diesel passenger In February 1936 – 50 years the invention of the petrol-powered automobile by Benz – Mercedes-Benz presented revolutionary vehicle at the International and Automobile Exhibition in Berlin. Its OM 138 four-cylinder engine with the pre-chamber system and a Bosch pump developed 33 kW (45 hp) at 3200 and was installed in the chassis of the petrol-powered 200 with a long wheelbase. The Four-plunger injection pump engine speeds of up to 3000 rpm and rapid fuel delivery.


In November 1934, after with various diesel in Mercedes-Benz passenger cars, the opted for a modified version of the six-cylinder in-line engine the commercial vehicle sector. The was a four-cylinder unit with a of 2.6 litres (bore x stroke 90 x 100 The new engine adopted the truck smooth pre-chamber combustion The technical specifications included valves and a five-bearing crankshaft.

production of the model 260 D commenced at the end of and the world’s first regular diesel car was premiered in February at the International Motorcycle and Automobile in Berlin. At an average diesel consumption of 9.5 litres, a tank was initially sufficient for 400 kilometres, and increased to no less than 500 or more after a model in 1937. This was not without considering the relative scarcity of stations at the time.

Even in 1936 the diesel in the model 260 D delivered impressive economy: average consumption was above 9 litres of diesel per 100 considerably bettering the 13 litres by the petrol-powered model 200. diesel fuel cost 17 Pfennigs per litre for holders of a transport licence in 1936: at the that was less than the normal cost of petrol. in particular immediately opted for car, which was available in a Pullman version with six right from the start.

Mercedes-Benz 260D W138

In September 1936 Mercedes-Benz introduced a Pullman saloon, a saloon and the 4/5-seater Convertible B as body variants of the model 260 D. from taxi-drivers, more and private customers also this very economical

As early as 1937 Mercedes-Benz an improved version of the model 260 D: the version now had a modified radiator The slightly smaller headlamps had curved housings whose were inserted directly the wings. Previously the headlamps had mounted on a chrome-plated rail in of the radiator, which was now omitted. The two model variants were given redesigned bodies were both more and more prestigious-looking than the Pullman versions. New bumpers the dainty versions of the first two were introduced in 1938.

to the 260 D for the model upgrade included a track at the front (1370 of 1340 millimetres) and rear instead of 1380 millimetres) and a fuel tank (50 litres of 38 litres), which was now also from the engine compartment to the of the vehicle.

In February 1938 the previous transmission was replaced by a fully four-speed transmission with a fourth gear. At the same the 260 D – like the model 230 – was given wheels and tyres in the interests of as well as dual-action hydraulic absorbers at the rear. And from 1938, electrically heated plugs made starting when the engine was cold.

1936 to 1940 Mercedes-Benz 1967 examples of the model 260 D. as a taxi, the world’s first passenger car proved to be an absolute champion: taxi cabs on the 260 D were still on the road in numbers well into the Mercedes-Benz also used the OM 138 which underwent only few modifications during the four-year period of the model 260 D, for other The same engine also the L 1100 to L 1500-series vans in Stuttgart and Mannheim.

Since the sensational premiere of the 260 D, Mercedes-Benz passenger cars diesel engines have set new technical standards. After the World War, the model 170 D (W was the first newly designed car offered by Mercedes-Benz. It was powered by the OM 636 four-cylinder engine and presented in Since then, Mercedes-Benz cars with diesel have been a dynamic story with numerous These range from the diesel car with a five-cylinder (model 240 D 3.0 in the W 115 series of 1974) to the of CDI technology with common-rail in the C 220 CDI of 1997 and BlueTEC emissions in the E 320 BlueTEC for the American market in and right up to the development of diesel-hybrid such as the E 300 BlueTEC HYBRID for year 2011. The brand is making a decisive contribution establishing the diesel engine as an powerful and refined passenger car unit with great potential.

Mercedes-Benz 260D W138
Mercedes-Benz 260D W138
Mercedes-Benz 260D W138
Mercedes-Benz 260D W138

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