1955 MercedesBenz W196 R Streamliner | Conceptcarz com | Mercedes-Benz catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions

1955 MercedesBenz W196 R Streamliner | Conceptcarz com

8 Апр 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Mercedes-Benz W196

1955 Mercedes-Benz W196 R news, pictures, specifications, and

Roadster

Chassis Num: 9

The W 196 R was the formula racing car built by after the war. Following pre-war success, no one doubted Daimler-Benz would return to racing. The first entry of the new W 196 R in the GP at Reims ended with success: Drivers Juan Fangio and Karl Kling score a double victory. The entry at Silverstone, however, was successful, probably due to the streamlined which was unsuitable for that This experience resulted in the of the open wheel ‘monoposto’ Subsequently, various versions of the car manufactured with different engine displacement and braking configurations.

The car featured here was in the monoposto form by Fangio to in the Grand Prix of Buenos Sir Stirling Moss piloted the car in configuration at the Italian Grand at Monza.

The first six seasons of the F1 were completely taken by a single make, Ferrari. The were adapted in 1954 and 750 cc engines with forced of 2500 cc engine with aspiration were allowed. was now the time for Mercedes-Benz to re-enter the Prix racing, twenty from when the first Benz GP vehicle, the W25.

were 15 models constructed; the W 196 R was sold as either an open variant dubbed the ‘Monoposto’ or an version called the Streamliner. returned to Formula 1 racing the Mercedes W196 in 1954. at the 1954 Reims Grand the W196 looked like else on the grid. Even the streamlined body, all new cutting innovations were introduced. The Monza’ version impressed the world with its premiere at The controversial fully enclosed bodywork with the aerodynamic was a sight that had never been seen by the adoring A smaller frontal area was the of the straight 8 cylinder engine titled 37 degrees. A desmodromic operating system was placed in the and no valve springs closed the instead one camshaft opened the and a second one closed them

Nine victories were by the W 196 Streamliner that included lap, plus 8 pole in 12 Grand Prix races by Moss and Juan Manuel Juan Manual Fangio world championship titles in and 1955 in a combination of streamliner and variations of the W196. The W196’s victory at Grand Prix was by Fangio with his team Kling just a few meters him. Moss lead other W196’s to victory at the Grand Prix at Aintree in

Originally developed for the 300 SL, Bosch fuel injection was utilized. The brakes were moved to decrease the unsprung weight. The W196 Streamliner was quite a vehicle, and a tribute to its pre-war

During its production run, a of versions of the W196 was built. The version for high speed like Reims, Monz and and more conventional bodied for the road racing tracks. A wheel base version was for the 1955 season and an even model for the ’55 Monaco Prix. The latter model was with outboard brakes for reasons.

Unfortunately tragedy was in for the 1955 season as 87 people tragically killed by a Mercedes-Benz that flew into a Mercedes-Benz chose to withdraw mortorsport, and didn’t make the that fans had hoped.

the W 196 R is on display as part of the Indianapolis Speedway Museum Collection.

to competition: The classic Mercedes-Benz Arrows of 1954/1955

• Great Body and wheelbase matched to the

• Race organisation wîth precision

• Brilliant record: victories and fastest laps as as eight pole positions in Grand Prix races and the champion’s titles in 1954 and for Juan Manuel Fangio

The W 196 R designed for the 1954 season met all the of the new Grand Prix formula by the sport’s governing body, the CSI Sportive Internationale): a capacity of 750 cc or 2500 cc without supercharger, choice of gas mixture, a racing of 300 kilometres or a minimum of three The streamlined version was completed because the Reims race off the season permitted very speeds. After that was also a version wîth wheels.

Fritz Nallinger was in of the project as a whole, ably by Rudolf Úhlenhaut, Chief of the racing department since 1 1936, and after the war also of the Car Testing department, who influenced the decisively. Úhlenhaut headed a of engineers including Hans Ludwig Kraus, Manfred Hans Gassmann, and Karl-Heinz as well as further top-level of the company. And although, yet again, in the of the W 196 R, the whole was much more the sum of its parts, every component is mentioning: cutting-edge technology in of its era, in spite of the fact in some cases, there had precedents in the history of motor

This silver masterpiece, of 14 units including a prototype built, drove its competitors to in the following two years. Its original body was both expedient and appealing. From the German Prix on the Nürburgring in early 1954 onward, however, an (monoposto) version also part of the line-up. Its tubular frame was light and sturdy, its wîth torsion bars and a new swing axle at the rear as as the giant, turbo-cooled, and at first arranged Duplex drum were unconventionally good. The in-line engine wîth injection and desmodromic valve (1954: 256 hp (188 kW) at 8260 1955: 290 hp (213 kW) at 8500 was installed into the space at an angle of 53 degrees to the right to the centre of gravity and reduce the area. What’s more, preparations for each individual harked back to the glorious while at the same time the modern Formula One approach. But was something else as well: so as to the best cars in the world by the best drivers, racing Alfred Neubauer hired the – reluctant – superstar Juan Fangio, plus the up-and-coming Moss in 1955 – a virtually pairing.

Two versions: monoposto car and

The two versions of the W 196 R were interchangeable effortlessly. Chassis number for instance, glittering wîth glory in its brand-new aluminium one day, was entered wîth wheels in the 1955 Argentinean Prix (driven by Hans Karl Kling and Moss to place) and the Dutch Grand (with Moss at the wheel, as runner-up), and fully streamlined performed tests in Monza. of them was used depended the peculiarities of the circuit, the strategy and the likes and dislikes of the respective

The W 196 R featured a swing axle low pivot point instead of the De Dion layout – a configuration by Úhlenhaut wîth its better under acceleration. An almost balance was achieved by positioning elements in the extremities of the W 196 R, the water and oil right at the front, the tanks petrol and oil in the tail. In 1955 the drum brakes were into the wheels on some while three wheelbase were available: 2150 2210 millimetres, and 2350 The shortest was ideally suited for the round-the-houses circuit in Monaco, at the time it had an ambience of stocky But it did not, of course, prevent the that struck the silver on that 22nd day of May: Herrmann suffered a severe during a practice session, had to retire from the race a broken propeller shaft, and Moss and replacement driver Simon in the third Silver wîth engine damage.

The as a high-precision machine

As usual, a fully-fledged eight-cylinder engine its first roar on the test a single-cylinder test unit 310 cc and four valves had to go through its This solution uncovered a the Silver Arrows’ racing had already struggled wîth in the namely valve-gear problems exceeding 8000 rpm and above all springs. Going home work in a streetcar in the evening of 20 May suburban commuter Hans came up wîth the answer, it the next morning. Cam lobes and arms would control the opening and closing of the valves so one could make do without The advantages of that concept obvious: higher revs, safety, greater power. As it permitted to employ larger and valves, the engineers opted for two per cylinder.

The injection pump, together wîth Bosch and not the ones used in diesel consisted of a casing wîth cylinders which fed the gas straight the combustion chambers at a pressure of 100 per cubic centimetre. The eight-cylinder configuration was inspired by the famous hp Grand Prix car of 1914 in the cylinders (two groups of wîth central power were firmly connected to a plate, though bolted to an casing separate from the gear housing and surrounded by a cooling-water jacket. The fuel was a highly reactive Esso wîth code RD 1, concocted 45 percent benzene, 25 percent 25 percent 110/130 octane three percent acetone und two nitro-benzene. This blend have eaten away a made of unprotected steel as Hans Herrmann remembers.

The W 196 track record was impressive nine victories and fastest as well as eight pole in the twelve Grand Prix in which it was entered, and, of Fangio’s world champion’s in 1954 and 1955. There was room for improvement.

Mercedes-Benz W 196 R

• in racing: 1954/55

• Engine: in-line four-stroke petrol wîth direct injection

• 2496 cc

• Output: 256 hp (188 later boosted to up to 290 hp (213 kW)

• Top over 300 km/h

Source Mercedes-Benz

Daimler Benz AG: Formula One Season

Much has be and recorded about Mercedes-Benz to grand prix racing. And it would seem a subject it can never be overstated just how the manufacturer’s achievement truly Throughout the history of Formula teams have come and Many of those would and would languish at the back, and disappear. There were however, that would onto the scene that make a splash, but also, Then there were that would not achieve straightaway but would hang until they became one of the teams in the sport. Mercedes-Benz, on the hand, would achieve unthinkable. The team would appear on the scene, dominate, all that can be achieved, and then, without a trace, seemingly its point and moving on. That exclamation point, that demonstration of dominance would in 1955.

Very rarely in Formula One has a team suddenly appeared on the and dominated an event. But, is exactly what happened in France on the 4th of July in 1954. At the 5.15 mile Reims three Mercedes-Benz W196s line up on the grid. Two of those, by Juan Manuel Fangio and Kling, would go on to absolutely the race, lapping the whole of the en route to an incredible one-two, finish.

Although the team come back down to at the British Grand Prix, the Grand Prix would see Manuel Fangio provide the fans something special to as he took victory on the famed by a margin of more than a and 30 seconds.

After another performance in the Swiss and Italian Prix, Juan Manuel would hold on and enjoy a drive in the Spanish Grand having already secured the Drivers’ Championship for the second

It had become clear Mercedes-Benz was the to beat heading into the season. However, there some weaknesses within the team. Karl Kling had his abilities in sportscar racing and was a performer, but neither he nor Hans were on par with the Argentinean world champion, Juan Fangio. Had it not been for some performances by Fangio, Mercedes have found themselves fighting for top five performances. The therefore, was in the market for another driver to compete with and provide the team with greater depth.

Heading the 1954 season Stirling had been campaigning with British cars and had been less than stellar Finally, he decided his racing would have to come his patriotism, if he desired to win, and he go on to purchase a Maserati 250F. car the Brit would consider his ‘proper F1 race car’.

In the Moss would go on to earn a of top results and some truly performances. One of the best performances come at the Italian Grand in September of 1954. Hanging Alberto Ascari and Juan Fangio, Moss would he was one of the best drivers in the world. when he took the lead and onto it until the last moments it was clear he was more capable of challenging for victories, if he had the equipment.

Mercedes’s long-time boss, Alfred Beubauer, had impressed with Moss’ in the Italian Grand Prix and that Stirling was just his man to with Fangio at Mercedes. then, would stop at to sign the British driver. after a well-orchestrated and pre-planned in December of 1954, Moss be won over by the opportunity presented him and sign with the German

Mercedes had their lineup of With Fangio and Moss, the had two drivers capable of challenging for at each and every stop of the Championship. In Kling and Herrmann, the had steady, capable drivers to complete the sweep of the podium.

now had its drivers and, with Uhlenhaut continually upgrading and the W196, also the car in which to another assault on the Formula One Championship.

Only a little than a month after the with Mercedes, Moss join his new team across the Ocean in Argentinean for the first of the 1955 Formula One World season. The race was the Gran de la Republica Argentina. It was the first of the Formula One season and it would place on the 16th of January.

the terrible debut of the Argentine Prix in 1953, when ten people lost their due to Giuseppe Farina barreling the crowd trying to avoid a young boy, the Argentineans have something to celebrate Juan Manuel Fangio home the victory on his home in 1954 driving a Maserati.

into 1955, there be plenty of reasons for the Argentineans to be and looking forward to the start of the Now driving for the dominant Mercedes Fangio would certainly to be the favorite for yet another victory. there were a couple of in his way.

One of those obstacles be another Argentinean known as The Bull . Besides Jose Gonzalez driving for Ferrari was the addition of the Lancias and their one driver and double world Alberto Ascari.

In practice, would prove insurmountable for Around the 2.42 mile 17 de Octubre, Gonzalez would fastest recording a time of At the wheel of the D50 Lancia, Ascari also out-qualify Fangio. time of 1:43.6 would be a half a second slower Gonzalez and good enough to 2nd on the grid. Fangio would out on 2nd on the grid by mere hundredths of a Still, one of the Mercedes would be on the front row as the final spot on the row would go to Jean Behra a Maserati.

Karl Kling had much more experience the wheel of the W196 than Therefore, Kling’s time of would be three-tenths of a second than Moss and would be enough to give the German the 6th position in the middle of the second Both of the other two Mercedes would be found on the third row of the Moss would start in 8th while Hermann would 10th.

The day of the race would see a set. Given that the was scheduled to take place on the of January, the later-half of summer in the hemisphere, the temperature on the day of the race be incredibly hot. Touching 104 it would be the hottest grand on record until being twice during the 1980s and in 2000s. Not only would the be terrible for the cars, but it would be terrible for many of the drivers, those from Europe, who not used to such incredible

The conditions certainly seemed as they would favor the in the race, of which, two would be from the front row of the grid. as the flag dropped to the start the it would be an Argentinean leading the but not the one that started from on

Fangio would get a great off the line and would lead the first lap of the race with Ascari close behind. despite starting from the would drop down to 4th by the end of the first lap. Kling also make good on the of the race and would move up one to 5th by the end of the first lap. Herrmann also improve a great right from the start as he be running in 7th place by the end of the first But perhaps the greatest improvement come via Moss. Starting the in 8th place, the Brit would up the running order to run 3rd by the end of the first Therefore, at the end of the first lap it was Mercedes 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th.

leading early on, Fangio get shuffled back. It would a battle between Ascari and This would lead to the time in which Fangio and would run nose-to-tail, but just not in the 1st and 2nd places as people would accustomed to seeing them on in the year.

One each of the first two of the race there would be that would lead to a of cars departing the scene. on the 2nd lap of the race, Kling would be one of that would be caught up in the and would be forced to retire. Behra and Luigi Villoresi be a couple of others that find their races, coming to an early end.

Due to the heat and the early accidents a nightmare would ensue. A of cars would have drivers over the course of the 96 lap Kling’s early departure lead to Herrmann giving up his car 30 laps. Eugenio Castellotti, Mantovani, Luigi Musso, Farina, Jose Froilan Harry Schell and Clemar would all share their at some point during the In fact, over the whole of the only Fangio and Roberto would remain behind the of the car in which they started.

Ascari would be battling for the when a mistake would him to crashing out of the race after 21 However, because Castellotti had up his car to Luigi Villoresi just a lap the accident, Ascari would out on any opportunity to get back into the and would be one of the few that would not be to find some way to do so.

The heat also take its toll on of the early leaders. Jose Gonzalez looked quite early on in the race but it was clear the heat was getting to him. As a he would hand his car over to Farina after 60 laps. Moss would suffer, but not the heat. His car would suddenly up fuel flow problems and force him to abandon his car after 29 However, he would take from Kling in Herrmann’s car and do his best to carry on to the finish.

everyone else seemed to be rides left and right, carried on. He would re-inherit the of the race a couple of times. The time would be on the 43rd lap Roberto Mieres enjoyed a interlude in the lead, the only in his career in which he would.

But Fangio would be back in the not all would be well with him Though he was dealing with the better than most, he was being burned, just in ways. The exhaust on the Mercedes back along the side of the car but did not out the back, but out the side. On this the exhaust was actually striking a of the side of the chassis. Fangio’s leg to continually rub up against part of the frame in that same This would cause a burn to his leg to develop, but one that he bear with throughout the of the race.

Burn or no burn, heat or incredible cold, was not going to be denied on home Enjoying a lead of nearly a and 30 seconds, Fangio would the line to take the victory the jubilant cheers and loud being offered from his countrymen. Gonzalez’s car, by Giuseppe Farina and Maurice would finish in 2nd place Farina’s car, shared by Trintignant and Umberto Maglioli, finish in 3rd place.

The only other remaining the one originally started by Herrmann, and would be shared by Kling and would finish 2 laps in 4th place. This result look a far cry from that of its car.

Posting the fastest lap of the Fangio would earn the amount of points while a of other drivers would points. This gave an incredible advantage in the points, and just the first race of the Of course, it would come at a The burns to his leg would leave a he would carry for the rest of his and it would take upwards of months before it would heal. Thankfully, for Fangio and the there would be about months in between rounds of the Championship.

Month after would pass by in between of the World Championship. Still, would be anything but idle this period. In fact, to point in the season, the team experience its greatest result the 1st of May when Stirling Moss and Jenkinson set a blistering time in the Miglia to come out the race’s The great result was only better when Juan Fangio provided the team a finish completing the race over 30 minutes behind and Jenkinson.

It seemed that May be a great month for the team. The at the Mille Miglia certainly have provided the necessary But, come the 22nd of the another tough race and there was really nothing but that provided any certainty.

The time Mercedes-Benz had competed at the Grand Prix it had been and it would prove to be one of the most performances by the team as they on to sweep the podium with von Brauchitsch taking the victory by a and 24 seconds over Rudolf The Swiss driver, Christian would complete the podium two laps down in a third

The last time the Monaco Prix had been a part of the One World Championship it had been the inaugural season. And in that Juan Manuel Fangio come away with the leading home an Alfa one-two. It would also be one of the times in which the pre-war prix driver, Luigi would be seen behind the of a grand prix car.

that first year as of the World Championship, the Monaco Prix would only for a couple of more seasons, but as a event. But, on the 22nd of in 1955, the Monaco Grand would be back on the World calendar.

Though it had only a part of the World Championship the first year, it would be Formula One was coming home it returned to the principality in 1955. It only be made better the arrival of Mercedes-Benz.

Mercedes-Benz make a grand reappearance in coming to the event with no than three cars. Of Juan Manuel Fangio and Moss would be behind the of two of them. But it would be Hans and not Karl Kling competing in the

Besides the Mercedes contingent, the would be rightly filled the royalty of Formula One. Lancia would bring cars as would the factory team. Scuderia Ferrari enter no less than cars while the French Equipe Gordini, would three cars. Smaller like Vandervell Products and privateer teams would to make up a field 20 cars

Practice would see Juan Fangio set the pace around the mile circuit. But, Ascari would prove, again, to be his equal posting a lap just hundredths of a second Stirling Moss would he had come to be comfortable with his new especially after the Mille victory, as he would be just a of a second slower around the and would take the 3rd, and spot on the front row.

Not all be well for Mercedes, however. practice, the throttle on Herrmann’s would stick open and he plow his Mercedes into the lining the circuit. Herrmann be injured, the car badly damaged. the team would not give up on a third car. And so, journeyman Simon would be contracted to the race for the Mercedes team they rebuilt car number 4.

not a regular with the grand team, Simon had had enough with the Mercedes sportscar to feel pretty comfortable In a short amount of time, would be up to speed and would be not all far off the pace of his teammates. In the end, would end up on the fourth row of the grid in place after posting a just a little more four seconds slower the effort achieved by Fangio.

two cars on the front row heading the 100 lap Monaco Grand Prix, were already looking for Mercedes, but, like in the hot weather conditions would have been reason for

Still, it would be Fangio would lead the way through the turn, the Gazometre hairpin. Castellotti would make an start in his Lancia and he would to force his way past Moss to the two Silver Arrows at the end of the first Simon would struggle off the and would be fighting hard to make his way back up to where he By the end of the first lap, he would be out of the top ten and not all that good.

Fangio lead the way through the first few with Castellotti bringing up the Moss would be all over the while he defended his position another Italian, Alberto Simon would only slip down the running as the laps began to click It was clear the Frenchman was not comfortable his car, or, that it had some of problem that was impeding his

Castellotti would no longer Moss as the young British would push his way past on the 5th lap of the As a result of his move on the Lancia, would set up what was to become a famous and familiar sight Fangio leading the way with following closely behind. But Fangio and Moss led the way, continued to struggle and found languishing down outside of the top

Luigi Musso and Louis would be out of the race before 10 would be complete. Mike would retire in the Vanwall the throttle linkage broke on the Despite the heat and the tough of the circuit, attrition was slow to teams. However, by the quarter of the race, attrition would begin to make an impact on the of events.

One of the next to be visited by would be the third Mercedes Andre Simon would be outside of the top ten. Then, on the lap, things would get when the engine in the car totally let go. pouring from the car, he retire from the race.

would get even more for the Mercedes team at the halfway of the race. Though down one Mercedes still had its two drivers up at the of the field leading the way. seemed to be absolutely no reason for But then, on the 50th lap of the race, would not be seen past the Hairpin. And then, there he be, but on foot. The transmission on the car had failed and he abandon the car at the hairpin leaving to carry on in the lead.

Moss had along behind Fangio for 45 It was obvious he knew how to get around the carefully, but fast enough to his challengers at bay. Therefore, Fangio dropped out of the running, would pick up the mantle by his teammate and would appear to be than equal to the task. even though it would be the world champion Alberto giving chase, Moss maintain, even add, to his over the remainder of the field.

a place to score one’ World Championship victory. But would find that the was far from over. Sure with just 20 laps in the race, smoke would be pouring out from under engine cover. Demoralized and Moss would pull the pits fully aware had just been snatched his fingers.

The lead, however, not be handed to Ascari, for he too, find anything possible the checkered flag. Clearly to challenge the Mercedes Silver Ascari seemed to be running a and consistent race just and praying for problems with the cars. Unfortunately, just he had the opportunity to capitalize, he would it all away by clipping the chicane the harbor. This would in Ascari blowing through bollards and dumping himself and the car the harbor.

While frogmen busy fishing Ascari out of the Maurice Trintignant would through to take over the of the race, much to the surprise of gathered around the circuit. into the race, the two favorites had Mercedes and Lancia. Ferrari a distant afterthought. But as Trintignant past the pits into the it would become exceedingly the drama of motor racing had the of pulling out surprises even up to the last minutes of a race.

willing to receive his inheritance, would carry on in the lead of the and would power his way to his first One World Championship win. Castellotti, who had been running in 2nd very early on in the race, end up coming through to finish in 2nd following along behind by some 20 seconds. Jean and Cesare Perdisa would a drive in a Maserati and would away with 3rd place a lap behind.

The 1955 Monaco Prix had all the makings of a historic or one-two finish that the principality had grown accustomed to in the years leading up to World War II. an unfortunate run of unreliability would not Mercedes’ return to Monaco be as as the last time. Perhaps the surprise of the weekend would not be that Trintignant came to take the victory, but, he would leave the circuit the lead in the World Championship. But at the next race of the World Fangio would make Trintignant’s time in the limelight come to an end.

Although the 500 counted toward the 1955 Championship, all of the teams waited and some final preparations the fourth round of the Formula One

The fourth round of the Formula One Championship would actually place in early June. the warmth and sunshine of the Mediterranean the would head deep the heart of the Belgian Ardennes and would find the usual and wet weather greeting their It was the Belgian Grand Prix and meant the infamous, fast circuit.

Spa-Francorchamps had been one of the early throughout Europe. First a race in 1922, Spa would well-known for hosting its 24 Hours of A true road course, the circuit would remain unchanged well into the Utilizing public roads between the villages of Francorchamps, and Stavelot, the resulting course be one of sheer brilliance and frightfulness. with a lot of elevation changes, quick bends and some scenery all around, Spa would be an classic.

Mercedes had missed the Grand Prix the year But, in 1955, the team come bearing three Fangio and Moss would be by Karl Kling. Unloading the and setting out for practice, the weather be wet and dark. But not just the conditions be dark around the circuit.

about a week before, Ascari would be lost testing a Ferrari sportscar at The loss would be deeply up and down the paddock. Not surprisingly, friend and mentor, Luigi would withdraw from the as would Lancia’s replacement However, Eugenio Castellotti, protégé, would make the into the Ardennes, perhaps in of the man that had died testing his car at

Amidst the tears falling heaven, Castellotti would do his proud securing the fastest lap the 8.77 mile circuit. a lap in 4:18.1, Castellotti would the pole by a margin of a half a over Fangio. Stirling would complete the front row by Mercedes two cars on the first Karl Kling would be a bit off the of his teammates. He would complete a lap of the with a time of 4:24.0. would lead to the German from the 6th place starting the third row of the grid.

As daybreak on Sunday, the 5th of June, the weather be markedly different from Dry conditions and mild temperatures spectators and competitors alike. meant the entire field be unleashed for 36 laps, free to as hard as possible. Therefore, lap were expected to be fast and

The cars would be lined up on the preparing for the downhill run toward the right-hander at Eau Rouge. The start be of utmost importance. One mistake and the could come to an end before it started. Engines would to life and the revs would up to full song.

Engines the flag would drop to the 315 mile race. Powering his way on the run toward Eau Rouge, Fangio get by Castellotti to take the lead of the Moss would be unable to off the same maneuver, and therefore, be stuck behind the Italian up the hill. However, by the end of the 8.77 it would be Fangio leading the way Moss following the wheel of the Argentinean from 2nd. would also get a very start from the third row of the On the run down toward the hill, the would power his way down the and would find himself 4th by the the field headed up the hill for the first time. And, by the end of the lap, Kling would right there in 4th giving three cars in the top four.

out of the way, Fangio and Moss hook up once again and begin to draw away the rest of the field, including who would run into some and would be pushed all the way back to 6th place by the 4th lap of the race.

Fangio be in a class unto himself on day as he steadily began to draw from Moss over the of the 36 lap race, but of course, it had been one-two at Monaco, and then, went wrong.

On this everything seemed to be going for Mercedes while the rest of the would be left struggling to up. Jean Behra would after 3 laps and would end up over Roberto Mieres’ Paul Frere would a terrible start but would and would be gradually making his way up through the field when the find themselves caught out by or mechanical problems. Another of to fall out of the race, and thereby, Frere would be Mike Gearbox issues had arisen before the start of the race but the would finally get the better of the team and Hawthorn would be to retire after just 8 The sole Lancia in the field last almost to the halfway of the race before gearbox also sidelined him.

No problems would be reported by Fangio or Moss. They continue on at the head of the field so much of a hiccup. Kling’s would go from great to quite quickly. Not only he get shuffled back over the of the first few laps of the race, but a oil pipe would bring his entirely to an end after 21 laps.

Lap lap, Neubauer would his stopwatch keeping track of his two Silver Arrows. Fangio be out front enjoying a comfortable over his teammate by the later-half of the Content, the two drivers would on the limit but would not ask too much of cars in order to preserve all the way to the finish.

Mercedes would some concerns with a of laps still to go. Although the threat was practically non-existent, along with the majority of Ferrari’s projectiles, there was Giuseppe Farina. Though into his forties, Farina be pushing hard throughout the of the race and would give some concern, especially the retirements suffered in Monaco.

But really would be very reason for worry. Fangio absolutely dominate the proceedings the checkered flag after two and thirty-nine minutes. Setting lap with a lap time of 4:20.6, would enjoy and eight margin of victory over by the end. Moss’ performance be perfect in its own right. Following and only pushing Fangio necessary, Moss protected the backside and was showing himself to be an start in Formula One. Farina would be impressive as at the wheel of the Ferrari 555. He come through to finish the in 3rd place a little more a minute and 40 seconds behind

Despite Kling’s misfortunes, the would be a good recovery for after the debacle in Monaco saw both of its cars fall out of the while in the lead. This the two Silver Arrows would be out and unchallenged. It would be a nearly technical race as the two men would the way for each of the 36 laps. This to restore the team’s confidence and momentum for what was to be a very summer.

But, that was Le Mans.

One of the attractions of the deal Mercedes for Moss would be the to partner with Juan Fangio in the longer endurance like the 24 Hours of Le Mans. as Mercedes arrived in Le Mans for the running of the 24 hour race, would be a great amount of within the Mercedes team.

would enter a number of entries, but the Italian manufacturer serve as nothing more background for the story everyone was to develop during the actual titanic battle between the and the Germans, namely Jaguar and

The expected battle would to fruition during the race and disappoint. Quickly, the race turn from an endurance into an all-out sprint. Lap lap, Fangio and Hawthorn lower the track record in an battle. Unfortunately, at such even the slightest of mistakes had the of causing some truly consequences.

Nobody would guessed the dire consequences involve one of the Mercedes entries. At the of one of the Mercedes 300 SLRs, Pierre would have Lance veer into his path down the start/finish straight. no time to react, Levegh strike the back of Macklin’s and would be launched into the air the tightly packed grandstands and area in between. The result be catastrophic and terribly tragic. Not would Levegh lose his but some 80-90 spectators as It would end up being the worse in the history of motor racing and it change the landscape of motor not only for 1955, but beyond.

so, the fallout from the accident be swift and far-reaching. Only a removed from the Second War, Mercedes would the decision to withdraw from the despite being in the lead at the Additionally, a number of races, Formula One World Championship would be cancelled. All of a sudden, had been a busy summer of racing would turn large gaps without any at all. As far as Mercedes-Benz was concerned, the would cause the team to consider the future.

Not every would be cancelled, however. One of that would remain on the would be the fifth round of the One World Championship, the Dutch Prix.

The terrible accident at Le would cause many to consider options. And while would make the decision to events, in some cases there would be others would choose to carry on. In the of the Dutch Grand Prix, it had been scheduled for the 19th of one week after the Le Mans The race’s organizers already had components and venders in place. It be difficult to cancel at such a date. Besides that, it clear the Dutch organizers to help everyone move Therefore, the fifth round of the Championship would carry on as

Mercedes and the rest of the teams make their way back to the Low of Europe. From the 8.77 Spa-Francorchamps circuit, teams make their way to the 2.60 circuit located within a minute’s walk from the Sea.

While the two circuits not be any different in length, they share more than a of things in common. Not only the natures of the two circuits be similar in both were fast, great bravery and courage, but located right on the edge of the Sea meant similar weather drivers, teams and spectators. sand, gusty winds and stormy conditions were all a of the nature, a part of the draw of

Just 16 cars would for the race. And, coming off the one-two performance at Spa, it be Fangio and Moss leading the way in in the Mercedes. Fangio would set the lap in practice with a time of Moss would be close with a time just slower. Karl Kling, would also be impressive the 2.60 mile circuit. His lap of 1:41.1 would be just a more than a second than Fangio and would to the first front row sweep by on the season.

The skies would look as the cars rolled up to their positions in preparation for the 100 lap Dutch Prix. The Dutch flag be held out proudly as the tension to mount. Then, with a of the flag, the 1955 Dutch Prix would be underway.

would absolutely bolt off the while Moss and Kling be slow in reacting. Heading the banked right-hand first it would be Fangio clearly the way with Moss following in 3rd place behind Luigi Kling would find in 4th place but already a couple of car behind Moss.

At the end of the first lap it be Musso challenging Fangio into the first turn but the would hold onto the while Moss remained behind in 3rd place. Kling be under pressure of his own as he fought to off Behra, Hawthorn and Mieres.

challenging for the lead, Moss take over 2nd place Musso by the end of the 2nd lap and the familiar Fangio-Moss be well-joined. Meanwhile, Kling lose position to Behra and find Musso and Behra in himself and the rest of his teammates just a couple of laps.

changes in the running order at the of the first couple of laps, the order would remain unchanged throughout nearly the quarter of the race. Fangio and would lead the way while did his best to hang onto the of the two Mercedes. Behra would be in 4th place while Kling solidify his position in 5th.

Peter Walker’s retirement 2 laps into the event, little in the way of attrition would at the field throughout the next 10 to 15 Unfortunately, Kling would to break that cycle.

Fangio and Moss extended margin over Musso in 3rd the situation for Kling would go steady to awful in one unfortunate Trying to keep up with the pace his teammates were forth, Kling would a slight miscalculation and would his Mercedes out of the race after 21 laps.

Not long after excursion took him out of the race, Gould would do the same. after retirements by Robert and Maurice Trintignant, there be 11 cars remaining in the race 30 laps still to run.

and Moss would be in control. still running at record around the circuit, they seem perfectly at home ever-harder widening the gap over in the Maserati. Musso would do his best not to allow the two Silver to escape, but the rains would come toward the later-stages of the and would immediately have a to play in the events still to

Roberto Mieres, despite a lap down, would end up setting the lap of the race. Luigi Musso also try his level best to in the Mercedes pair by increasing his It would be an impressive performance the sudden rain showers dampen the circuit causing to suffer a late spin would eradicate any ground had been gained.

Having a margin in hand over in 3rd place, Neubauer would out the order to Fangio and Moss to the pace down and carry on to And, after 100 laps and than two hours and fifty-four Fangio would come the line just three-tenths of a ahead of Moss to take yet victory. Luigi Musso recuperate from his error to his 3rd place position. He would cross the line 57 seconds

After the bitter disappointment in Mercedes would come to two-straight one-two finishes. It clear the team had fixed its issues and the dominance of 1954 only be further built Maurice Trintignant’s failure in the Grand Prix also that Mercedes had the first two in the championship battle firmly in with Fangio leading the way over Stirling Moss. Kling and Hans Herrmann, on the hand, would be much down in the standings as a result of troubles throughout the season.

the second, fourth and fifth of the World Championship had come in a short period of time, would be a gap of nearly a month in the fifth and sixth rounds. was not planned, but as a result of the tragedy of Le it would be a reality the teams have to deal with. So, most teams would been preparing for the French Prix, they, instead, head back to their to work on car preparation for the next a month away.

As the calendar to July, teams began to on the sixth round of the Formula One Championship. And, for 1955, a new was on the horizon. Toward the middle of teams, like Mercedes, gather all their equipment and ship everything across the Channel to England for the British Prix. But unlike the five seasons, the teams would an entirely destination in which to Instead of Silverstone, the famed Racecourse prepared to welcome the One World Championship.

The very round of the newly formed One World Championship would be the Grand Prix. And, 1950 through 1954, the that served as host for the Grand Prix had been the World War II bomber training at Silverstone. However, in 1955, all would change.

On the 16th of an incredible throng of spectators descend upon the famed Racecourse. But, the incredible wouldn’t be coming to watch the steeplechase horses negotiate famous fences as The Chair, or Beecher’s Brook as part of the National. No, the large grandstands be filled with excited longing to watch the best One cars, teams and drivers in the compete in a 90 lap race around the 3.0 Aintree circuit.

The 10th RAC Grand Prix would be a event. Not only would it be the time the British Grand held at Aintree, but it would be exciting given Mercedes’ appearance to the north of England. To top it all the potential for a British driver, in Moss, to score the first for a British driver in his home prix meant a special buzzed in and around the circuit all

Moss would cause the to rise to a fever pitch his performance in practice. As usual, Manuel Fangio would be around the 3.0 mile circuit. a lap time of 2:00.6, it seemed yet pole was due to Fangio. However, riding the wave of momentum being amongst his fellow would cause his fellow to rise to their feet as he post a time two-tenths of a faster, and thereby, take the pole from the Argentinean. It be a special moment. Not only it be a British driver on the pole for the Grand Prix, but it would be the pole in a World Championship prix of Moss’ career.

would come to Aintree in It seemed as though Germany had invaded England. The German would come to the north of with another evolution of the This timeNot only the German manufacturer bring for Fangio and Moss, but they dispatch a total of four to Aintree with the other two being Karl Kling and the ace Piero Taruffi.

Were it not for Behra pulling out a fast lap in his to grab the 3rd, and final, spot on the front row, it have been a clean of the top four positions by the Mercedes Instead, Kling would in the 4th position and would start Taruffi in the two-wide second

Unlike Silverstone, where overcast skies and the threat of always loomed large, sunny skies greeted on the day of the race; Sunday, July And, like the first two of the 1955 season, incredibly hot awaited to wreak havoc on the

After parading the drivers the circuit in identical Austin-Healeys, the would be pushed to their positions and the drivers would inside preparing for the start of the Electric starters would the engines over and the drama begin to mount as the drivers to launch themselves toward the turn at Waterway.

Car’s like horses at the starting it would be Fangio that get the better jump off the line to Moss into the first Jean Behra, however, have a poor getaway and lose a number of positions at the start of the race. Therefore, as the streamed through the first at Waterway it would be Mercedes-Benz two, three and four.

Behra would lose out at the of the race, he would recover to regain his place by the end of the first Unfortunately for the British faithful, would be unable to resume his at the front of the field with leading the way.

Moss be all over his world champion Still, Moss would be to get by Fangio through the first of laps of the race. It was clear was being held up by Fangio. The Behra had closed up and was right on the end of Moss’ car was only further of the fact.

Mercedes-Benz W196

The British Grand when it was held at Silverstone, had something of a reputation of being a car Well, despite being at a new venue, the reputation would intact and the attrition would in earnest.

While Fangio was his best to hold off Moss for the lead of the race, behind a tragedy was being enacted as car car would run afoul of trouble and drop out of the race. There be a total of 25 cars that start the race. However, by the lap of the race, nine cars be out of the race and a number of others be out of the running simply by lapping too Among those that make early exits be Robert Manzon, Jean Harry Schell, Eugenio and Roy Salvadori.

But while many find the heat and the circuit too to tame, the four Mercedes continue to run, looking a pre-war race with the Silver Arrows leading the

Moss would finally get the of Fangio and would bring the to its feet as he would take the of the race. Beside another period during the race in Fangio would be up on point, would look absolutely After Behra’s early it would be Roberto Mieres would take up station Kling. Therefore, it would be 1st through 3rd with Taruffi solidly in 5th place.

Just halfway it was still Moss the way. He would actually to pull out an advantage over the with every passing Kling remained on station in 3rd but with Mieres, and then in 4th and 5th, it seemed Mercedes miss out on sweeping the top four

Just about everyone at would be fixed upon the at the front with the Brit leading his home grand However, when Mieres the race with an engine and Musso faded under the it would be, suddenly, Mercedes 1st 4th.

There would be 30 still remaining in the race but it have looked any better for with each of its four occupying a top spot in the running It would certainly look as if a from the German Luftwaffe was in formation over England. But a Brit at the controls of the lead it was as if the Brits were bringing the spoils of war.

Moss was to bring home his spoils. toiling for years at the wheel of single-seaters, he finally had his chance at and he wasn’t about to let it slip his fingers. Or was he?

In the closing stages of the it was clear Fangio was catching up hand over fist. was backing off when sure of and then there was backing off there was a problem. And it certainly to look as if the later was the case. had built up a lead over his but it was clear, watching the lead that his car had fallen off in performance to Fangio’s car. Moss do everything he could to hold on. But into the very last lap of the things were still in

Coming around Beecher’s and down the Railway Straight, would draw Moss in a fighting fish on the end of a fisherman’s It certainly seemed, heading the final corner at Tatts, Fangio would be able to in Moss and snatch victory from Moss. Diving to the coming out of Tatts, Moss do everything he could to make have to take the long way to victory. Powering to the line, would be nearly right Moss. However, as they the line it was clear Moss had on to take the victory over his

Just two-tenths of a second be the difference. And that two-tenths send the crowd into a celebrating the first British to win the British Grand Prix. But the crowd would be focused on with its English hero, would go on to achieve its greatest aim 1st through 4th as Kling finished in 3rd and Taruffi brought it home for the by crossing the line in 4th.

It be the most spectacular day, all the way Fangio had clinched his third Championship, Moss’ first Championship victory would in his home grand prix, it be the first British driver to win the Grand Prix and, to top it all Mercedes would dominate the top-four spots in the finishing It really could not have a more perfect day, and was reason enough for the decision the would make, which to pull out of motor racing.

really was nothing more for to prove. Fangio had taken his World Championship title, with the team. Moss had a victory in his home grand the team had managed to score a of one-two, if not better, finishes and in the Mille Miglia, Targa and Tourist Trophy sportscar only added to the achievements of the The only goal that had to escape the team’s grasp had Le Mans. But, having involved in one of the darkest days in racing, it would have hard for the German team, in to return to try again. Therefore, it was by the company that in just two they had achieved most all of the goals they, or any manufacturer, have had. It was time to away. And the long gap in between the and final rounds of the World would only solidify decision.

The Le Mans tragedy lead to more than the Grand Prix being The German, Swiss and Spanish prix would also be for the 1955 season. This there would be a very gap after the British Grand held on the 16th of July. The gap be as long as between the 1st and 2nd rounds, but it be more than enough to drivers and teams take in a number of non-championship races.

however, would be one of the few manufacturers would not take part in any of the grand prix. The year the team had made an appearance at in Berlin. It would be an incredible as the three W196s would sweeping down off the steep of the north curve to cross the in a staggered formation.


With the of Juan Manuel Fangio who not take part in many races, the break in between the and final, rounds of the World would allow drivers, Stirling Moss, to be seen in future roles after the of Mercedes-Benz.

In the case of Stirling it was evident before coming to for Mercedes who he would return to with come the 1956 There had been a big question his commitments to the Maserati factory and signed with sponsors. unlike this day and age of firm Moss would be released such obligations in order to after the incredible offer before him by Mercedes.

Even the Mercedes drivers had already to seek out future employment, was still one more round of the Championship to complete. And, the German Grand Prix off the it seemed fitting that final round should be the Grand Prix.

The 1954 had seen Mercedes dominate, but it revealed some signs of such as at Silverstone and Pedralbes. One later, and with Silverstone and off the schedule, Mercedes was literally the only mark on its 1955 being Monaco. Therefore, if was to bow out of Formula One, nothing be better than one more performance. And, the Autodromo Monza served as the perfect

Initially built during the 1920s in the Royal Villa of the Autodromo Nazionale Monza be one of the first purpose-built racetracks in the When the track made its in September of 1922 it would of a rather unique design. Not would the circuit have a course for its use, but it would boast of oval track could be incorporated into the course to make a much road course.

The 6.2 mile would see its share of fatal during its early years. by the 1930s, the layout of the circuit change many times by the end of World War II, just the 3.91 road course would be The oval portion of the circuit lay abandoned and decaying.

It would be following the 1954 Italian Prix, to rehab the oval of the circuit in order to make use of it again. Therefore, during the months, the oval circuit undergo refurbishment and an important The original oval circuit had rather shallow banking in of its corners. Monza already had a for being an ultra-fast circuit. a great deal of focus be put into the oval evolution in to maintain the circuit’s already average speeds. Thus, it be decided to make both of the oval steeply-banked. This ensure drivers would be to keep their foot to the floor going around the ends of the circuit. So, heading the 1955 edition of the Italian Prix, teams and drivers find the old 6.2 mile beast and waiting.

Aware of the changes to the Mercedes would still out all of the stops and would model an of the previous season’s streamlined Just one would be produced and it be Juan Manuel Fangio would be given the honor of to the wheel. Stirling Moss also be handed a streamlined it was just one of the older models during the 1954 season. on going out on top, Mercedes bring four cars to Besides Fangio and Moss, Kling would take to the of one of the open-wheeled W196s as would Taruffi.

Upon arriving at Mercedes would find a threat from Scuderia Lancia’s financial woes make the potent D50s for sale. Enzo Ferrari move on the opportunity and the D50s be rebranded Lancia-Ferraris. On home and with the presence of the other Italian grand prix Maserati, Mercedes could one tough fight during the Italian Grand Prix.

even with the purchase of the by Ferrari, and the presence of Maserati, would appear unbeatable practice. Behind the wheel of the streamlined W196, Fangio turn the fastest lap of the 6.2 mile Completing a lap in 2:46.5 at an average of 134 mph, Fangio power his way to yet pole. Not surprisingly, Moss start right alongside his having posted a time three-tenths of a second slower.

If was intent on going out of motor on top, then the team’s in practice would only add to confidence. While a perfect would have included a in each of the first four on the grid, the team’s performance in would be close to perfect. Kling would make there would be at least one clean sweep of the front row by the final starting spot on the row. Piero Taruffi struggle, compared to his fellow but still, would perform putting his Mercedes on the fourth row in the 9th

Though already a bittersweet the Mercedes Silver Arrows take to the grid for the final in Formula One. Still, the Italian sunshine and warmth make it a truly memorable for just about everyone including teams, drivers and

The excitement would begin to amongst the passionate Italian Eager to cheer on their machines against the German the Italian threat would be to a fair degree with the when tire problems on the two would lead to Farina heavily during practice. problems would visit As a result, the Lancias would not part in the race. Therefore, having a large number of and Ferraris in the field, it seemed an almost impossible proposition to victory away from the Mercedes. And that is just how wanted it.

The three Silver would come to life, to lead the field from the row of the grid. At the start, it would be that would get the better off the line. Moss may have the advantage off the line, but by the end of the first lap it be Fangio in the lead just of Moss. Piero Taruffi start the race much down in the field than the of his teammates. However, right the start of the race, Taruffi be on the move. And, by the end of the first it would be Taruffi right Moss with Kling it a Mercedes one-two-three-four.

The power of the engine would lead to the Silver Arrows pulling from the rest of the field. would lead the way over After a few laps, Taruffi give way to Kling, but it would be all Mercedes at the front of the field.

Mercedes would be running at the front of the field, there be a number of entries that find themselves out of the race early on. Ken Wharton wouldn’t complete a single lap before sidelined his effort. The second of the driven by Harry Schell, last just 7 laps rear suspension failure the whole thing to an end for the team. after these early things would go quiet for a while.

Following along Fangio, but having finally glory, Moss would be hard to make it two-straight and to end his short time with on the highest of highs. He would do all he could. On the 21st lap of the race he turn the fastest lap with a just a tenth slower his own qualifying effort. This put tremendous pressure on Fangio right in front of him on the circuit. all of the pressure would end up falling on engine as he would find his with Mercedes-Benz come to a conclusion on the 27th lap of the race as the expired in his W196.

Luigi and Mike Hawthorn would all Moss out of the running. However, Kling would also problems and would be forced out of the when his gearbox failed. All of a the four-car Mercedes Juggernaut to be falling apart. But, Fangio in charge at the head of the it would take something catastrophic for victory to be snatched Mercedes’ hands.

Averaging a more than 128 mph, would keep everyone at bay and even leave a good of the field behind over the of the 50 lap race. By the end, just the top would remain on the lead and, Jean Behra, in 4th place, would find nearly four minutes coming in to the final lap of the race.

Moss and Kling would foul of attrition, Taruffi survive the gauntlet. And, as the two Silver Arrows set off on the final lap of the Fangio would slow the a little to let Taruffi draw Coming around the Parabolica for the time, not only for the race but for grand prix career, would lead home a one-two with Taruffi an absolutely delightful 2nd place. Castellotti would have the of saving Italian honor as he complete the podium finishing the some 46 seconds behind.

It be another absolutely dominating by Mercedes, but its last wouldn’t be its Though Mercedes wouldn’t be at any point during the race, it be far from the dominant performance the and many others, expected. The and prayer was that it would been a line abreast with all four cars the line at the end. Still, a finish would be something even up to present day, look down upon. But was the expectation Mercedes and everyone had in 1955. It had been a completely performance by the team all season and a 1st through 4th just would been the best way for the team to departed the scene.

Fangio one more victory for the team certainly suffice. The scene of a Taruffi would only everything better. It had been as usual, and the Mercedes team even the Italian faithful one last glimpse of the mighty Arrows in all its glory. It really be one of the best departures, and setting for a made by any team in Formula One Everyone had grown accustomed to the of the mighty Silver Arrows, as in the days leading up to World War II. But the world would say goodbye to the Arrows only to be say ‘hello’ to of destruction at the hand of the same the departure of Mercedes-Benz at the end of the 1955 would be nothing short of Therefore, the victory by Fangio, very business-like for the German would be one last fond and a great moment to reflect in future years.

Mercedes-Benz had to grand prix racing in just two years, would just about everything with the exception being at Monaco. Deflated slightly by the events at Le Mans, Mercedes it was time to move on. They had out on the mountaintop, stayed there the course of two years and would still up there. It couldn’t forever and that sad day in Le Mans be a terrible reminder of that fact.

But although Formula One had to an end for the team, there were a couple of other important races in which the team to add to their already impressive before setting off into the

At the hands of Stirling Moss and Fitch, Mercedes would the victory in the Tourist Trophy held at Dundrod in the middle of Not only would Moss and take the victory, but Fangio and would score 2nd place for the It would only get better for the manufacturer when a young von Trips and Andre Simon through to finish in 3rd place in the race.

Then, on the 16th of Stirling Moss, partnered Peter Collins, would his way to victory in the Targa Florio. The last endurance race for the would earn the same as the last Formula One race—victory.

It be one of the most successful periods in One history by any team. And because of names as Fangio and Moss, the season would go on to live in the as a sweet time for Formula It would also serve as important time in Fangio’s upon which other throughout the decades would be

There would be a few other throughout Formula One history would achieve some remarkable results over the of a single season. And while season marks may favor teams in Formula One history, of them would experience the two Mercedes-Benz would achieve 1954 and 1955. The plain and fact is this: other throughout history may have better results, but they didn’t achieve the kind of Mercedes did in just two years of in Formula One. Therefore, the team may have pulled out of One with heavy hearts, truly would not be the result of No, besides the obvious reasons, the would also be the result of having finally reached the top and nothing else to prove to

The 1954 and 1955 seasons be something special for Mercedes-Benz. would also be very times for Juan Manuel and Stirling Moss. Because of his World Championships, Fangio have more than a of statues made in his honor and at various venues all around the The scene: Fangio, with in hand, standing next to a W196.

And then there be Stirling Moss. Yes he would become the World Drivers’ but his famous victory in the British Prix at Aintree in 1955 forever be remembered in British racing lore. And, his close battle with and the achievements in sportscar racing, prove to everyone that he was world champion material.

times, teams will and work entire seasons for one top ten result, one podium or one victory. achievements in 1955 would be that it would define and careers for decades to come. It prove to be a benchmark in so many And, while some of the may prove beatable, the sheer of how easily and how fondly the season is and expounded upon only more evidence to just how it just might be to ever or overcome the memory of Mercedes-Benz

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www.silhouet.com/motorsport/archive/f1/nc/1954/1954.html#ber. Retrieved 2 2012.

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