biomimicry finding design inspiration in nature

16 Мар 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

the discipline of biomimicry takes its from the greek words meaning life and ‘mimesis’, to imitate.

as its name might biomimicry involves the study

of designs and mimicking them to human challenges. janine one of biomimicry’s pioneers defines it as, inspired by nature.’ an early

and example of this process is in the

invention of velcro. the product’s

george de mestral stumbled the idea by observing

how burrs to his dog’s fur and his clothing.

by mimicking the hooks of the burrs, he was able

to the product we now know as velcro.

this new field may seem scientific, it is of

great use and importance to designers.

biomimicry operates on the that in its 3.8 billion

year nature has already found to many

of the problems we are trying to based on the

ideas and designs nature has demonstrated to

be successful, is able to provide a wealth

of for those solving problems,

designers do everyday.

while the for this subject is relatively

the practise of biomimicry has been on for some

time. mankind has learned things from observing

species and adapting their for our own needs. look no further leonardo da vinci, who was

a big proponent of from nature and using it as a for inspiration. his sketchbooks are filled inventions that are closely to designs found in

the natural early inventors and engineers

turned to nature for ideas. the brothers and other

flight commonly observed birds. researchers and other science have also

been of biomimicry. by applying their

knowledge of nature and its inner

to other challenges and subjects, people are

able to make between human problems

and solutions that others

the science of biomicry was solidified in with the

book ‘biomimicry: inspired by design’ by

janine in this book, benyus

how biomimicry can be used by designers and

problem solvers to great since publishing

the book, has evolved the field even

in 1998, she co-founded the biomimicry which has consulted with firms, design studios and in order to equip creators and

with the lessons of biomimicry. the helps these organizations these lessons directly to work, creating new designs, and services that are

inspired by nature. on september 15,

the biomimicry guild formed a alliance with

the global firm HOK, to expand the

application of bio-inspired design

the firm’s projects.

looking at

biomimicry advocates looking at in new ways

to fully appreciate and how it can be used

to help solve this is achieved by looking at

as model, measure and mentor. as model means emulating forms, processes and

systems to human problems; this is the act of nature as measure means our

designs and solutions against of nature.

this involves if our current methods are as

efficient, and sustainable as those found in

nature as mentor implies a in our relationship

to nature. instead of like we are separate from

we need to accept that we are of it and we

should be behaving accordingly.

by our perspective on nature, biomimicry

to improve our world through that take advantage of ingenuity. these designs can

do on a number of levels. the most and

common type of biomimicry is the of nature’s

form or function. the of velcro is an obvious

example of emulating nature on the process

is another form of biomimicry, involves learning

from the way produces things or evolves.

the variety of biomimicry looks at systems.

this area how nature deals with like

waste and regeneration closed-loop lifecycles.

these areas of investigation combine to

a holistic picture of nature’s and can be directly applied to our human

application in design

biomimicry innovators and problem solvers of

all to create more intelligent and

design through the emulation of designers

and architects are poised to greatly from the integration of in their design process. this, the biomimicry community

a process created especially for

‘the design spiral’ is a which helps ‘biologize a

query the natural world for

then evaluate to ensure the final design mimics

at all levelsform, process, and ecosystem.’

design process will not help designers

integrate biomimicry into the design of their

projects, but covers the manufacturing process, and entire lifecycle of their

the spiral form was chosen to the

reiterative nature of the process.’

biomimicry in design can be done in two

proceeding from design to or going

from nature to the design to nature approach

by identifying a design problem and to

nature for a similar problem and this approach

is immediately to designers looking for inspiration. the database is helping make very

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simple to do as well, by examples of nature’s unique however, designers can also in reverse, applying biomimicry by nature and imagining human for nature’s designs.

the biomimicry

case studies

while of biomimicry abound, these case studies highlight examples in design. they the power of designs inspired by

and innovative solutions which it can

this new material takes from the gecko

lizard’s to climb vertical surfaces and upside down. ‘gecko is an adhesive which uses intermolecular attractive forces to be sticky at

the setae on the bottom of the feet. the material

was integrated a robot gecko at stanford named ‘stickybot’ to demonstrate the sticking

ability.

shinkansen bullet

travelling at over 200 miles per japan’s shinkansen

bullet is the fastest in the world. however the

design had one small problem: every time the

train out of a tunnel, it would produce an

a much quieter train. the also helped the train


go faster and use less energy.

bionic concept vehicle

mercedes-benz engineers were to design

and new aerodynamic concept car look underwater

to find in the form of fish. they on the ostracion cubicus, also as the boxfish. this fish

a new after the boxfish. their design had

an unusual form looked like a boxfish and

testing proved to have one of the co-efficient of

drag ever

eastgate centre

biomimicry can be used in the design of buildings

and infrastructure. the architecture firm

at modelled the eastgate centre complex

after the structure of a mound. the reason why

the chose to use termite mounds as was

its heating and cooling energy by 90% compared

to building of its size.

carpets

interface carpeting with the biomicry guild to

make their products sustainable.

their collaboration in the entropy carpet line.

whale power is a new design for a turbine which

takes its from whale fins. the

aerodynamic study of the ridges on a flipper,

known as tubercles, found that they

effect

researcher wilhelm was intrigued with certain

species, such as the lotus, manage to remain

free of without using detergents.

his research, barthlott discovered leaves possess a field of bumps and waxy crystals

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