C130_Hercules/RK=0 iPhone/Mobile Wikipedia

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Royon e63 240 320

C-130 Hercules

The Lockheed Hercules is a four-engine turboprop transport aircraft built by Capable of takeoffs and landings unprepared runways. the C-130 was designed as a troop, medical and cargo transport aircraft. The airframe has found uses in a of other roles, including as a for airborne assault. search and scientific research support, reconnaissance, aerial refueling. patrol and aerial firefighting. It is the tactical airlifter for many forces worldwide. Over 40 and variants of the Hercules serve more than 50 nations.

its years of service the Hercules has participated in countless military, and humanitarian aid operations. The family has the continuous production run of any military in history. In 2007, the C-130 the fifth aircraft—after the English Canberra. B-52 Stratofortress. Tu-95. and KC-135 Stratotanker —to 50 years of continuous use with its primary customer, in this the United States Air Force. The is also the only military to remain in continuous production for 50 with its original customer, as the C-130J Super Hercules .

Background and requirements

The Korean which began in June showed that World War II transports—C-119 Flying Boxcars. Skytrains and C-46 Commandos inadequate for modern warfare. on 2 February 1951, the United Air Force issued a General Requirement (GOR) for a new transport to Douglas. Fairchild. Lockheed. Chase Aircraft. North Northrop. and Airlifts Inc. The new would have a capacity for 92 72 combat troops or 64 paratroopers, a of. takeoff capability from and unprepared strips, and the ability to fly one engine shut down.

North American, Martin and declined to participate. The remaining companies tendered a total of ten Lockheed two, Boeing Chase three, Douglas Airlifts Inc. one. The was a close affair between the of the two Lockheed (preliminary project L-206) proposals and a four-turboprop design.

The two YC-130 prototypes; the nose was replaced with on later production models.

The design team was led by Willis starting with a 130 page for the Lockheed L-206 . and another and heavier one. [1] Hall Lockheed vice president and engineer, saw the proposal and directed it to Johnson. who remarked when he saw the «»»»If you sign that you will destroy the Lockheed Both Hibbard and Johnson the proposal and the company won the contract for the Model 82 on 2 July 1951. [2]

The flight of the YC-130 prototype was on 23 August 1954 from the plant in Burbank. California. The serial number 53-3397 . was the prototype but the first of the two to fly. The was piloted by Stanley Beltz and Roy on its 61-minute flight to Edwards Air Base ; Jack Real and Stanton served as flight Kelly Johnson flew in a P2V Neptune. [3]


After the two prototypes completed, production began in Georgia. where more 2,300 C-130s have built. [4]

The initial production the C-130A . was powered by Allison T56 turboprops with three-blade Deliveries began in December continuing until the introduction of the model in 1959. Some A were re-designated C-130D being equipped with The newer C-130B had ailerons increased boost — 3,000 psi (21 versus 2,050 psi (14 MPa) — as as uprated engines and four-bladed that were standard the J-model’s introduction.


Mexican Air Force C-130A The production C-130s were as A-models, with deliveries to the Troop Carrier Wing at AFB. Oklahoma and the 314th Carrier Wing at Sewart Tennessee. Six additional squadrons assigned to the 322d Air Division in and the 315th Air Division in the Far East. airplanes were modified for intelligence work and assigned to Air Base. Germany while RC-130As were assigned to the Air Transport Service (MATS) division. Airplanes equipped giant skis were as C-130Ds, but were essentially except for the conversion. As the C-130A operational with Tactical Air (TAC), the airplane’s lack of became apparent and additional capacity was added in the form of pylon-mounted tanks at the end of the wings. The continued in service through the War. where the airplanes to the four squadrons at Naha AB. and one at Tachikawa Air Base. Japan yeoman’s service, including highly classified special missions such as the BLIND BAT mission and FACT SHEET mission over Laos and Vietnam. The A-model was also to the South Vietnamese Air Force as of the Vietnamization program at the end of the war, and three squadrons based at Tan Son AFB. Last operator in the is the Honduran Air Force which is flying one of five A model

C-130B model

The C-130B was developed to complement the A-models had previously been delivered,and new features, particularly increased capacity in the form of auxiliary built into the center section and an AC electrical system. Hamilton Standard propellers the Aero Product three-bladed that distinguished the earlier B-models replaced A-models in the and 463rd Troop Carrier During the Vietnam War four assigned to the 463rd Troop Airlift Wing based at and Mactan Air Fields in the Philippines used primarily for tactical operations in South Vietnam. In the of 1969 463rd crews COMMANDO VAULT bombing dropping M-121 10,000 lb kg) bombs to clear «»»»instant for helicopters. As the Vietnam War wound the 463rd B-models and A-models of the Tactical Airlift Wing transferred back to the United where most were to Air Force Reserve and Air National units. Another prominent for the B-model was with the United Marine Corps. where initially designated as GV-1s C-119s. After Air Force proved the type’s usefulness in the US Navy purchased a number of equipped with skis were designated as LC-130s. An reconnaissance variant of the C-130B was C-130B-II. 13 aircraft were and operated under the SUN VALLEY name. They were primarily from Yokota Air Japan. All reverted to standard cargo aircraft after replacement in the reconnaissance role by aircraft. The C-130B-II was distinguished by its external wing fuel which were disguised intelligence (SIGINT) receiver These pods were larger than the standard tanks found on other Most aircraft featured a blade antenna on the upper as well as extra wire between the vertical fin and upper not found on other C-130s. call numbers on the tail of aircraft were regularly so as to confuse observers and disguise true mission.

C-130E model

The extended C-130E model entered in 1962 after it was developed as an long-range transport for the Military Air Service. Essentially a B-model, the new was the result of the installation of 1,360 US gal l) Sargent Fletcher external tanks under each (mid-section) and more powerful T-56-A-7A turboprops. The E model featured structural improvements, upgrades and a higher gross

C-130F / KC-130F / C-130G

The KC-130 tankers. originally s procured for the US Marine Corps in 1958 (under the designation ) are equipped with a removable US gal (13,626 l) stainless steel tank carried inside the compartment. The two wing-mounted hose and aerial refueling pods transfer up to 300 US gal per minute (19 l per second) to two simultaneously, allowing for rapid times of multiple-receiver aircraft (a typical tanker formation of aircraft in less than 30 The US Navy ‘s C-130G has structural strength allowing gross weight operation.


The C-130H model has updated T56-A-15 turboprops, a redesigned wing. updated avionics and minor improvements. Later H had a new, fatigue-life-improved, center that was retro-fitted to many H-models. The H model remains in use with the US Air Force (USAF) and foreign air forces. Initial began in 1964 (to the RNZAF ), in production until 1996. An C-130H was introduced in 1974.

The States Coast Guard the HC-130H for long range and rescue, drug interdiction, migrant patrols, homeland and logistics.

From 1992 to the C-130H was described as a C-130H3 by the The 3 denoting the third variation in for the H series. Improvements included a glass cockpit (ADI and HSI a more capable APN-241 radar, night vision compatible instrument lighting and an electrical system using Bus Units to provide ‘clean’ to the more sensitive upgraded

C-130K model

The equivalent for export to the UK is the C-130K . known by the Air Force (RAF) as the Hercules C.1 . The ( Hercules C.3 in RAF service) is a stretched of the original Hercules, achieved by a 100 in (2.54 m) plug aft of the cockpit and an 80 in m) plug at the rear of the fuselage. A C-130K was purchased by the Met Office for use by its Research Flight, where it was as the Hercules W.2 . This aircraft was modified (with its most feature being the long red and striped atmospheric probe on the and the move of the weather radar a pod above the forward fuselage). aircraft, named Snoopy . was in 2001 and was then modified by of Cambridge Aerospace as flight-test bed for turbine, the TP400. The C-130K is by the RAF Falcons for parachute drops. C-130K (Hercules C Mk.1P) upgraded and sold to the Austrian Air in 2002. [5]

Later C-130 & variants

The HC-130P/N is range search and rescue used by the USAF (to include the Air Reserve Command and the Air National ) that was developed from the HC-130P. Equipped for deep of Pararescuemen (PJs), survival and aerial refueling of combat helicopters, HC-130s are usually the command aircraft for combat SAR Early versions were with the Fulton surface-to-air system. designed to pull a off the ground using a wire from a helium balloon. The Wayne movie The Green features its use. The Fulton was later removed when refueling of helicopters proved and more versatile. The movie The Storm depicts a real SAR mission involving aerial of a New York Air National Guard by a New York Air National Guard

The C-130R and C-130T are US Navy and models, both equipped underwing external fuel The USN C-130T is similar, but has additional improvements. In both models, are equipped with Allison engines. The USMC versions are KC-130R or KC-130T when with underwing refueling and pylons and are fully night system compatible.

The RC-130 is a version. A single example is by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air the aircraft having originally sold to the former Imperial Air Force .

The Lockheed L-100 is a civilian variant, equivalent to a model without military The L-100 also has 2 stretched

Next generation

In the 1970s, proposed a C-130 variant turbofan engines rather turboprops, but the US Air Force preferred the performance of the existing aircraft. In the the C-130 was intended to be replaced by the Medium STOL Transport The project was canceled and the C-130 has in production.

In the 1990s, the improved Super Hercules was developed by (later Lockheed Martin). model is the newest version and the model in production. Externally to the classic Hercules in general the J model has new turboprop engines, propellers, digital avionics, and new systems.

Mersedes c 130

Operational history

A deploying flares, sometimes to as Angel Flares due to the characteristic USMC KC-130F Hercules takeoffs and landings aboard the carrier in 1963. This is currently on display at the National of Naval Aviation .

The Hercules the record for the largest and heaviest to land on an aircraft carrier. [6] In and November 1963, a USMC (BuNo 149798), bailed to the US Air Test Center, made 29 landings. 21 unarrested full-stop and 21 unassisted take-offs on the USS Forrestal at a of different weights. [7] The pilot, LT RADM) James Flatley USN, was awarded the Distinguished Cross for his role in this series. The tests were successful, but the idea was considered too for routine «»»»Carrier Onboard «»»» (COD) operations. the C-2 Greyhound was developed as a dedicated COD The Hercules used in the test, recently in service with Aerial Refueler Squadron 352 ) until 2005, is now part of the of the National Museum of Naval at NAS Pensacola. Florida .

While the C-130 is involved in and resupply operations daily, it has a part of some notable operations:

The AC-130 also the record for the longest sustained by a C-130. From 22 October to 24 1997, two AC-130U gunships 36.0 hours nonstop Hurlburt Field Florida to (Daegu), South Korea being refueled 7 times by tanker aircraft. This flight shattered the previous longest flight by over 10 while the 2 gunships took on of The gunship has been used in major U.S. combat since Vietnam, except for Eldorado Canyon. the 1986 on Libya. [8]

The MC-130 Combat variant carries and deploys the the largest conventional bombs in the the BLU-82 «»»»Daisy Cutter»»»» and Massive Ordnance Air Blast also known as the MOAB. Cutters were used the Vietnam War to clear landing for helicopters and to eliminate minefields and recently even been for anti-personnel use. The weight and of the weapons make it impossible or to load them on conventional The GBU-43/B MOAB is a successor to the and can perform the same function, as as perform strike functions hardened targets in a low air threat

In the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. the Pakistan Air modified/improvised several aircraft for use as bombers, and attacks were on enemy bridges and troop with some notable No aircraft were lost in the though one was slightly damaged. [9]

It was used in the 1976 Entebbe in which Israeli commando carried a surprise assault to 103 passengers of an airliner hijacked by and German terrorists at Entebbe Uganda. The rescue force — 200 jeeps, and a black Mercedes-Benz to resemble Ugandan Dictator Idi ‘s vehicle of state) — was from Israel to Entebbe by Israeli Air Force (IAF) aircraft without mid-air (on the way back, the planes refueled in Kenya ).

During the Falklands War () of Argentine Air Force C-130s highly dangerous, daily night flights as blockade to the Argentine garrison on the Falkland They also performed maritime survey flights. One was during the war. Argentina operated two KC-130s tankers the war, and these refueled the Skyhawk and Navy Super which sank 6 British The British also used C-130s to support their operations.

During the Gulf War of (Operation Desert Storm), the Hercules was used operationally by the US Air US Navy and US Marine Corps, with the air forces of Australia, New Saudi Arabia, South and the UK.

During the invasion of Afghanistan in and the ongoing support of the International Assistance Force (Operation Freedom), the C-130 Hercules has operationally by Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, the New Zealand, Norway, South Spain, the UK and the United States.

the 2003 invasion of Iraq Iraqi Freedom), the C-130 has been used operationally by the UK and the United States. After the invasion, C-130 operators as of the Multinational force in Iraq their C-130s to support forces in Iraq.

One RAF C-130 was down on 30 January 2005, an Iraqi insurgent brought it firing with a ZU-23 artillery gun while the plane was at 164 ft (50 m) after it had dropped SAS special paratroopers. [10]

USMC Fat Albert USMC C-130T Fat at Janesville WI AirFest 2009

A C-130T aircraft is Fat Albert . the aircraft for the US Navy Blue flight demonstration team. Fat Albert supports a Navy it is operated by the US Marine Corps and its crew consists solely of personnel. At some air shows the team, Fat Albert takes performing flyovers and sometimes its jet-assisted takeoff (JATO)

On 2 September 2009, Bloomberg reported that the planned to the older C-130s would be to provide more funds for the CV-22 and airborne tanker programs. [11]


In the late 1980s, 22 retired C-130As were removed storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force and transferred to the U.S. Forest who then sold them to six companies to be converted into for use in fighting wildfires (see Forest Service airtanker ). After one of these aircraft due to wing separation in flight as a of fatigue stress cracking, the fleet of C-130A airtankers was grounded in 2004. (See airtanker crashes .) On one occasion, an RAF was used to transport a Sumatran Rhino from Indonesia to Lymne Zoo in East Sussex. UK to part in a breeding program.

Royon e63 240 320
Mersedes c 130
Royon e63 240 320
Mersedes c 130
Royon e63 240 320
Mersedes c 130


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