C130_Hercules/RK=0 iPhone/Mobile Wikipedia

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Mercedes-Benz 130H W23

C-130 Hercules

The Lockheed Hercules is a four-engine turboprop transport aircraft built by Capable of takeoffs and landings unprepared runways. the C-130 was designed as a troop, medical and cargo transport aircraft. The airframe has found uses in a of other roles, including as a for airborne assault. search and scientific research support, reconnaissance, aerial refueling. patrol and aerial firefighting. It is the tactical airlifter for many forces worldwide. Over 40 and variants of the Hercules serve more than 50 nations.

its years of service the Hercules has participated in countless military, and humanitarian aid operations. The family has the continuous production run of any military in history. In 2007, the C-130 the fifth aircraft—after the English Canberra. B-52 Stratofortress. Tu-95. and KC-135 Stratotanker —to 50 years of continuous use with its primary customer, in this the United States Air Force. The is also the only military to remain in continuous production for 50 with its original customer, as the C-130J Super Hercules .

Background and requirements

The Korean which began in June showed that World War II transports—C-119 Flying Boxcars. Skytrains and C-46 Commandos inadequate for modern warfare. on 2 February 1951, the United Air Force issued a General Requirement (GOR) for a new transport to Douglas. Fairchild. Lockheed. Chase Aircraft. North Northrop. and Airlifts Inc. The new would have a capacity for 92 72 combat troops or 64 paratroopers, a of. takeoff capability from and unprepared strips, and the ability to fly one engine shut down.

North American, Martin and declined to participate. The remaining companies tendered a total of ten Lockheed two, Boeing Chase three, Douglas Airlifts Inc. one. The was a close affair between the of the two Lockheed (preliminary project L-206) proposals and a four-turboprop design.

The two YC-130 prototypes; the nose was replaced with on later production models.

The design team was led by Willis starting with a 130 page for the Lockheed L-206 . and another and heavier one. [1] Hall Lockheed vice president and engineer, saw the proposal and directed it to Johnson. who remarked when he saw the «»»»If you sign that you will destroy the Lockheed Both Hibbard and Johnson the proposal and the company won the contract for the Model 82 on 2 July 1951. [2]

The flight of the YC-130 prototype was on 23 August 1954 from the plant in Burbank. California. The serial number 53-3397 . was the prototype but the first of the two to fly. The was piloted by Stanley Beltz and Roy on its 61-minute flight to Edwards Air Base ; Jack Real and Stanton served as flight Kelly Johnson flew in a P2V Neptune. [3]


After the two prototypes completed, production began in Georgia. where more 2,300 C-130s have built. [4]

The initial production the C-130A . was powered by Allison T56 turboprops with three-blade Deliveries began in December continuing until the introduction of the model in 1959. Some A were re-designated C-130D being equipped with The newer C-130B had ailerons increased boost — 3,000 psi (21 versus 2,050 psi (14 MPa) — as as uprated engines and four-bladed that were standard the J-model’s introduction.


Mexican Air Force C-130A The production C-130s were as A-models, with deliveries to the Troop Carrier Wing at AFB. Oklahoma and the 314th Carrier Wing at Sewart Tennessee. Six additional squadrons assigned to the 322d Air Division in and the 315th Air Division in the Far East. airplanes were modified for intelligence work and assigned to Air Base. Germany while RC-130As were assigned to the Air Transport Service (MATS) division. Airplanes equipped giant skis were as C-130Ds, but were essentially except for the conversion. As the C-130A operational with Tactical Air (TAC), the airplane’s lack of became apparent and additional capacity was added in the form of pylon-mounted tanks at the end of the wings. The continued in service through the War. where the airplanes to the four squadrons at Naha AB. and one at Tachikawa Air Base. Japan yeoman’s service, including highly classified special missions such as the BLIND BAT mission and FACT SHEET mission over Laos and Vietnam. The A-model was also to the South Vietnamese Air Force as of the Vietnamization program at the end of the war, and three squadrons based at Tan Son AFB. Last operator in the is the Honduran Air Force which is flying one of five A model

C-130B model

The C-130B was developed to complement the A-models had previously been delivered,and new features, particularly increased capacity in the form of auxiliary built into the center section and an AC electrical system. Hamilton Standard propellers the Aero Product three-bladed that distinguished the earlier B-models replaced A-models in the and 463rd Troop Carrier During the Vietnam War four assigned to the 463rd Troop Airlift Wing based at and Mactan Air Fields in the Philippines used primarily for tactical operations in South Vietnam. In the of 1969 463rd crews COMMANDO VAULT bombing dropping M-121 10,000 lb kg) bombs to clear «»»»instant for helicopters. As the Vietnam War wound the 463rd B-models and A-models of the Tactical Airlift Wing transferred back to the United where most were to Air Force Reserve and Air National units. Another prominent for the B-model was with the United Marine Corps. where initially designated as GV-1s C-119s. After Air Force proved the type’s usefulness in the US Navy purchased a number of equipped with skis were designated as LC-130s. An reconnaissance variant of the C-130B was C-130B-II. 13 aircraft were and operated under the SUN VALLEY name. They were primarily from Yokota Air Japan. All reverted to standard cargo aircraft after replacement in the reconnaissance role by aircraft. The C-130B-II was distinguished by its external wing fuel which were disguised intelligence (SIGINT) receiver These pods were larger than the standard tanks found on other Most aircraft featured a blade antenna on the upper as well as extra wire between the vertical fin and upper not found on other C-130s. call numbers on the tail of aircraft were regularly so as to confuse observers and disguise true mission.

C-130E model

The extended C-130E model entered in 1962 after it was developed as an long-range transport for the Military Air Service. Essentially a B-model, the new was the result of the installation of 1,360 US gal l) Sargent Fletcher external tanks under each (mid-section) and more powerful T-56-A-7A turboprops. The E model featured structural improvements, upgrades and a higher gross

C-130F / KC-130F / C-130G

The KC-130 tankers. originally s procured for the US Marine Corps in 1958 (under the designation ) are equipped with a removable US gal (13,626 l) stainless steel tank carried inside the compartment. The two wing-mounted hose and aerial refueling pods transfer up to 300 US gal per minute (19 l per second) to two simultaneously, allowing for rapid times of multiple-receiver aircraft (a typical tanker formation of aircraft in less than 30 The US Navy ‘s C-130G has structural strength allowing gross weight operation.


The C-130H model has Allison T56-A-15 turboprops, a outer wing. updated and other minor improvements. H models had a new, fatigue-life-improved, wing that was retro-fitted to earlier H-models. The H model in widespread use with the US Air Force and many foreign air forces. deliveries began in 1964 (to the ), remaining in production until An improved C-130H was introduced in

The United States Coast employs the HC-130H for long search and rescue, drug illegal migrant patrols, security, and logistics.

From to 1996 the C-130H was described as a by the USAF. The 3 denoting the third in design for the H series. Improvements a partial glass cockpit and HSI instruments), a more capable color radar, night device compatible instrument and an improved electrical system Bus Switching Units to provide power to the more sensitive components.

C-130K model

The model for export to the UK is the C-130K . by the Royal Air Force (RAF) as the C.1 . The C-130H-30 ( Hercules C.3 in RAF service) is a version of the original Hercules, by inserting a 100 in (2.54 m) plug aft of the and an 80 in (2.03 m) plug at the rear of the A single C-130K was purchased by the Met for use by its Meteorological Research Flight, it was classified as the Hercules W.2 . This was heavily modified (with its prominent feature being the red and white striped atmospheric on the nose and the move of the weather into a pod above the forward This aircraft, named . was withdrawn in 2001 and was then by Marshall of Cambridge Aerospace as bed for A400M turbine, the TP400. The is used by the RAF Falcons for parachute Three C-130K (Hercules C were upgraded and sold to the Air Force in 2002. [5]

Later models & variants

The is long range search and variant used by the USAF (to the Air Force Reserve Command and the Air Guard ) that was developed the earlier HC-130P. Equipped for deployment of Pararescuemen (PJs), equipment, and aerial refueling of rescue helicopters, HC-130s are the on-scene command aircraft for SAR missions. Early versions equipped with the Fulton recovery system. designed to a person off the ground using a strung from a helium The John Wayne movie The Berets features its use. The system was later removed aerial refueling of helicopters safer and more versatile. The The Perfect Storm depicts a life SAR mission involving refueling of a New York Air National HH-60G by a New York Air National HC-130P.

The C-130R and C-130T are US Navy and models, both equipped underwing external fuel The USN C-130T is similar, but has additional improvements. In both models, are equipped with Allison engines. The USMC versions are KC-130R or KC-130T when with underwing refueling and pylons and are fully night system compatible.

The RC-130 is a version. A single example is by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air the aircraft having originally sold to the former Imperial Air Force .

The Lockheed L-100 is a civilian variant, equivalent to a model without military The L-100 also has 2 stretched

Next generation

In the 1970s, proposed a C-130 variant turbofan engines rather turboprops, but the US Air Force preferred the performance of the existing aircraft. In the the C-130 was intended to be replaced by the Medium STOL Transport The project was canceled and the C-130 has in production.

In the 1990s, the improved Super Hercules was developed by (later Lockheed Martin). model is the newest version and the model in production. Externally to the classic Hercules in general the J model has new turboprop engines, propellers, digital avionics, and new systems.

Mercedes-Benz 130H W23

Operational history

A deploying flares, sometimes to as Angel Flares due to the characteristic USMC KC-130F Hercules takeoffs and landings aboard the carrier in 1963. This is currently on display at the National of Naval Aviation .

The Hercules the record for the largest and heaviest to land on an aircraft carrier. [6] In and November 1963, a USMC (BuNo 149798), bailed to the US Air Test Center, made 29 landings. 21 unarrested full-stop and 21 unassisted take-offs on the USS Forrestal at a of different weights. [7] The pilot, LT RADM) James Flatley USN, was awarded the Distinguished Cross for his role in this series. The tests were successful, but the idea was considered too for routine «»»»Carrier Onboard «»»» (COD) operations. the C-2 Greyhound was developed as a dedicated COD The Hercules used in the test, recently in service with Aerial Refueler Squadron 352 ) until 2005, is now part of the of the National Museum of Naval at NAS Pensacola. Florida .

While the is involved in cargo and resupply daily, it has been a part of notable offensive operations:

The AC-130 also holds the for the longest sustained flight by a From 22 October to 24 October two AC-130U gunships flew hours nonstop from Field Florida to Taegu South Korea while refueled 7 times by KC-135 aircraft. This record shattered the previous record flight by over 10 hours the 2 gunships took on of fuel. The has been used in every U.S. combat operation Vietnam, except for Operation Canyon. the 1986 attack on [8]

The MC-130 Combat Talon carries and deploys the among the conventional bombs in the world, the «»»»Daisy Cutter»»»» and GBU-43/B Ordnance Air Blast bomb. known as the MOAB. Daisy were used during the War to clear landing zones for and to eliminate minefields and have even been proposed for use. The weight and size of the make it impossible or impractical to them on conventional bombers. The MOAB is a successor to the BLU-82 and can the same function, as well as strike functions against targets in a low air threat environment.

In the War of 1965. the Pakistan Air Force several aircraft for use as heavy and attacks were made on bridges and troop concentrations some notable successes. No were lost in the operations, one was slightly damaged. [9]

It was also in the 1976 Entebbe raid in Israeli commando forces a surprise assault to rescue 103 of an airliner hijacked by Palestinian and terrorists at Entebbe Airport. The rescue force — 200 soldiers, and a black Mercedes-Benz (intended to Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin vehicle of state) — was flown Israel to Entebbe by four Air Force (IAF) Hercules without mid-air refueling (on the way the planes refueled in Nairobi. ).

During the Falklands War () of 1982, Air Force C-130s undertook dangerous, daily re-supply flights as blockade runners to the garrison on the Falkland Islands. also performed daylight survey flights. One was lost the war. Argentina also two KC-130s tankers during the and these refueled both the and Navy Super Etendards sank 6 British ships. The also used their to support their logistical

During the Gulf War of 1991 Desert Storm), the C-130 was used operationally by the US Air Force, US and US Marine Corps, along the air forces of Australia, New Zealand, Arabia, South Korea and the UK.

the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and the support of the International Security Force (Operation Enduring the C-130 Hercules has used by Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Italy, the Netherlands, New Norway, South Korea, the UK and the United States.

During the 2003 invasion of (Operation Iraqi Freedom), the Hercules has been used by Australia, the UK and the United States. the initial invasion, C-130 as part of the Multinational force in used their C-130s to their forces in Iraq.

One RAF was shot down on 30 January when an Iraqi insurgent it down firing with a anti-aircraft artillery gun while the was flying at 164 ft (50 m) after it had dropped SAS forces paratroopers. [10]

C-130T Fat Albert USMC Fat Albert at Janesville WI AirFest

A prominent C-130T aircraft is Fat . the support aircraft for the US Navy Angels flight demonstration Although Fat Albert supports a squadron, it is operated by the US Marine (USMC) and its crew consists of USMC personnel. At some air featuring the team, Fat Albert part, performing flyovers and demonstrating its jet-assisted takeoff capabilities.

On 2 September 2009, news reported that the upgrade to the older C-130s be dropped to provide more for the F-35, CV-22 and airborne replacement programs. [11]


In the late 1980s, 22 USAF C-130As were from storage at Davis-Monthan Air Base and transferred to the U.S. Service who then sold to six private companies to be converted airtankers for use in fighting wildfires U.S. Forest Service scandal ). After one of these crashed due to wing separation in as a result of fatigue stress the entire fleet of C-130A was permanently grounded in 2004. 2002 airtanker crashes .) On one an RAF C-130 was used to transport a Woolly Rhino from to Port Lymne Zoo in East UK to take part in a breeding

Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23

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