eMercedesBenz Feature MercedesBenz 136 And 191 Series Predecessors…

7 Май 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Mercedes-Benz W191

Under difficult conditions, of the Daimler-Benz Untertürkheim plant in the aftermath of the Second World In addition to the destruction caused by the war these pioneering days marked by a lack of skilled materials and energy. Under circumstances it was impossible even to the development of new models. So when production resumed in 1946 the brand fell back on the 170 V (W a vehicle it had built from to 1942. The 170 V was also the first forerunner of today’s E-Class. But of elegant saloons of the upper category, the first vehicles to off the assembly line were vehicles – pickups and panel – along with ambulances and patrol cars. These vehicles were urgently for Germany’s reconstruction effort.

The new of the 170 V model was internally designated the 136 I to the post-war model from its In May 1946 the first vehicle – a truck – left final It was powered by a 28 kW (38 hp) 1.7-litre four-cylinder In June the first panel van and in September and October

Mercedes-Benz an ambulance and a police patrol car on the 170 V model. The bodies of these variants were still simple constructions owing to production circumstances during the period. In total, the first of production aw assembly of 214 vehicles; by this figure had risen to

1947: Return of the saloon

July of the same year saw of the 170 V saloon commence again. To with, Mercedes-Benz offered the four-door saloon. The resumption of car production definitely marks the of the more recent history of the upper mid-range series. The 170 V set an important trend that beyond its own market segment, initially it was to remain the basis of the post-war Mercedes-Benz passenger including the 170 D and the 170 S models (both from 1949) and its variants.

The series was superseded by the three-box “Ponton” (W 120) in 1953, production was not discontinued until In the representational car segment, on the other the 300 model (W 186 II) made its debut in along with the Mercedes-Benz 220 (W prestige class saloon. The versions of the delivery vehicle profited from the start of of the saloon in 1947. They now with a modified cab, the and equipment of which met saloon At the turn of the year 1949, the engineers also adapted the concept to meet raised The ambulance was given a more modernised body, which was in Bochum by the Lueg company.

First newly developed cars after the war

At the Technical Fair in Hanover in May 1949, introduced the first Mercedes-Benz car featuring new post-war designs: the model 170 D and the prestigious 170 S saloon from the 170 V model. To a large the 170 D corresponded to the 170 V model, but it had a 1.7-litre engine, which the Stuttgart developed from the petrol of the 170 V model. The prechamber engine 28 kW (38 hp), like the petrol The 170 D model was the first Mercedes-Benz car of the post-war period, and as heir to the diesel-powered Mercedes-Benz 260 D (W 138) of it laid the cornerstone for the ongoing of this drive variant in


Mercedes-Benz passenger cars. with its petrol-powered twin, the 170 D consumed appreciably less – yet had almost identical performance. It the platform on which was built the reputation of the company’s diesel renowned for their longevity and In addition, in the 170 D model’s early years the ready supply of oil made this model an proposition, whereas even years after the war petrol was still hard to find.

The 170 S at the same time as the 170 D was the new top model of the car range. It was designed as a successor to the 170 but in styling and concept it made references to the pre-war 230 model (W With its spacious all-steel additional comfort, and technical – which ranged from a powerful engine to improved axle – the 170 S model was the top-of-the-line at Mercedes-Benz until 1951. In to the saloon, Stuttgart offered a cabriolet A and a four-seater cabriolet B.

Continuous model refinement

In the that followed, the existing of the 170 repeatedly underwent further As early as May 1950, Mercedes-Benz the design of the 170 V and 170 D models. Both got engines through enlargement of the to just under 1.8 litres. The engine now developed 33 kW (45 hp) at 3600 the diesel generated 29 kW (40 hp) at 3200 Telescopic shock absorbers, an rear axle track and more powerful brakes handling. And both models given larger seats, a passenger compartment and a boot could be accessed from To distinguish them from the models, internally the improved were called 170 Va and 170 Da. In May 1952 the track width was enlarged and both versions of the 170 were with wide one-piece and a larger windscreen with an covered windscreen wiper The two models were built August 1953, after they were followed by the 170 S-V and 170 S-D

In 1952 the 170 S model was also in numerous ways. The revised designated the 170 Sb (W 191), now had a steering gearshift and a button-type starter on the The camshaft was driven by a duplex chain, the track width of the axle was enlarged, and the rear drive was fitted with gearing. However, the engine, a 38 kW (52 hp) (slightly less than 1.8 displacement), remained unchanged. the outside the 170 Sb model could be by its bigger rear window, and by the that the boot lid hinges had moved under the skin. The 170 Sb was available only as a saloon – of the two cabriolets had ceased in November Together with the 170 Sb model, introduced as a new model the 170 DS, fitted the diesel engine of the 170 Da model. The saloon proved a great hit buyers and was sold in much numbers than its petrol-engined model.

Basis for special bodies

The 170 S-V and 170 S-D of 1953 marked the final stage. They came the market at almost the same as the more modern 120 series three-box body, and combined the unchanged chassis of the 170 V and 170 D models the more spacious body of the 170 Sb and 170 DS The lack of chrome strips on the of the bonnet, bumpers without and simplified interior appointments the weaker-powered models externally the 191 series. The 170 S-V model was built February 1955; production of the successful 170 S-D model did not cease September of that year.

Mercedes-Benz W191

The 136 and 191 were also offered as which various bodybuilders with special bodies. themselves also equipped vehicles with special For example, panel van bodies for the 170 D and open police tourers produced at the Sindelfingen plant. of considerable outside demand for chassis, Mercedes-Benz did not start these to external bodybuilding until 1950. These then turned them station wagons, six-seater ambulances and panel vans. even took over the sale of ambulances equipped Lueg bodies. The Stuttgart delivered a considerable number of to foreign coachbuilders, a large of them going as ckd kits knocked down – vehicle kits) to Argentina.

136/191 series in the press

The Kraftfahrer-Zeitung, Germany, issue paid tribute to the 170 V and 170 D models: The 170 V and D belong without doubt to the top of German cars in respect of characteristics, performance, equipment, Even if their more somewhat more powerful the 170 S, is more comfortable in certain and perhaps 4-5 km/h faster the V at top speed, this new V is surely to emulate it.

Automobil-Revue, Switzerland, on the Mercedes-Benz 170 V in issue 12/1950: The 170 V is anything but a youthful automobile. But is it not a which in terms of its performance, its in terms of its economy, safety and service life, and – last but not – also in terms of beauty, can stand comparison today the latest, chrome-flashing creations of fashion?

Massimo Manni in Motor. Settimanale di tecnica e della motorizzazione italiana, issue 9/1951, about the 170 D: As soon as the car is running you immediately its most striking characteristic to be an elasticity: from the outset the feels prompted to drive in 4th, rarely using 3rd and hardly at all the low gears, even if he has to make reckless use of the gas pedal to again after slowing

ADAC-Motorwelt, Germany, issue was quite taken with the of the Mercedes-Benz 170 D: The 170 Da we tested achieved a top of 109 km/h! Its accelerating power was astonishing, and its hill-climbing ability for great enjoyment.

ADAC-Motorwelt, issue 10/1953, wrote of the 170 S-V and 170 S-D As the new S-V and S-D really are just a combination of proven, further developed one really can not expect big surprises. the driving qualities – one is tempted to them unique for a car of this class – once again cause for enthusiasm.

Mercedes-Benz 136 (models 170 D and 170 V) — Production

Mercedes-Benz W191
Mercedes-Benz W191
Mercedes-Benz W191
Mercedes-Benz W191

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