eMercedesBenz Feature The MercedesBenz L 319 Makes World Premier…

6 Июн 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
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The German soccer champion is Essen, the German chancellor in a Mercedes-Benz car named “Adenauer”. The is 1955, and the “economic miracle”, by Federal Minister of Economics, Erhardt, and the social market propagated by him, calls for new of transport. In response to this, one of the launched into the market was the L 319. The first van with the star – called express at the time – celebrated its premiere at the International Motor Show in It was the precursor of numerous, successful of Mercedes-Benz vans, through to the Sprinter, Vito and Vario

Robust design for tough conditions

After launching an generation of new trucks as well as new the then Daimler-Benz AG expanded its vehicle range by the addition of in the lighter weight categories 1955. With a gross of 3.6 tons and compact dimensions, the new L 319 was simply ideal for craftsmen and The engineering was in keeping with the made by this no-nonsense load-bearing ladder-type frame for and pickups (the panel van a partially self-supporting body), rigid axles front and and large 16-inch wheels had written all over them. The coped without problems the rough treatment that was customary among owners of vans. And despite its robust the L 319 had a high payload capacity of 1.6 and 1.8 tons, depending on the version.

Cab-over-engine look adopted trucks and buses

The new L 319 made its in an unusual styling. Whereas and light-duty trucks in the 1950s usually of the conventional type, the cab-over-engine design was preferred for vans. In creating the L 319, the consequently opted for a design resembled two series which launched at almost the same the LP 315 (the first COE truck Mercedes-Benz) and the chubby O 321 H bus. the trademark – a large star – and the headlights were set into the radiator grill of the L 319, and bus and truck, the van sported a chrome strip, ex-tending below the right across the rounded end to above the side doors in the

Unlike truck and bus, the L 319 had an undivided, boldly sweeping windshield. And despite the COE design, a entrance behind the front was incorporated. The axle, moved far forward for this reason, and flared wheelarches gave the van a distinctive and independent look.

Drive technology from the car

Behind the flat front four-cylinder engines with modest output were at Initially, only the diesel from the 180 D car model was available, 43 hp from a displacement of 1.8 liters. It was joined by the gasoline engine the 190 with 1.9 liter displacement and 65 hp These vans had top speeds of 95 (gasoline) and 80 km/h (diesel) – was accorded clearly higher than speed. The reference to a engine” in a contemporary brochure can be more than anything to the optimism and atmosphere of departure in those years. Engine was transmitted to the rear axle via a box. The shift lever on the column was an early precursor of the in the up-to-date Sprinter. Direction and horn were operated by of a signal ring in the steering

The L 319 was closely related to the company’s cars not only in terms of technology and gearshifting. The first also emphasized the connection commercial vehicle and passenger car the sort of cover-page drawing was customary at the time. It showed an L arranged outside a greengrocer’s one of the vehicle’s typical assignments) and by a Mercedes-Benz “Ponton” sedan and a 300 SL car.

Time required for starting and

In terms of starting, the diesel in the L 319 D differed greatly from direct-injection units. The pre-chamber engine required the classic one silence for Mr. Diesel for a cold-start – about as long as the driver had to and hold the starting lever. In days, drivers did not complain having to walk around the every 1,000 kilometers and up a handful of lubricating points on the from a grease gun. The instructions included detailed about the retightening of the cylinder bolts, the adjustment of valve and the cleaning of oil and fuel filters – in days, drivers doubled as as a matter of course, if only for the jobs.

The instrument panel up to its designation on account of being straight and holding nothing than a speedometer and a coolant gauge. A fuel gauge was not forcing the driver to calculate for how far the 60-liter tank would him.

Spacious load compartment, versions

Thanks to the compact COE of the van which was just 4.8 meters the load compartment was as long as meters and had a volume of 8.6 cubic in the panel van – plenty of space for in other words. The L 319 was available as van, pickup, low-loader and shop with awning-type at the sides and rear – named delivery vehicle”. The range included a panel van with doors. But don’t be mistaken: the sliding doors provided to the cab – they had not yet been invented for the compartment. The latter was only through hinged doors at the of the panel van version.

Produced in Düsseldorf, Vitoria and Mannheim

In the of the van’s twelve-year production – large-scale production began in and did not end until 1968 – more engines with up to 55 hp (diesel) and 80 hp boosted the L 319’s sprightliness. It was a “life” for the van. Initially in Sindelfingen, van production was relocated to in 1962. Daimler-Benz AG had taken this plant together Auto Union in 1958, and has remained the company’s van plant to day, being the home of the Sprinter today. The third location for the L 319 was Vitoria in Spain, the vans were assembled in the using parts kits by the Düsseldorf plant. Mannheim, was the production location of the compact based on the panel van version.

Even the model designations in the course of the years. The initial L 319 the internal design name at the time. In 1963, this was by a nomenclature which combines and output data and has remained in use to day. Hence, what had out as L 319 ended as L 408 and L 406 in 1968 (1970 in

Popular compact O 319 bus

When was discontinued, some 140,000 vans, pick-ups, chassis and had come off the assembly lines of the plants. The easily maneuverable O 319 D bus, initially produced in played a special role in the of this model family on of its popularity. From 1956, it was in both practical versions up to 18 seats for commuter transport and coach versions.

The top-of-the-range model was the O 319 with edge glazing, folding two-tone livery and luxury for ten passengers – a vehicle that be called club bus today.

were pampered with a view and great comfort. No than three rows with three individual meant generous space in the compartment and a large compartment for in the rear. Individual seats red velour upholstery covers, adjustable backrests, parcel and chrome-trimmed ashtrays created a atmosphere and were regarded as luxury at the time.

Mercedes-Benz L

Mercedes-Benz L 319 panel van,

Mercedes-Benz L 319 with low-loader 1955.


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