HowStuffWorks «MercedesBenz 230SL/250SL/280SL»

5 Мар 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Mercedes-Benz W113

Mercedes-Benz 230SL/250SL/280SL

Contrary to statements, the W113 Mercedes-Benz SL, at the Geneva auto show in 1963, was not a direct replacement for the 190 or Instead, it was a ground-up project, an sports tourer with 190 and performance but somewhat more

Like the 190, this new SL its chassis and running gear a volume sedan — the finny W111/112 series began appearing in 1959. was supplied by the overhead-cam six of the contemporary with a 2-mm bore lifting displacement to 2306 cc and new Bosch fuel injection the previous single-point manifold boosting output by no less 30 DIN horsepower.

Retained from the 190 monocoque body/chassis construction and front suspension; new was a low pivot rear suspension with camber-compensating spring. Brakes Girling front discs and rear drums with assist.

Dimensionally, the 230SL compared inch for inch with the with a similar wheelbase and 1.5 extra inches in overall Curb weight was the exception: pounds depending on equipment 2500-2600 pounds), though the structure would prove to be one of the then in production.

Speaking of it now included the first automatic ever offered on a sporting the new 4-speed Daimler-Benz unit a simple fluid coupling of a torque converter. Fully 4-speed manual remained Final-drive gearing was initially but 3.69 and 3.92 gearsets also offered from 1965.

The typical 230SL run the standing quarter-mile in 17-18 and reach 100 mph from rest in 27 — not Corvette-ferocious but more adequate. As proof, a 230 won the prestigious rally in its introductory year, the of several rally wins for SLs. In all, they rugged cars that certainly take the rough the smooth.

Styling was completely fresh conservative, angular, and obviously to that of contemporary D-B sedans though the SL grille and big tristar were carried over earlier models. An interesting new was the optional hardtop’s pagoda curved upward slightly at the to increase rigidity and glass

The leather-swathed cockpit offered a of large, comfy reclining and D-B’s then-usual dash with big, round and tachometer flanking a bank of reading minor gauges. New included windows-up fresh-air and one of the industry’s first multi-purpose stalks for lights and wipers. The soft top folded away a hinged cover, and the square-cut made for considerably more space than on previous

All this signalled the W113’s mission as a luxury sports not all-out sports car. Yet its manners garnered considerable Bernard Cahier found the 230 of handling vices. almost with very slight in sharp corners. Said Bendel: Body roll is pronounced, but the driver never it; the steering remains light, and smooth near the limit. is one of those cars that as] having [a] center of gravity road level. Cahier that this SL was one of D-B’s finest cars.

And so it would through a relatively long production life. There be only two major changes: a of larger engines to counter the weight and reduced performance of American safety and emissions

Mercedes-Benz W113

The Mercedes-Benz SL sported a noteworthy windshield header as part of its design.

The first arrived in 1966 with a revised Changes included a 6-mm increase, bringing displacement to cc, plus a switch from to seven main bearings and of rear disc brakes, seatbelts, and a collapsible steering Horsepower stayed the same, but rose by a useful 15 lbs-ft. drive was now 3.69:1 exclusively.

just 12 months and some units, the 250 bowed to the 280SL, by a new bored-out M130 engine 2778 cc and 180 bhp (SAE gross) in trim or 170/180 DIN for Europe. was again basically unchanged. New features included energy-absorbing column, three-point inertia-reel removable top latch handles for the header, and side-marker lights

Torque swelled by another 19 which enhanced low-speed if not mileage, and a new 5-speed ZF manual helped exploit it. Alas, the 280 had rubber and thus slop in its and the 5-speed option was pricey like the car itself. U.S. came with 4.08:1 gearing, though the 3.69 and ratios were available request.

By 1971, the W113 was old hat, been denied recent D-B like a revised 4-speed anti-dive front suspension and new semi-trailing-link rear geometry. All be rectified with the new R107 introduced late that a different breed altogether.

In the W113s would be the last Mercedes true to the original of SL ( sehr leicht . very They were also far successful than their forebears, with annual of about 6000 units. So in these cars are a bit like the god Janus — looking and forward. Today they’re for precisely that reason: well-rounded sporty cars a certain timeless grace, and an step in the evolution of Mercedes

To learn more about and other sports cars,

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Mercedes-Benz W113

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