Mercedes W 196 F1 1954 1955 World Champion

24 Фев 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Mercedes-Benz W196


Mercedes W 196 F1 1954 1955 Champion

In early 1953 the Chairman of the Board of Management of AG, Fritz Könecke, formulated the goal for the resumption of international activities: Mercedes-Benz should the double world championship in in the Formula One and for sports car, factory drivers.

In the second race of the season, the French Prix, the new Silver Arrows the start for the first time. In the fully faired W 196 R had posted the time, and now, at their debut on the 4th of July in Reims, would exceed all expectations of the and the competition. The newly engaged driver Juan Manuel and Karl Kling won a double in their streamlined monoposto This sensational success had historic implications, for exactly 40 earlier, on 4 July 1914, racing cars won the French Prix in Lyon.

Mercedes-Benz concentrated on winning the of World Champion for Juan Fangio in 1954. In the British Prix on 17 July in Silverstone had only finished fourth in the car, whose contours hard to overlook on winding But Uhlenhaut had sped up the construction of the variant of the W 196 R, this one in the classic Prix car design with wheels. In the remaining races in there was always at least one Arrow driver on the winner’s Fangio won the German, Swiss and Grand Prix races and third in Spain; Hans came in third in Switzerland. victory on 22 August in Bern-Bremgarten in the Grand Prix already him the Formula One World Champion for

In the last races of the 1954 in particular, the W 196 R had revealed quite a few and was therefore thoroughly revised the winter break. Racing car Louis Sugahara: “Even the start of the 1955 season, the continued to be modified between Alongside the chassis with a long wheelbase, a medium-length (140 millimeters shorter) and the Monaco version with a length of 2150 millimeters created. In its second season, the car had shed some 70 kilograms and put on 22 kW in output. The W 196 R’s engine now 213 kW at 8400 rpm and gave the car a top speed of 300 km/h. A conspicuous feature was the air on the engine hood the result of intake manifolds and a reliable to distinguish the car from the 1954

However, Rudolf Uhlenhaut, Engineer and Technical Director of the sport department, did not change the basic design of the Grand car. As in 1954, two bodywork were used, a fully car for maximum speed on high-speed and the classic monoposto, a monocoque uncovered wheels, better for twisting circuits. For while the One regulations clearly specified the to be used either a supercharged 750 cc or a naturally aspirated 2.5 liter they made no restrictions the shape of the bodywork.

As early as 1954, it had been that the advantages and disadvantages of the car had to be taken into account in tactics. In the W 196 R’s first the French Grand Prix in Mercedes-Benz clinched a superior victory with aerodynamically cars but no sooner than the race, the British Grand in Silverstone, the streamlined bodywork its weakness in that precise through corners was made by the covered wheels. The monoposto had its in the German Grand Prix on the

Mercedes-Benz W196

Underneath the bodywork, both were identical. The eight-cylinder engine with a displacement of cc transmitted its power via a centrally output shaft. This reduced the vibrations of the engine output was boosted from 189 kW to 213 kW during the two years in which it was The mechanical direct injection with which Mercedes-Benz had experimenting as early as before War II, had meanwhile reached maturity and was to the new engine. Another new feature was valve control by means of arms for opening and closing the a design which, among things, made the engine to great engine speed First and foremost, however, valve control increased the gas by over 40 percent as compared to cam-and-spring control. The improved charge raised the power-to-swept-volume of the eight-cylinder in-line engine of two sequential four-cylinder units and in the car at an angle of 35 degrees.

The car’s backbone was a space a design Rudolf Uhlenhaut had highly successfully for several ever since the 300 SL prototype. its high level of torsional the frame of the W 196 R weighed in at a mere 36 The 16” wheels were suspended from double at the front and mounted to a swing with low center of gravity at the The initial idea of giving the car drive was abandoned when the W 196 R to be superior to its competitors with drive alone.

For the 1955 several detail features of the car revised. The intake manifold was new wheelbase lengths were and engine output was boosted. the 1954 season had seen cars at the start, it was the open with three different lengths that dominated the in 1955. Since the Grand races in Germany, France, and Switzerland were canceled the accident in Le Mans, the Italian Prix was the only race in the streamlined versions lined up at the in 1955.

In 1954 the W 196 R clinched five two second and three third And although four races canceled in 1955, the Silver recorded six victories, five places and one third place, underlining their superiority. Sugahara: “In a way, can be seen as a test stage the cars were perfected in

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