MercedesBenz buses Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

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Heritage [ edit ]

The Mercedes-Benz O touring coach based on the L truck

Due to economic hardships in the 1900s, Daimler Motoren and Benz Cie. merged one company in 1926, two years both companies signed an of mutual interest. Thus, AG (also known as Mercedes-Benz ) was In the next year, the company its first combined bus range. By time emphasis was given to engines (as opposed to petrol ) for commercial vehicles.

In 1951 unveiled its first bus specifically for bus operation (and not derived a lorry, as was the case of the other produced by the company until — the O6600 H. This vehicle was equipped with a transverse-mounted rear engine 145 hp, a lower frame than its and an electric gearshift system. [ needed ]

In 1954 Mercedes-Benz its first semi-integral bus — the H. The semi-integral design meant a in weight, improvements in stability and resistance. The O321 H also was the to feature coil springs in the suspension. This 9.2-metre-long (a 10.9-metre version was later also featured a rear-mounted The first version was available an output of 110 hp, and a later optional version was made available. than 30,000 units of the H complete bus and its platform were around the world, a mark places it as the best-selling bus of its time until today, one of the most models by Mercedes-Benz. [ citation ]

Mercedes-Benz do Brasil Ltda. [ edit ]

In the year 1951, from Daimler Benz, by Brazilian specialists, carried out to analyse the viability of producing in Brazil. Two years later, on 7 1953, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil was founded, having as its first Alfred Jurzykowski. A plant was built in São Bernardo do Campo (a neighbour to São Paulo city) in São State. Brazil. On 28 September the plant was inaugurated in the presence of the President of Brazil. Juscelino This date marks the of the Brazilian vehicle industry.

1958 only lorries produced in the Brazilian plant, and body builders used chassis to make buses. In the integral bus Mercedes-Benz O321 H started to be produced in Brazil, the Brazilian market as well as the of other South American (although some Latin-American also bought European-made buses). For instance, 550 units of O321 integral buses exported to Argentina in 1961, and 300 units were exported to in 1965.


In 1963, a front-engine bus was unveiled, based on the LP 321 lorry. New of this chassis as well as new of the O 321 integral bus were presented the year. The first integral bus to the Brazilian market was the O 326, a coach unveiled in 1966. It the turbo-charged OM 326 engine delivering up to 200 hp. One later, a new front-engine bus chassis was unveiled – the LPO 344, also on a lorry chassis.

In 1969 a new rural- and urban-service bus was by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. Designated O this integral bus was equipped a direct-injection diesel engine. Two new chassis were presented same year – the LPO 1113 and the LPO

During the 1970s the plant in São do Campo was being expanded to with the increasing demand for the of commercial vehicles. By the end of that Mercedes-Benz had produced more 500,000 commercial vehicles in the plant, about 4,000 of were integral buses.

In the rear-engine OH 1313 and the front-engine OF bus chassis were unveiled. One later, a new integral coach was — the O 362 — featuring a luggage compartiment than its the O 321. Yet another integral bus was by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil — the O 355 in 1974. The OH 1517 rear-engine was also presented that One year after the first bus was built in Brazil (based on the LPO 1113 front-engine chassis) its debut in 1977, the new O 364 integral bus was by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil in two versions one with a 130-hp engine, and the with a 170-hp engine. in 1978 the production of the O 362 was discontinued, more than 35,100 were produced in Brazil.

the demand for buses was growing by time, a new plant was inaugurated in (a city in São Paulo State, dedicated only for the production of This plant was considered the and most modern plant for the production of buses in the Western Meanwhile, the plant in São Bernardo do was still being expanded.

In two new integral bus range were by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. One of them was O 370 range, available in two- and versions. It was the first coach produced by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil with air suspension as standard. The was the O 365 regular-service bus range. In 1987 the O 370 and O 365 bus were succeeded by the O 371 range up by three coaches and three bus models).

In 1991 the company the Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico (or Development Centre in English) in This is, until today, the of its kind in Latin America. of the projects developed by the Centro de Tecnológico in Brazil were the gas engine M-447 hLAG, in the natural-gas-powered Citaro. and the cost-effective made in the Axor truck

In 1994, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil the O 400 integral bus range, which one standardised city bus, coaches and the O 400 UPA articulated bus — the articulated bus produced by Mercedes-Benz in which came into only in 1995. This featured an electronic-managed articulation by the company. In that same Mercedes-Benz reached an 85%-share in the vehicles market in Brazil. In the year, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil the ISO 9001 and the VBA 6.1 certifications.

In 1996 a new version of the O 371 integral bus for operation was presented. However, later Mercedes-Benz announced the end of bus production in Brazil. A statement was in which the company announced it henceforth focus on the production and of bus chassis and platforms, and so it occurred. Bus was relocated in the São Bernardo do Campo in 2000, when the Campinas complex was dedicated for activities to training and overseeing the dealership in Brazil, parts and accessories and technical assistance.

In 2006 do Brasil unveiled two new articulated bus chassis — the O 500 MA (raised and the O 500 UA (low-floor). Both are equipped a six-cylinder-rear-mounted engine delivering 360 hp as Units of the O 500 articulated bus range purchased to operate in the BRT systems of São Paulo. Santiago de Chile ) and Bogotá (Transmilenio ).

Nowadays under the umbrella of Mercedes-Benz do Ltda.. the bus chassis produced by in Brazil supply the Brazilian and are exported for countries in the Americas. the East, Africa and Asia. the buses produced by Mercedes-Benz in are the O 500 modular bus chassis series, includes chassis made for and rural applications (available in and low-floor versions) as well as chassis, the OH rear-engine bus chassis the OF front-engine bus chassis series and the LO and micro-bus chassis series.

Argentina [ edit ]

In 1951 the Daimler-Benz AG set up in Argentina its first outside Germany: [ 1 ] [ 2 ] one in the town of San near Buenos Aires. and in González Catán on industrial The San Martin plant was closed in the of the 50’s.

Mercedes-Benz released local colectivo based on L 3500 truck chassis – LO OP 3500, LO 311, LO 312– a separately manufactured body at a later stage by different builders. In 1963 Mercedes the 10,000th colectivo (model LO and continued with other such as LO 1112, (120 HP ), LA 4×4 (traction in all wheels) and the LO Due to the family relationship with the the Mercedes-Benz colectivos had a diesel with power transmitted to the axle by a five-speed constant-mesh

In 1967, manufacture of the middle-distance of self-supporting platform O120 In 1968 the O120 was replaced by the O140 with a 130-hp

In 1977, mass production of for buses and buses with steering began. Manufacturing of the and the O170, the successor to the O140 with the OM 352 A supercharged engine 156 hp and reinforced axles and suspension, started.

In 1979, the company the production of the bus chassis, front OC 1214, using the OM 352 engine the LO 1114 bus.

In 1981, some success, the OH 1419 bus was and made in Argentina.

In 1982, the built the first bus powered by natural gas (CNG) in Argentina and two new models: the front-engine OF 1114 export markets only, Perú) and the OF 1214, with a engine. Also introduced was a new of vehicles for urban transport of automatic transmission 1114, the new chassis of 114, for export, and bus rear engine OH 1314, and without automatic transmission. production of the LO 1114 with gearbox began and joined the air system on the Mercedes-Benz model LO

In 1987, Mercedes-Benz Argentina the public transportation of passengers by the new line of rear-engined front-side bus OH), which replaced front motor buses. is the year of manufacture of rear bus OH 1621 L.

For the first years of the arrives the buses of the O-series the O 373 RSD (324 units built), the O 374 RSD (72 built) and the O 400 RSD (61 units built) for the bus routes and also the OH 1522 units built) and the OH 1526 (98 built). All made in the factory of Catán until 1995. In start the assembly of the OF 1620 the 200 HP diesel engine with units made and large in the provinces like Santa Fe, and others.

For the urban buses, the OHL added with the production in 1990 with this OH/OHL 1316, OH/OHL and the OH/OHL 1420 with in the urban transport.

After the crisis, develops many like the OH 1115 and OH 1315 the case in 2002, when the production of the OH 1721, a bus with a 210 HP medium urban buses a 150 HP engine. This models and sold until 2008, by the new OH 1618 L-Sb and the OH 1718, a develop for Mercedes-Benz Argentina the chassis of the OH 1618. The OH 1618 is to meet the highest requirements on Euro 3, 4 and 5. Has the renowned Mercedes-Benz OM 904 LA 3 of a high torque: 675 Nm, a power of 177 hp The engine electronic management and 3 per cylinder, with the optional Top system to improve vehicle and durability of the brake system. provides two types of gearbox: and mechanical. The front and rear are developed, tested and manufactured by especially technology adopted and to the needs of passenger transport: low starting and numerous arrests per with extensive use of systems and manageability of the unit.

Today it modern-style buses and several of bus chassis and Mercedes-Benz Sprinter vans, chassis cabs and with a large slice of being exported to Germany. commuter and touring buses are not up to European counterparts but robust to handle heavy urban and some of Argentina’s rugged and extra long-distance travel. For was return the production of the Sprinter the successor of the T1N with many parts and it’s exported to the South Africa and other

Since 2013, announced the of the minibus LO 915 in the Virrey del Pino with the high floor engine (OH) chassis OH [ 3 ] previously imported from the two models.

Mercedes-Benz Türk [ edit ]

Türk O 325

In addition, DaimlerChrysler AG is manufacturing buses and coaches the brand Mercedes-Benz in Turkey. Türk was established in Istanbul in as Otomarsan . it started the production of O 302 buses in 1968.

In 1970, 2 years after its foundation, the started to export buses, 12,600 buses have exported to date. In 1984 the was appointed as the general representative of in Turkey, added with new to the enterprise and started a new investment for production of trucks. In 1986, to the growth potential of Turkey, the plant started production in In November 1990 the company was changed to Mercedes-Benz Türk

The company currently employs personnel. Due to increasing export Mercedes-Benz Türk built a new bus in Hosdere/Istanbul, which became in December 1994.

Since its Mercedes-Benz Türk has sold 36,000 buses, 50,000 and 1,000 midibuses from its own in addition to 20,000 cars 1989 when the company the importation of passenger cars. Türk currently produces and municipality buses at Hoşdere/Istanbul and plants, and light and heavy trucks at the Aksaray plant.

Türk is the first company in the primary automotive industry to get the ISO quality certificate, obtained in for Aksaray and ISO 9001 quality obtained in 1995 for Davutpaşa/Istanbul and production plants.

Furthermore Türk has the certificate for ISO 14001 management standards since May and the certificate for ISO 9001 :2000 and ISO since March 2002.

and the VÖV [ edit ]

Mercedes Benz bus oh1621 engine

During the 1960s, the Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen (or German for Public Transport Operations in conducted a project of a highly and specialised bus, in order to the quality, simplify the maintenance and the production costs of buses in — the VÖV-I. Based on the provided by the VDV, Mercedes-Benz the O305 regular-service bus in 1967. In the rural-service bus O307 was presented. It was on the O305 and also conceived in with the standards set by the VDV. In Mercedes-Benz presented a 17-metre-long version of the O305 (the G), featuring a rear-mounted engine.

By the end of the the project was improved and a VÖV-II bus range was presented. Mercedes-Benz took part in the project and in presented the S80 standardised regular-service After minor changes made, the Mercedes-Benz S80 came production in 1984 as the O405, the O305. In the following year, an (O405 G) and a rural-service version were unveiled.

EvoBus [ ]

In 1995 Daimler-Benz Bus and Coach and Kässbohrer Bus Division were to form the EvoBus GmbH. Mercedes-Benz and Setra continued to separately on the market for some

One year later EvoBus was the first of a new bus range from was presented — the Integro rural-service bus, later by a three-axle 15-metre version. the Integro, EvoBus also the Mercedes-Benz O405 NÜL (twin-axle low-floor rural-service bus), NK (compact city bus) and the (an improved version of the O404). The was the first bus to be equipped with an ABC system. Shortly after the urban-service low-floor bus was unveiled. It was the urban bus equipped with CAN bus.

Coordinated production between and Mercedes-Benz started in 1997. New of the Citaro low-floor bus were that year, including a three-axle version and an 18-metre version. In 1998 the new Mercedes-Benz (O350) was presented in a super-high-deck with three-axles, based on the coach chassis. The O404 bus was succeeded by the Travego in 1999. The was available either with a in-line engine (initially 354 and 408 hp) or with a V8 engine (delivering 476

In the 17th edition of the Bus World in Kortrijk (Belgium), Mercedes-Benz unveiled the Tourino — a coach featuring automatic air disc brakes, ABS, EBS and ASR There were two engine (245 hp/279 hp), six-cylinder rear-mounted engine.

The Travego and Integro range redeveloped by the end of 2005, and the CapaCity a four-axle articulated low-floor bus long — was unveiled in [ 4 ] Also in 2006 the Tourismo was and a 14-metre version was presented. the innovations incorporated to the new Tourismo are the new output available (354 hp/428 hp) and the new-generation transmissions with EPS system.

Currently concentrates the integral bus production in and Turkey, and chassis production in and Brazil. There are other basis around the world, as the ones in France and Argentina.

[ edit ]

A joint-venture between and Brazilian coachbuilder Marcopolo in the formation of Polomex. The company and sells urban buses and with Mercedes-Benz chassis and body in Mexico. The coach includes the Multego, a luxury based on the Mercedes-Benz OC500 bus chassis. The body, produced by features a design similar to of Mercedes-Benz Travego.

Alternative [ edit ]

The earliest cited bus sold by Mercedes-Benz is the O6600 T, a based on the O6600 H diesel In the early 1950s, 350 German-made trolleybuses were exported to

Nonetheless, Mercedes-Benz engaged in research and development of alternative systems in the 1960s. In 1969 the presented the OE302 electric Two years later, a natural-gas-fuelled of the O305 was unveiled, and in 1975 the duo bus went into trial in Esslingen, Germany. A minibus on pure hydrogen was demonstrated in In 1978 the hybrid electric was presented. The same year do Brasil presented the OF-1315 engine natural-gas-fuelled bus chassis for the market. Other five duo went into trial in Esslingen the following year, two of in battery/trolley operation and the other in diesel/trolley operation. Also in Daimler-Benz sent a German-built trolleybus to be tested on the São Paulo system. Brazil, then one of the extensive trolleybus systems in the world. The O305 GT trolleybus go into production in 1981. in 1981 a methanol-fuelled O305 was

In 1983 methanol-drive Mercedes-Benz were tested in São Paulo, Some time later, 40 Mercedes-Benz O364 rear-engine buses went into operation in that city. Two of used a mixture of soy oil, and B-Diesel as fuel. In the following Mercedes-Benz do Brasil unveil the a natural-gas-fuelled rear-engine bus chassis, and the integral bus range for the Brazilian including a natural-gas integral bus and a trolleybus. In 1986 experiments made in Europe with an duo bus (diesel/electric) based on the O405. The trolleybus was presented in that year.

In 1984, a trial was out with a four O305 already in use in Auckland, New Zealand, two powered by liquid petroleum gas and two by compressed natural gas (CNG). At the time, two Volvo B10M were converted to run on methanol. All as well as a further 50 O303 and buses, were all put onto Auckland City had a fleet of one O303 buses and three O305 buses.

In the 1990s new natural-gas-powered models were by Mercedes-Benz: the O405 GN GNG low-floor bus, which was Europe’s natural gas low-floor city the O405 NG solo city bus and the ÜNG for rural service. All models fitted with the M-447 hG that was exported from

In 1994 a prototype of a low-floor duo bus based on the O405 — the GNTD — was presented, electric hub motors .

In 1996 the natural-gas bus chassis is succeeded by the LG, also natural-gas-powered. One year the OH-1621 LG was equipped with an engine as standard.

In 1997 presented its first fuel-cell designated NEBUS (New Bus), based on the O405 bus. It was the world’s first operational fuel-cell-powered bus. fuel-cell-powered was developed later, on the Citaro. Exemplars of the Citaro Cell bus are currently being in Europe, China and Australia.

In the Cito (a diesel-electric midibus) was featuring the low-floor concept.

In Mercedes-Benz do Brasil delivered the 56 model M-447 hLAG natural gas engines to the city of in Germany fitted to specially-designed citybuses for EXPO 2000. this engine has sold in numbers compared to the previous hG engine, with over 600 by Australian bus operators alone.

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