MercedesBenz History and Heritage

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Mercedes-Benz W125


Daimler-Benz AG was an amalgamation of two that created the motor car and the that eventually grew up it. Gottlieb Daimler was born in and in 1872 he became technical of the Deutz gas engine factory, the chief designer under him was Maybach.

The two were a very team. Daimler, systematic, and inventive, was the creative man; with his genius in putting an into practice, was the interpreter, not to be denied his own inventive ability.

The point of these two men on the road to petrol engines and cars was the four-stroke gas engine of 1876, Deutz built commercially; and so the combustion engine (discounting earlier dead-ended examples as the Lenoir) virtually grew up in hands.

By 1882 Daimler had decided what was needed for vehicle was a petrol engine much in weight and much faster in speed than the ponderous engines of the time; and together Maybach, he left Deutz, in to embark on the new venture.

The following he succeeded in building a high-speed suitable for vehicle propulsion, and another two years it had been far enough for installation in a motor (a bicycle test-bed with two outrigger wheels) which successfully rode to open a new

In 1886 the new engine was put into a vehicle (and also a motor boat) — it was not strictly a car as we would define it rather a converted horsedrawn in which the drive from the to the rear wheels was by a selection of to a countershaft with gear to the wheels themselves.

Daimler was not obsessed with the of the motor car. He was far more than that, conceiving his as a propulsive unit for boats, engines, airships, and large vehicles for the carriage of freight or Only about 60 miles from his Cannstatt factory, in worked a less easily pioneer, Karl Benz. He was junior by ten years (and was to him by 29) and in 1877 he began to design a gas engine that he hoped rival the quickly-established four-stroke of

He had a hard time of it, but in 1882 patented a two-stroke that was more efficient than Two years later, the validity of patent began to appear and Benz felt free to a four-stroke engine in which he some of his best previous and in the winter of 1885/6 he designed and his first car. Unlike the Daimler, the first Benz little on horsedrawn carriage but was an integrated design, in which the of the engine, with its large flywheel turning about a crankshaft axis so as to minimise the of gyroscopic precession when corners, was as significant an improvement on ideas of a mechanically propelled as the power of the engine was a significant to the performance that might be

It wasn’t the fast-running lightweight Daimler envisaged; but even at 250 or 300 it was fast by the standards of its time, and tests in Stuttgart Technical showed that it could run at half the crankshaft speed of the Relatively slow, heavy and not efficient, the Benz engine was probably the more manageable of the two from the very beginning, insisted on electrical ignition, though it was in those early whereas Daimler relied the hot tube system that refinement of running impossible to

The Victoria Four Wheeler

The and practicality of his design gave an early lead in the industry; making a couple more like his 1886 prototype, and patenting some good such as a fireproof carburetor spray-type carburetor for Daimler had established itself as a rival he began to sell cars in and soon had 50 men employed making In 1893 he produced a four-wheeler the Victoria, with a 3 hp engine of 2.9 displacement, a vertical flywheel, a carburetor, and an ignition timing which enabled a more performance to be achieved than before.

1930’s Mercedes-Benz

Caracciola’s SSK in action during the Mille Miglia.

1930 Mercedes 770, which was with a 7655cc 150bhp six.

1932 Mercedes-Benz Cabriolet, was fitted with a 1962cc engine giving the car a top speed or 100 kph.

Mercedes-Benz W125

1932 Mercedes-Benz Sport, which was fitted a 3663cc 75bhp engine and a top of 120 kph.

1934 Mercedes-Benz which was fitted with a six cylinder engine developing 68 bhp at rpm. It had a top speed of 110 kph.

It a little weird doesn’t it? The looks like it has two ends, and was during the 1930’s as the model with the engine hanging the rear wheels.

This image is of the 1934 W25 Grand Car’s engine. A supercharged developing 354 bhp from its 3.36 The cylinder head had twin camshafts.

Mercedes-Benz W25 Grand car, blindlingly fast on the but not so good around corners.

1937 Mercedes-Benz W125, 646 bhp and capable of a genuine 200 miles per The wheels would still be at 150mph in top gear.

The 1938 3 liter V12 evolved into the developing 483 bhp and capable of 195 mph.


1949 Mercedes-Benz which was fitted with a four cylinder engine 52 bhp.

Mercedes-Benz W125
Mercedes-Benz W125
Mercedes-Benz W125

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