MercedesBenz W142 Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

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Mercedes-Benz 320 W142

Mercedes-Benz W142

The Mercedes-Benz W 142 was a passenger car launched in February as a successor to the Mercedes-Benz Typ 290 (Mercedes-Benz W [ 1 ] The car was launched using the name Typ 320 . but is in retrospect commonly referred to its Mercedes-Benz works number, which gives a more unique nomenclature.


Typ 320 n (Works number W142/I) [ edit ]

The standard-wheelbase version of the shared its 2,880 mm (113 in) with the standard lengthened of its predecessor. but a more streamlined with longer overhangs that even in this the W142 was substantially longer and wider than the earlier The front grill was gently backwards, and there was no longer a bar in of it to carry lights, all of which the car a more sporting look the model it replaced. [ 2 ]

Power came from a enlarged straight six 3,208 cc engine with a listed output of 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) at 4,000 rpm, a claimed top speed of 130 km/h (81 This was delivered to the rear via a four-speed manual transmission unusually in the 1930s, incorporated on all four ratios. The footbrake a hydraulic control mechanism and on all four wheels. The suspension was carried over from the W18 a swing axle at the rear and the axle suspended with a transverse leaf spring and springs beside the wheels. [ 3 ]

wishing to make their own in respect of bodywork could buy a W142 in base chassis at the manufacturer’s listed price of Marks. Otherwise the choice of bodies was restricted to a three-seat (known as the “Cabriolet A”) or a coupé-bodied with a removable roof, respectively at 11,800 Marks or Marks. [ 4 ]

Mercedes-Benz Typ 320 (Works number 1937–1938 [ edit ]

Longer-bodied came with an extra 420 mm (17 in) of and Mercedes-Benz offered a choice a wide range of standard options for the longer cars.

happy to make their own in respect of bodywork could buy a W142 in base chassis at the manufacturer’s listed price of Marks. or 300 Marks more the price of the shorter chassis. The level model with a body included in the price was the ”Limousine” (sedan/saloon) at 8,950 There were no fewer four cabriolet-bodied versions of the car offered, being a two-door (“Cabriolet A”), a two-door with four side-windows B”), a four-door 4-seater D”) and a very substantial-looking four-door with three rows of (“Pullman-Cabriolet F”). Other standard-bodied versions were a 6-seater “Tourenwagen” and a sporty Roadster. There was also a “Pullman-Limousine” with three of seats and six side windows a conventional steel roof. The seat of the Pullman-bodied cars was the back axle, and an extra locker at the back left the length of the Pullman-Limousine at 5,250 mm in), still using the mm (130 in) wheelbase. The highest price for a Mercedes-Benz-bodied W142 was Marks for a “Stromlinien-Limousine” featuring a modern exceptionally streamlined body.

[ 5 ]

Mercedes-Benz Typ 320 (Works number 1937–1939 [ edit ]

Mercedes-Benz 320 W142

The short-wheelbase of the car was also the basis for a Wehrmachtskübelwagen vehicle), one of several such which may have provided for the subsequent (1941) Jeep. The “Kübelwagen” retained the frontal of the car on which it was based, but with a bar ahead of the front grill on to mount lights. It had four doors, a canvas top and wide-tread for rough terrain. In this the vehicle came with a top speed of 118 km/h (73 mph).

Typ 320 (Works number W142/IV) [ edit ]

In 1938 the manufacturer the cylinder bore to 85 mm (3.3 thereby increasing the engine to 3,405 cc. Nevertheless, the cars the “Typ 320” designation. was also no change in the power still listed at 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) at 4,000 and there were no claims of performance. Instead the compression was lowered in anticipation of future enforcing the use of fuel synthesized coal which was expected to a lower octane rating the “normal” fuel used at the The larger-engined car also came an overdrive ratio (1 : 0.73) to the hitherto four-speed gear box the car had featured since launch. [ 6 ]

In 1939 the larger engine found its way into the W142/III this time accompanied by a increase in maximum output to 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) and an reassurance that the top speed was

Commercial [ edit ]

Between and 1942 Mercedes-Benz produced of the 3,208 cc cars and 885 of the 3,405 cc

Production of a further 1,806 based military Kübelwagen 1938 and 1940 is also [ 7 ]

Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142

Mercedes-Benz 320 W142

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