Muzeum veteránů Slatinice Ceník

19 Апр 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

History of BMW

Several men were at the birth of the BMW brand. The first of were:

Gustav Otto, a son of the of the gasoline engine (Otto’s who set up Otto’s aviation plant in

Karl Rapp, owner of a which produced aviation for the Austro-Hungarian army.

Franz Popp, an engine procurement for the army and later partner of Rapp. He was born in Vienna and his fifteenth year lived in where he studied and graduated as a technical engineer.

In 1916, three gentlemen merged and Otto’s plants to form the Flugzeugwerke, changing the name in to the Bayerische Motorwerke BMW. BMW represented cutting edge technology for their time. The BMW III was flown by the aviation legend of the the “Red Baron” Manfred von who had one in his fabled red triplane with symbols. Planes using BMW broke many world

The factory produced stable to drive machines and subsequently were used for the company’s motorcycle, whose trade was “Helios”.

The first serially motorcycle was the BMW R 32 in 1923. It featured a construction using a flat engine with the clutch and in one unit and the driveshaft going to the wheel. This “Bavarian is still used in BMW motorcycles BMW motorcycles won the six- day race in and the Tourist Trophy of the Isle of in 1939. Before the war, BMW held 206 speed and world Popp was an important economist who the DIXI car factory in Eisenach for BMW in and later the Brandenburg engine in Berlin, where the first jet engine in the world was produced in The DIXI car factory was owned by Shapiro, a Russian Jewish and a stockbroker, who, at the peak of his owned most of the automobile stock in Germany. Nonetheless, a series of bankruptcies, he emigrated Germany to France. The very of the automobile factory’s existence marked by the global crisis. offered to let Henry Ford the car factory from him, but refused and bought space in If it wasn’t for Ford’s refusal, the would not have come to BMW cars.

The simple cars of the DIXI after the DIXI company was were sold under the BMW DIXI. These were the and smallest BMW cars ever They were based on a purchased from the small car producer Austin, the Model This variety had been and sold in England since Later, licences were to Germany (DIXI BMW) and (Rosengart). The car was also produced in by Datsun but it was produced there the licence.

Some years the company made use of its own tube construction, mostly two-litre, engine, with a separate axle with flat spring, two hydraulic shock and a rack-and-pinion steering system. well designed cars an enclosed cabin and convertibles, the was renowned for its 315/1, 319/1, 327/8 and 328 sports cars. The 327 is one of the most elegant post-war car The 328 model was a popular sports car for years and could be seen in this country in the 50s at the Ecce Race in Šternberk (the Sojka). The company still and has a production programme which out automobiles and motorcycles of an exceptionally character.

Some successors of the BMW

The BMW R2 Motorcycle . produced between and 1936. This is a motorbike a single-cylinder four-cycle engine of 200 cm capacity and a three-speed gear It weighs 110 kg and can achieve a speed of 95 It is the smallest BMW motorcycle. Although it has 8 HP, in 1936 it held a world record with an attained of 246 km/h.

The BMW R 12 Motorcycle was produced 1935 and 1942 and only motorbikes were produced. In it cost 1,650 Reichsmarks. It has a flat engine with 750 cm capacity 18 horsepower and a four-speed box. The rear wheel is secured by a shaft. The front is spring-loaded, while the rear is The frame is made of moulded The speed indicator is indirectly lit by the It weighs 185 kg and can attain a speed of 110 It was produced in a military version a sidecar.

The BMW R 66 Motorcycle . A two-cylinder four-cycle engine of 600 cubic cm capacity. of 30, total weight 187 kg. The motorcycle achieve a speed of 145 km/h. Due to its the bike was often sold a sidecar. The frame is made of with telescopic spring-loaded and rear wheels. The motorcycle was between 1938 and 1941 and 1,695 Reichsmarks without the (a kilo of butter cost Reich mark and 1 kg of this cost 9 Reich mark).

BMW PS (DIXI ) DA4 Automobile . This is a car manufactured from 1931 to Most often it was sold as a closed car body and four-seat car body; rarely as a two-seat This model was called business coupe”. It was meant for the salesman and his customer. Small made it impossible for the business car to be for family purposes. The engine is 750 cubic cm, brakes are mechanical on all wheels. The front and rear are flat spring-loaded. The car weighs 480 kg and its top is 75 km/h. It is a so-called people’s car very simple construction. The slogan of the time had it that car’s exterior is smaller the car’s interior”. The selling of the car was 2,500 Reichsmarks, which is slightly more than for a motorcycle and three times than the price of a six-cylinder Stuttgart. These cars known to have side during rain, since the are not caulked against the car body. The version of this car was sold the name BMW 3/15 PS Wartburg and won the in its class at the Monte Carlo in 1930.

BMW 335 Automobile is the biggest, most and final BMW model of before the These cars were from 1939. Only the units off the line before May 39 meant for sale; from May all cars were taken by the and used in diplomatic services and for dignitaries at ministries. This car was popular with Goebels, who enjoyed driving it on his own. The were equipped with an six-cylinder engine with cubic cm capacity, output of 90 HP and a speed of 150 km/h. The frame is by 114mm than the two-litre which enabled sufficient of the engine space. The rear is rigid, spring-loaded by two sway running along the car’s axis; the front axle was characteristically with one flat swinging arms and hydraulic The car has a rack-and-pinion steering system and 1,300 kg. Typical features of 335 are rear hitches for an ancillary cross-sectionally ribbing of the car body ornamental slats and big, sunken headlights. The acquisition was 9,000 Reichsmarks (tyres not included in the price of the car, the had to get hold of them on their own of insufficient supplies during the These cars were m

The of the “People’s Car” Volkswagen = VW.

d Porsche (born in Vratislavice Liberec in 1875 died in in 1951) was an excellent engineer who fame thanks to his high racing cars the eight SS and SSK cars produced for Mercedes between 1923-32, a racing car for the Florio race, a monoposto “Silberpfeil” with a revolutionary and a mid-engine designed for the Automobile in 1934. He also worked on a “people’s car”. He developed the car “Sascha” for Austro-Daimler between between 1926-28, models W02 and W15 for Benz, and in 1933, Project 32 for the NSU In 1934, Porsche met Hitler. got on quite well, given Porsche shared Hitler’s of a people’s car (Volkswagen VW), which had appeared in the writings of the Ministry and Propaganda Ministry:

The people’s car was 4 m in length and had the following

average petrol consumption 8 litres per l00 km

steady driving of 100 km/h

an air-cooled engine so water would not freeze in

a price of at most 1000 (a BMW motorbike cost 1600

room for 3 adults and one child


Mercedes-Benz 320 W142

the possibility for military

It’s likely they friends. Rumour has it that once invited Hitler for saying: “I’ve left you sausage and beer. Does suit you?” During a from the Russian front, took Porsche on board of one of his generals. Commenting, he said: have a lot of generals but only one

In 1934, Porsche signed a with the Reich Automobile for “motorization of the German nation on the of collective work with the intentions”.

In 1936, Porsche the USA where he studied “mass production”.

The country planned production of 300,000 to 500,000 In order to meet the requirements of demanding assignment, Porsche two-cycle and four-cycle motors, three and four cylinder flat engines and in-line The upshot of these experiments was an motor. The VW 82 engine was an air-cooled, four-cycle motor located the rear axle. This with only minor was then used for the popular VW until 2003. In connection this concept, the friendship Porsche and Hans Ledwinka, the builder for the Tatra Kopřivnice Company, is cited. Porsche there too. The fact is VW cars produced between and 1936 are similar to the prototype of the car, the Tatra V 570 (the Tatra car with the motor in a two-cylinder, flat air-cooled with a cylinder capacity of 854 cm and a rack-and-pinion steering system, a modern feature for the time), by Hans Ledwinka between and 1933. This is a builder who had been hard at work on a car at Tatra since 1920.

The Škoda Mladá Boleslav showed prototypes of two people’s in 1932, the Š 932 (produced in two following the same conception a four-cylinder air-cooled motor of cubic cm capacity, located at the whose front section was similar to the future VW Beetle car and 130H.

In 1936, the Mercedes introduced the first cars the VW concept (V1, V2, V3), shape corresponded to the draft up by Porsche and Hitler, and later into models 130 H and 170 H.

In 1938, laid the foundation stone of the VW . which manufactured KdF cars. The “KdF“ stands for Kraft Freude (power through which was an abbreviation for the people-oriented of very broad scope and an instrument of propoganda. It included employment, sports activities, a car for everybody, etc. The car body was by the Ambi But company. Stocks of the VW had been sold before the was finished to those who planned to buy a car the thus served as vouchers for the so to speak. 300,000 of these worth 990 Reichsmarks were which amounts to a total of 280 million Reichsmarks. Some parties were saving 5 per week. In the years from 210 KdF cars (VW 60) were manufactured but were assigned to party The war meant that people’s were no longer a priority and the KdF VW 82 was produced only for combat After the war, there many unfilled “vouchers” were recognized by the company, subsequently delivered the post-war to the vouchers’ owners.

The KdF 82 (Kubelwagen “ Kaďour ” in country) is a light all-terrain with 2 rear wheel (2×4 drive), one of the most cars of the post-war era. The of Ferdinand Porsche beat marks (those of BMW, Adler and others) and was utilised for purposes. Some of its properties its American rival, the Jeep

The cha ssis-less car body uses an frame. About 51,000 that were various of this model were and tradition has it that an average expectancy for this car on the front was at 3 days. That meant was a necessity to produce large of these vehicles. As the production accelerated, many features of the car simplified e.g. welding of for the chassis and so on.

The amphibious brother of car was denominated KdF 166 (Schwimmwagen known as Vodník ” in this It was similar in concept to the KdF 82 but had four-wheel (4×4 drive), a different of body and an ancillary folding propeller for riding on water. It was between 1942 and 1944, a total production number under 14,300 units.

The of the “Vodník ” KdF 166 car (4×4 was also used between and 1944 for the production of several series of command vehicles KdF 87 designation, a modification of the future

Altogether about 564 military with the “Beetle” body produced during the war, only about 630 units of the version of the Beetle were in the same time.

For the KdF 82 model, the paid 2780 Reichsmarks, the amphibian KdF 166 cost 4200

Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142
Mercedes-Benz 320 W142

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