Muzeum veteránů Slatinice History of Mercedes Benz

11 Апр 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

History of Mercedes Benz

The of Mercedes Benz cars and the to the first automobile

The most German brand and surely the important automobile brand the over is that of Mercedes This is primarily because the who built the automobile is dedicated to the of quality vehicles in all categories maintain manufacturing continuity.

The of the internal combustion motor

the firs t car was necessarily preceded by the of the first internal combustion This motor was jointly in 1876 in the form of a four-cycle ignition engine by German Nikolaus August Otto — 1891) and E. Langer — 1895). Abroad, engine is nowadays called the motor, the same as the compression (diesel) engine is called a motor after its inventor, Diesel (1858 — who developed it in 1892.

And again it was the company which was a pioneer in Diesel engines for passenger The first passenger car with the engine was the Mercedes Benz 260 in 1936.

K arl Benz , the father of the passenger car, lived 1844-1929. He was born in Karlsruhe and as a mechanic after his studies in Later he became a builder. later, his father-in-law furnished a workshop for him that prospered producing tobacco presses and apparatuses. Benz participated in the of steam and gas engines. After a explosion, the outcome of failing to safety measures, he renounced gas and set off to perfect internal combustion He tried various mixtures of distillates and town gas. the four-cycle engine was under protection, he put his energy into the of a two-cycle engine. He established companies and achieved production of up to 800 engines a month (stable were used to drive produce electricity etc.).

the idea of a self-propelled vehicle him. It was during these that the first steam began to appear in England and But they were too robust and practical use was limited. His first a four-wheel carriage with an combustion engine, didn’t out because he lacked a reliable for steering the two front wheels. why his first car was a “three-wheeler”. For the first Benz used a small, water-cooled, high-revolution single-cylinder with a high-voltage ignition (Otto’s engine). Benz worked for the OTTO company. The trial rides took on the factory yard in 1885 and on 29 1886 the vehicle was patented.

The first long-distance ride in the car on tricycle, that is was undertaken by a Berta Benz, his wife, with their two sons to grandma in a town 100 km distant her husband knowing about it. The came off without major problems (it was only necessary to the leather lining of the brake blocks). The problem after the was getting hold of the fuel At that time it was available in pharmacies and chemists.

What was the development of steering, gearboxes, engine carburettors, tyres and automobile accessories. In many there is no doubt about the of Karl Benz (the float, the multi-cylinder engine and His assistants and disciples later on to become pioneers and founders of car factories themselves (Horch and also Porsche).

In 1900, the Company sold 603 cars, the largest car factory in the world. the time of crisis, the company with another firm the Daimler company) and the Benz logo was changed to the familiar Benz logo.

Gottlieb (1834-1900) constructed his first car the year as Karl Benz. didn’t know each nor did either of them know the plans of the other. Together the builder Maybach (who manufactured luxury cars of the brand), Daimler worked in the of his villa, which is still to this day in Cannstatt Spa, a of the City of Stuttgart today. improved the petrol engine had four cycles and one cylinder a capacity of 176 cubic cm and an output of HP (Otto’s engine Daimler had worked for the builder Otto). Due to the of the engine and its elongated shape it was “a grandfather clock”. The car with this engine was in a two-wheeler, that is, the first (reitwagen = a runner’s car, a vehicle with an engine). and Maybach used the internal engine not only to power but also to ships (the motor ship with a engine in the world was called the named after the river through Stuttgart) and airships

In 1886. Daimler already a four-wheel automobile (because of its to carriages, it was called a motor Motorkusche or Motorwagen). Daimler engine production factories in countries for engines delivered to car manufacturers (Peugeot). Daimler one company in England, where the still exists today and the applies for the well-known Austro-Daimler in Austria. In 1897, Daimler a large plot in Stuttgart and built an automobile manufacturing there. Some of these still stand today. Benz engines are still on the premises and in front of the factory, a new museum of Mercedes-Benz cars of the Company was opened in 2006.

Jel linek from the vicinity of the of Uherský Brod and the Mercedes

Another important person in the of Mercedes Benz cars was Jellinek (1853-1917) who was born as a son of near the town of Uherský Jellinek later became a General of Austro-Hungary in Nice, a car salesman and racer. He participated in under the pseudonym “Mr the name of his first-born daughter. He 36 cars from Daimler and had improved by Maybach to meet his At that time, this for a quarter of the total production of the factory. He sold the cars under the brand name He had this name patented after significant commercial became general representative of the Since 1905, the name has been used for the total of Daimler.

The current Mercedes has been used since and is composed of the name “Mercedes” Jellinek’s daughter), the name (builder of the first car in the world) and the star (the symbol of which means: our engines in the air top point, on water and on land two points).

Mercedes Benz are traditionally ranked as prestigious, vehicles, not only in the area of transport. They cover the scope of today’s automotive (utility vehicles, buses, vehicles e.g. the Popemobile, a car by the Pope and other governmental or vehicles). The Mercedes brand does well in the most category of race cars 1.

The era of “carriages” by Benz and Daimler the turn of the 19 th century was superseded by of strong, robust cars for a small group of the rich.

The the medium-class category

Mercedes-Benz 200 PS, W02) and model Stuttgart (10/50 PS, W11) 1926-1933

The Benz car 8/38 PS with denomination W02. It was produced 1926 to 1933 with an of 2000 cubic cm capacity or a more powerful engine a 2600 cubic cm capacity L). More than 20,000 were produced, including lorries and military vehicles. The was made of moulded U-profiles and rigid axeltrees were by longitudinal flat strings. were mechanical on all wheels. was the first car from the medium-class after the merger of Mercedes The price also made the car among the middle class, from 6000 marks to marks (previous small-series with 4 litre and 6 litre cost 14 to 28 thousand Reichsmarks). But the car was more expensive than brands (Opel, Adler and which, on the other hand, not so reliable. For years, the Mercedes Stuttgart 200 was the most successful of Mercedes on a sales basis. Porsche also participated in the of this car. From the car had a semi-automatic gearbox with a 4 th gear (to change gears third to fourth, the gear was without the clutch being let out the was pre-set and the gear automatically when the driver let up on the gas pedal). The car was with wheels with or metal spokes. It was manufactured in all car versions (convertible A, B, C, D, limousine, and pullmann), in a military all-terrain and as a small utility car. The car was popular as a taxi.

Types of car bodies:

The Limousine has two or four doors, a four or seat body with roof. The upper part of the was sometimes made of artificial with insulating layers prevent overheating of the interior. All were also fitted an adjustable tipping windscreen, enables draught-free airing.

The has an elongated four-door car body either six or seven seats which included a dividing behind the driver.

The Roadster is a sports car with small to make getting in easier; or the is not present at all but the line of the car body is at the point where one gets in. The can be tipped to the bonnet so as not to increase air It was only produced in small and was often equipped with bodies made by renowned firms (e.g. Reuter Graber, Sodomka-Vysoké Mýto).

A (on a normal or elongated undercarriage) is a sports car body with a roof. Usually this is a limited series version in leather small series with many accessories, to the customer’s wishes. The boot and are usually joined in one element, fenders are aerodynamic and connected to Behind the front seats is sometimes an emergency seat for passenger. In some cars, seat is accessible only the boot is open (so-called seat).


Convertible B (long is a two-door, four-seat car body four side retractable This is usually a luxury car for of show.

Convertible C (short version) is a two-door, four-seat convertible two side windows.

Convertible D has doors and four seats

F has four doors and seven

Tourenwagen (light carriage) is an four-seat or four-door car body a folding light linen and windows fitted in the doors.

The Benz 170 (W15) . with a engine, was produced from to 1935. This car was a successor in the car line, with selling from 4,000 to 6,000 The car was designed by engineers Hans The frame of the chassis is of a square cross-section. The divided front is spring-loaded by two transverse flat with lever fluid-model the rear axle swinging a couple of twisted strings and dampers. The car is equipped with single-circle brakes on all wheels. The is mechanical. The six-cylinder engine is 32 HP. The version of the car was equipped with a lock. This car was mostly as a four-door limousine and a C convertible, very popular. The two-seat and A convertible were rare and expensive. Utility vehicles on this chassis also good sales figures.

The Benz 200 (W21) was a direct of the preceding model as far as construction and of the Stuttgart model in terms of capacity. It was produced from to 1937. It was meant for the middle and this was reflected in the car body available. Besides the short model A and C sporty two-seat and roadster, an elongated version of the was also produced in which the between the front and rear was over 3 metres, enabling the of comfortable four-seat limousines and B convertibles. This model more luxury elements richer wood panelling, a dashboard, a spacious boot the option to buy special luggage to fit the internal dimensions of the space, and features. Two spare wheels moved to the front fenders, made the storage room spacious.

The luxury of the car was highlighted by the that taxi and utility of this car were not available.

speaking, the 200 model is not different the preceding model, with the of a more powerful engine (40 Naturally, the car body evolved, from year to year. The 200 was described as a loveable car at a favourable that didn’t exceed the of the Stuttgart. Cars with an chassis were very They were the first cars to be equipped with a cubic cm capacity engine in For this version, only limousines are known; these used as taxis.

Mercedes-Benz 130H W23

The frame elongation and the deluxe of cars increased their so much that two-litre were not powerful enough now for a car an elongated frame. Therefore the of this car was small and amounted to a 4,100 vehicles, making very popular with The engine was replaced by a stronger with a capacity of 2300 cm. This more powerful the MB 230 — W143 . was produced in a exceeding 15,000 units. An version with a backbone made of oval profiles (W was still manufactured long the war.

Mercedes Benz 130 Mercedes Benz with a motor

The concept of the people’s car was a state contract that car manufacturer fought to obtain. The were: lenght 4m, speed 11 an engine placed behind the axle, at least three and a price comparable to the price for good motorcycles (990

The engine, located at the back henceforth labelled H by Mercedes was also promising as far as the development of a profile for the car bodies was concerned Karoserie in German). This decreased air resistance and thus higher speeds and thus utilisation of the newly created in Germany. In 1936, the Mercedes publicly presented, the first car to do so, the first cars built to the VW (V1, V2, V3), represented by 130 H and 170 H. Prototype Volkswagen (KdF) also manufactured in Daimler-Benz worshops.

The Mercedes Benz 130 H is one of the serially produced cars in the with a rear engine. It was between 1934 and 1936. It has a in-line water-cooled engine a capacity of 1299 cubic cm and an of 26 HP. The engine is placed behind the axle and the gear box in front of it. The car is with fluid brakes on all It weighs 980 kg.

Mercedes Benz 290 and 320 (W142)

T he Mercedes Benz 290 and 320 successors to the Mercedes Benz 200 . were produced from to 1936 (MB2 90), and 1937 to 1940 (MB 290). A frame made of closed with a rectangular cross-section was What differed was the construction of the axle, where the greater weight is compensated for by swinging with springs instead of a top spring. The major change was an in engine capacity to 2900/3200 and to 3400 cm 3. These were cars manufactured mostly to with many luxury With these models, is great variability to meet the requirements of customers. The cars targeted at the upper class a price ranging from to 15,000 Reichsmarks, almost the price of the MB 200 cars. The standard was used for the sports convertible and the version, the elongated chassis for a range of car bodies, including the convertible F. The cars were and comfortable. They were for long journeys and high and required good-quality straight sections. It was the era when the first were constructed. Due to its 80 HP output, it was used for ambulance cars and vehicles.

The infamous Mercedes Benz 320 B is probably the car in which the Reich Reinhard Heydrich, was seated his assassination.

The most famous era of Mercedes production is undoubtedly of the Mercedes Benz 500 K, 540 K and 770. In of engine capacity, these had the highest capacity of the pre-war All these models were cars made to measure; later on were even cars. They were with eight-cylinder engines using an injection pump, an output of 160 and 180 HP for 500 and 540 models and 230 HP for the 770 model. only big parade and armoured were manufactured with overfilled engine model.

The of the automobile industry the origin of Benz

1876 development of the engine — Nikolaus Ott o (1832 — 1891)

first three-wheel automobile of Benz (1844-1929)

1886 four-wheel automobile of Gottlieb (1834-1900)

1888 first ride in a car by Berta Benz

development of the diesel engine Rudolf Diesel ( 1858 1913 ),

1905 the name is patented

1926 the Daimler and companies merge

symbol: the name of Rudolf Jellinek’s

Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23
Mercedes-Benz 130H W23

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