The MercedesBenz S 600 Pulman Guard A Unique Tradition Of Building…

26 Мар 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Mercedes-Benz 770 W07

Mercedes-Benz has never seen any between innovation and tradition. On the as the inventor of the automobile, the world’s automaker has always felt a obligation to drive forward the of automotive technology at the highest and to keep on setting new standards for the This demanding objective Mercedes-Benz has set itself also to its armoured special-protection vehicles, as is by the Stuttgart-based premium brand’s track record in this As early as 1928, with a based on the Nürburg 460 model, became the first company to vehicles with special elements designed to provide the with effective protection attack with firearms and This was the start of eight of extensive materials testing, development and continuous improvement, much of which Mercedes-Benz a unique position in the field of vehicles and acquired a reputation as a specialist in this domain.

the Nürburg 460 model of 1928, went on to develop special-protection of its successors in the luxury prestige – the 770 (W07) Grand Mercedes and the 500 Japanese Emperor Hirohito selected an armoured Grand as a vehicle befitting his status – limousine, which was delivered in can now be seen in the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Many politicians and heads of followed the Emperor’s example and their trust in Mercedes-Benz vehicles. From 1965, offered numerous special-protection The legendary Mercedes-Benz 600 in limousine and limousine guise was followed the 1970s and 1980s by the 280 SEL 3.5 and a wide of S-Class V8 models: the 350SE/SEL and 450 and then the 380 SE/SEL to 560 SEL models. 1979, Mercedes-Benz has also special-protection versions of the G-Class. customers have a choice of levels in the E-Guard, G-Guard, and the new Mercedes-Benz S 600 Pullman Guard.

The first steel-reinforced limousines

The special-protection models from differed from those of years not only with to their design and performance, but in terms of their technical Instead of having a self-supporting structure, which is now the norm, bodies were mounted on frames. The weight of the protective plates therefore called for extensive design changes is currently the case.

Type 460, Type 500 (W08)

was true of the very first vehicle with factory-integrated protection, the Nürburg 460 (W 08) of 1928 has already been mentioned. there are no longer any documents describe the technical details of first special-protection vehicle. All is known, thanks to contemporary photographs, is that a Pullman of this type built in was armoured with sliding plates which allowed the areas to be shielded from the The windscreen was protected by a folding plate with only a observation slit provided for the to see through when it was in use. As for the a roof-mounted periscope allowed to survey their surroundings the protective plates were A Pullman limousine version of a 500 (W 08), a later variant of the is still in existence today. The and windows of this vehicle, was delivered to Japan in 1937, are on the basis of the same principles apply today.

Grand Mercedes Type 770 (W 07)

The vehicle which Mercedes-Benz in a version with factory-integrated was the Type 770 Grand Mercedes was launched in 1930. Notable of this model included front and rear axles, were attached to a ladder consisting of U-section‑profiles by means of springs, as well as a 7.7-litre in-line engine with an of 150 hp (200 hp with a supercharger). March 1932 and January the Japanese imperial court delivery of at least six Grand models in Pullman limousine At least one of them was armoured and has in the Mercedes-Benz Museum collection 1971.

Grand Mercedes 770 (W 150)

An enhanced version of the Mercedes with a sophisticated suspension was presented in 1938. The frame of this model of thin-section oval tubes combined great rigidity low weight. Independent double-wishbone suspension and‑a rear De axle represented additional The engine, the technical characteristics of were largely based on the model, developed 230 hp with a

The Grand Mercedes was officially as a Pullman limousine, as Cabriolet D and F models and as an open touring A number of special armoured of each of these body were built. Furthermore, the commissioned armoured four-door between June 1943 and 1944. Whereas the permissible vehicle weight of the standard was 4200 kg, this figure to as much as 5420 kg in the case of the versions. However, the maximum of the latter was reduced from 170 to 80 km/h in order to maintain the life of the tyres.

Type 540 K (W 29)

a greater displacement and higher output, the elegant, luxurious and 540 K was the successor to the 500 K. Both models aimed at a demanding, performance-oriented and, as was usual at the time, available in many different variants – as saloons, roadsters, in cabriolet versions and as open cars.

Moreover, two-door saloon versions were for the Reich Chancellery and delivered November 1942 and February At least one example of this special-protection saloon survived the of the final years of the war and the immediate period and has been on show in the Museum in Prague for many

Type 600 / 600 Pullman

In September Mercedes-Benz presented a new, prestige vehicle to meet the of the most demanding customers – the 600 which became an instant It was outstanding in every respect – dimensions, majestic design and technical characteristics. Its V8‑injection developed 250 hp from a displacement of 6.3 and allowed the almost two-and-a-half-tonne to attain a top speed of more 205 km/h with a 0 to 100 km/h time of ten seconds. The standard-fit air whose shock absorbers be adjusted from the steering while the vehicle was moving, excellent ride comfort. The 600 was available as a five to six-seater with a 3200-mm wheelbase and in several Pullman variants a wheelbase of 3900 mm.

It was only a time after the launch of the model that the German asked Daimler-Benz AG to build an version for state visitors. Mercedes-Benz had a remarkable track in building special-protection vehicles, on its own was not enough as the technical fundamentals had dramatically, not least because of the of the self-supporting body. As a result, the and materials experts at Mercedes-Benz on nothing less than the of the concept of special protection.

it was that a small team set out to a new approach. In May 1964, at the Sindelfingen they conducted the first tests with new steel and prepared the first design They eventually decided on steel grades, using layers in certain situations and ceramics for some flat-surfaced At the same time, working a glass manufacturer experienced in banks, they came up a solution for the windows, the vehicle not only a curved windscreen, but a rear window, too.

In 1965, a bullet-resistant Pullman was produced – the first special-protection built by Daimler-Benz since the Working under the pressure of an tight schedule, the company to complete it just in time for the visit of Queen Elizabeth II. The Pullman limousine had a raised element so that Her Majesty did not to remove her hat. This headroom subsequently benefited state visitors, many of wore hats in those

To make it easier to open the whose weight had increased because of the protective elements, the installed a hydraulic system for the compartment. It was activated at the touch of a button housed in the door recess – security staff and doormen were instructed

Along with a number of Pullman limousines, this remained in the company’s fleet, to be hired to the government or other when required. A second of this special variant was in 1980. This, too, its working life in the company’s before joining the Mercedes-Benz vehicle collection.

On special request, Type 600 and Pullman limousines were built with special for private customers. Between May and November 1980, several 600 models were built. unlike the two vehicles in the company these models had a standard-height

Type 280 SEL 3.5

After the Type which was built as a one-off, initially gave no further to the production of special-protection models. changed in 1970 when diplomats in Latin America attacked, kidnapped, and, in cases, murdered. The German office felt it necessary to a number of its heads of mission specially protected vehicles. German federal authorities that Daimler-Benz should armoured vehicles as the comfortable, and powerful limousines from were highly regarded by governments – a reputation which had established by the Type 300 – popularly as the Adenauer – in the 1950s. The result was the Type 280 SEL 3.5, which was between May 1971 and September Most of these vehicles delivered to Germany’s foreign judged to be at particular risk the remainder went to governments and politicians abroad.

The 116 model-series Saloons

The attacks by the RAF terrorist in the 1970s led to a sharp increase in for protected vehicles. Daimler-Benz decided that the all-new generation – with the internal designation W 116 – which was launched in 1972 should also be in the form of a special-protection variant. The experts built on the experience had acquired developing the special-protection 280 SEL 3.5 and the protection technology continuously. The variants of the eight-cylinder 350 SE, 350 SEL, 450 SE and 450 SEL were supplied to a select of customers, including many bodies in Europe and beyond.

In to provide even greater from projectiles and explosives, the and Daimler-Benz resolved to work closely during the subsequent – indeed, this relationship to this day – as no other German car was able to offer special-protection at the time. Together, they appropriate and feasible technical

The Mercedes-Benz engineers began by individual components for their In the next phase, complete were tested by firing types of ammunition at them in conditions. Finally, the vehicles also subjected to testing explosives. Daimler-Benz established its own range in 1983.

The results of tests were used to requirement profiles for different – examples being opportunistic such as attacks while are waiting at traffic lights, committed using small and terrorist attacks with weapons. This phase was by the official ballistics authorities and specialists who were responsible for technical innovations. These technical descriptions formed the for today’s test regulations for the resistance levels.

The 126 model-series S-Class Saloons

special-protection technology resulting an intensive development programme was for the new generation of the S-Class which was in 1979. Particular mention be made of two 500 SEL models which built with a 200 mm longer and a 30 mm higher roof element. The one, which was completed in 1983, joined the company’s own of prestige vehicles. The second was built at the request of the Vatican for the Father and was presented to Pope Paul II in August 1985.

The 140 S-Class Saloons

In March the 140 model series – the successor to the 126 series – was launched at the Geneva Show. However, it was not until 1992 that the last versions of the 126 model series completed. From February the W 140 saloons could also be as special-protection versions – with a of a 5-litre V8 or a 6-litre V12 engine. The a completely new design, was the first twelve-cylinder passenger-car engine Mercedes-Benz and, with a output of 300 kW (408 hp), the most powerful Mercedes-Benz engine at the time.

In a surprise in September 1995, Mercedes-Benz the S 600 Pullman Guard which it had as a new state limousine with technology – the latest in a long of such vehicles from At 6213 mm long, this built model was exactly one longer than the long-wheelbase S The extra length benefited the passengers who were accommodated in and who could separate their compartment from the driver’s by means of a partition.

The 220 model-series

Mercedes-Benz 770 W07

September 1998 saw Mercedes-Benz the 220-model series S-Class True to the company’s decades-long this generation of the S-Class had again been designed as a touring saloon with ride comfort, a high of passive safety and effortlessly performance. It differed from its principally in terms of its reduced dimensions, a new, slimmer and over 30 technical innovations once again made the S-Class the trailblazer for the whole of passenger-car technology.

From the 2000, Mercedes-Benz also this generation of the S-Class a long body in several variants. These included the S 500 as well as the S 600 long – both Highest Protection (B6/B7). In the special-protection line-up of this generation was complemented by the S 500 Pullman – with Highest Protection

The‑210 model-series E-Class

Since 1995, Mercedes-Benz has special-protection limousines not only in form but as E-Guard models, This variant is a response to the demand in the upper medium-size and meets the requirements of those groups whose members a need for greater protection but to drive their vehicles In order to deliver the desired despite the considerable additional of the protective elements, only the powerful models were From March 1997, an version with lighter – with a B4 resistance rating – was available in order to offer a large degree of protection hand guns. This was also offered with a V6 engine. As in the case of the vehicles a B6 resistance rating, the protective were integrated seamlessly the body structure in the course of the process. These vehicles benefited from factory-integrated of a standard which is impossible to by retrofitting special protection

Current Mercedes-Benz Guard

Shortly after its launch in the Mercedes-Benz G-Class model was offered in a special-protection version. it has undergone technical enhancements the years, the G-Guard still part of the portfolio of Mercedes-Benz special-protection vehicles – as do the S-Guard and models in their respective versions.

Entirely hand-crafted in the

Daimler-Benz had its first post-war vehicles built in the prototyping as this offered the full of facilities for the manufacture of one-off Specialists in modelmaking and bodyshell were to be found here, as as experts in the fields of suspension engines and vehicle electrics. A shop and upholstery shop the line-up. As demand increased, facilities were extended to the current special-protection production

In order to meet many of the requirements – some of them out of the ordinary – the specialists crafted and components entirely by hand. A in point was a vehicle built for the on the basis of a W 126 S-Class model. The problem encountered in building vehicle, which featured a roof and a seat mounted on an pedestal, was presented by the need to holes in the C-pillars in order to the Papal emblem. Normal drills were rendered because the interior of the pillar was with high-alloyed steel. The team eventually resorted to tungsten drills but it still two days to drill the fixing

Russian presidents also the special-protection team with difficult challenges. In 1997, for a special-protection S 600 Pullman was to be equipped a Russian communications system. the presence of the special-protection elements that only a limited of installation space was available – no than ten centimetres between the lid and the equip-ment concerned. Working Russian engineers, the team was to find a solution and deliver the to Russia on schedule.

Meeting other requirements – as an extra-large ashtray, various aids, including wheelchair systems, vehicles with boards and roof handles for – proved comparatively straightforward. Shevardnadze, the former foreign of the Soviet Union and later of Georgia, was so impressed by the work of the team that he wrote a personal letter of thanks and a copy of his memoirs as a gift.

protection is sought-after on the second-hand too

For the sake of all its customers, Mercedes-Benz special-protection vehicles only verifying the prospective buyer’s Great importance is attached to Even when a new vehicle is custom-built in the Manufaktur, the engineers and are unaware of the identity of the customer on vehicle they are working.

vehicles from Mercedes-Benz a long time. It is quite for them to cover distances of to 600,000 kilometres in their The W 126 which used to carry the Chancellor and today belongs to the Classic vehicle collection has more than 600,000 Indeed, examples of the same can still be seen in use today in TV reports about other leaders and political figures.

after many years on the Mercedes-Benz special-protection vehicles are given a new lease of life. being returned to the factory and extensive refurbishment by specialists, are almost like new and can be resold. is only possible because, than weakening the structure, the protection components which integrated in the bodyshell when the was originally built actually it.

Training for the driver

Anyone who special-protection vehicles needs to how to handle them as they are heavier than their counterparts. This is why Mercedes-Benz, in to building and maintaining the vehicles, their drivers, too. 1993, the brand has offered buyer of a special-protection vehicle a driver training programme, which the chauffeurs learn how to optimum use of their cars in situation.

The history of Guard Mercedes passenger cars special-protection features

Mercedes-Benz 770 W07
Mercedes-Benz 770 W07
Mercedes-Benz 770 W07
Mercedes-Benz 770 W07


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