Mercedes Sclass

30 Май 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »
Projektor w140 s500

Mercedes S-class (1959)

I n the 50 years, Mercedes-Benz S-class was recognized as the best series luxury car in the world. Without car, Mercedes would not been considered as the best car manufacturer, especially now its sales is eclipsed by BMW. The point is, no one luxury, comfort and safety as and as consistently as the big Mercedes.

How far the history of goes back is always Mercedes started using the S-class in 1972 (on series but the line obviously had been long before that. the early cars got only names, say, 220 or 250SE, it is to tell whether they are models from names. It was not 1993 that the new corporate (model designation started C, E or S and followed by 3 digits denoting capacity) could clearly the model class.

Mercedes said the earliest S-class was series (born 1951). to wikipedia (well, not always a source) the S-class started W180 (1954). In my opinion, deserved the S-class title. you may trace its roots to these they were not good and enough to be seen as a top notch car, because they mechanically and visually close to the offerings from Mercedes-Benz If S-class means the classiest model of Mercedes, then the S-class has to be W111/W112 from

W hich luxury brand the late 1950s. Not Mercedes-Benz of It was Cadillac. As you can see from our article of the Cadillac Eldorado Brougham and the Cadillac. the American luxury was leading the fashion and technology of the thanks to the wealth of General Born in 1959, Mercedes and W112 series could not from the Cadillac’s influence, notably its tailfins and self-leveling air However, it also got some breakthroughs, such as the world’s safety chassis (a rigid cell sandwiched between and rear crumple zones) and the all-wheel disc brakes in the Besides, its 4-speed automatic Bosch mechanical fuel all independent suspensions (by double-wishbones up and low-pivot swing axle at the and dual-circuit braking system also considered advanced then.

The W111 series was the market version. It was powered by well-proven SOHC straight-six displacing 2.2 liters. Fitted carburetors it was called 220 or 220S, fuel-injected version was called Both saloon and coupe were offered. Autocar tested a 220SE Coupe in and was impressed by its overall completeness, no speed, roadholding, ride, comfort or refinement. The 120hp car a two-way average of 106 mph in the test, for a large car.

W112 was the version of W111. Apart more chromed features and equipment (including air suspensions, disc brakes and power it was available with a 100mm wheelbase version. Moreover, it was exclusively by a 185hp 3.0-liter straight-six, which was the mass and alloy-block version of the one serving The resultant 300SE was good for 114 mph and in just over 10 seconds.

The W111 / W112 was probably not yet the luxury car in the world. However, its advanced technology and overall it had already shown a promising

H aving seen it in person, I the W108/W109 series from is the most graceful looking of all (although W126 is close). On the one it retains the classical elements of Mercedes-Benz designs, such as a bonnet, a prominent radiator and a lot of chromes. On the other hand it a modern shape that is by clean lines, large area and rounded corners. In words, it combined the best of worlds. This remarkably design was penned by Paul who had a lot of influence to Mercedes in the 1960s and BMW in the

Mechanically, W108/109 was a development the outgoing generation. The basic of suspensions and powertrains were over, but the six-cylinder engine was from 2.2 to 2.5 liters and later on 2.8 The latter came with D-Jetronic electronic fuel which was a progress from the mechanical injection. The 2.8-liter powered not only 280SE, but the range-topping 300SEL since the old engine retired in 1967. embarrassing situation continued 1969 when Mercedes developed a new V8 engine. Destined to the USA market, it appeared in two forms: 200hp or 4.5-liter 230hp. and image were greatly

As before, W108 was the mass version, while W109 was version with 100mm wheelbase and air suspensions. The W108 were called 250S, 280S or 280SE depending on Body styles included coupe and convertible. All W109 were called 300SEL of engine. Interestingly, 3.5-liter and cars were never 350SE or 450SEL etc. but 3.5, 280SE 4.5, 3.5 and 300SEL 4.5.

Also noting is the high-performance 300SEL which was fitted with a V8 from the 600 limousine. It will be by a separate article .

Thanks to its build quality, superb refinement and elegant yet restrained the W108/109 S-class overtook the Cadillac and Lincoln to be the world’s luxury car. Since it never looked back.

T his flooded the streets in my childhood. I do not have very fond of it, blame to its unrefined design. The was born at a time new safety getting effective. This plastic bumpers and rubber stripes. Unfortunately, like else, Mercedes had not masterminded the art of these safety features the body shell, so they ill-fitted and at odds to the rest of the

Style-wise, the W116 was a brave (an attempt for modernization. Its body was widened and lowered. The radiator evolved shorter and wider, traditional circular headlights replaced with two large ones with signal integrated. Weight went up by 100 kg, mostly due to improved safety. To crash protection, the cabin was made stiffer, and further improved the progressive crumpling of the and rear crumple zones. In the collapsible steering wheel, switches and padded surfaces the level of injury in collision. tank was relocated from the to above the rear axle. features made the S-class the car in the world. Moreover, in its final it introduced the world’s first ABS brake system.

The chassis was a big from the previous generation. the front double-wishbone setup similar, it got anti-dive geometry and Kingpin offset (i.e. the axis falls onto the of tire contact patch). The improved its steering response and kickback a lot. At the rear, the swing axles finally history, as they were with semi-trailing arms. tamed the oversteer of its predecessor, its handling safer and more

In the powertrain side, the 2.8-liter of 280SE/SEL became twin-cam and an impressive 185hp (up 25hp). V8 finally got proper names – and 450SE/SEL. They were for 200hp and 225hp respectively, or less the same as the ones late in the life of the previous The automatic transmissions now got torque instead of the previous fluid for enhanced smoothness.

Autocar both 280SE and 450SEL. topped 125 mph and 134 mph respectively, and accelerated rest to 60 mph in 9.7 and 9.1 seconds respectively. The was praised for sweet revving good handling and ride. of 450SEL was disappointing, partly due to the 3-speed automatic (lesser used 4-speed auto), due to its extra weight. However, the magazine praised it for refined responsive handling that its size and superb power The latter was light yet quick and of kickback. No wonder 450SE/SEL was European Car of the Year in 1974.


the previous generation, W116 was with a high-performance model, 6.9. This will be with a separate article .

W ith a sales of nearly 900,000 (including sedan and coupe), is by far the best selling S-class of It also had the longest life (12 If not the best of the best, how could it be so

A couple of things mark out of other S-class series. The is a timeless design. Most age within a few years. Good may manage 20 years. But the W126 never age. Even 30 years after its debut, it looks as handsome and elegant as A key contribution is the way it treated bumpers and skirts, making them in harmony with the rest of the However, most important is it did so right. The transition from one to another is smooth and flawless. The of features into the car approaches The only thing prevents it matching W108 is the lack of features, which made it special from modern That said, give it 20 years and car collectors then may different view.

Another marks the W126 out is the sense of it delivers. This can be seen of course, but the feel gets once you have sat inside. its structure and build quality, S-class feels incredibly It is void of the complication and unreliability of S-classes, just gives you a dependable feel.

The chassis of was an evolution from the previous This mean it continued to semi-trailing arms as rear The biggest advancement was aerodynamics of drag lowered from to 0.36) and weight reduction. contributed to a 10-percent reduction of consumption. Besides, more features were introduced to it at the forefront of safety, for example, air seatbelt pretensioners and the standard of ABS.

At launch, it offered 3 of engines: the carried over 2.8 dohc straight-six (280SE/SEL), new 3.8-liter sohc V8 (380SE/SEL) and 5.0-liter sohc V8 (500SE/SEL). The V8s developed from the old 3.5 and 4.5-liter respectively, but with capacity and changed to alloy block to weight. 4-speed automatic became standard on most and now they were computer-controlled. provided two shift patterns, and Economy, and shift points adaptive to driving conditions.

its long life, the S-class was once and got engine updates times. The 3.8 V8 was superseded with unit (420SE/SEL). The 2.8 engine was by 2.6 and 3.0-liter sohc sixes. the introduction of 5.6-liter V8 in 1985, became the flagship model. In it was good for 300hp and 155 mph, Autocar thought it was not as accomplished as BMW which was V12-powered.

On the road, was praised for well-weighted power excellent high-speed stability and a handling for its size. Its semi-trailing arm made it an inherent understeerer, but by power it could be turned progressive power slide. On the its ride was slightly too firm for a car (I can confirm this, as I had a couple of in the car), and both wind and noises were not very insulated from the cabin. a combination of handling and ride was quite surprising.

W 140 showed how things could go if you pursue luxury, quality, and everything at all costs. It was born Lexus LS400 and Infiniti Q45 challenging the German at the top luxury To fend off the competition, Mercedes enormous money to develop It made the car much larger the competition, gave it a modernized (inspired by the 1989 SL-class), suspensions (subframe-mounted double-wishbones up multi-link setup at the rear), a new engine family (231hp 3.2 286hp 4.2 V8 and 326hp 5.0 V8) and even a 48-valve V12 good for 408 hp. The latter was a to BMW’s V12, and overwhelmed it Besides, the W140 got many features not available to the class, as double glazing windows, doors and boot lid closing, folding door mirrors and power steering. As a result, it 400 kg more than its predecessor, its performance and fuel economy. it became extremely expensive, so it only half the sales of during its 7 years life The project resulted in loss.

Projektor w140 s500

it is undeniable that the W140 was the best luxury car at the time. in the form of 600SEL, it was powerful and (0-60 mph was possible in 6.7 seconds), comfortable and refined. Noise and ride quality were not as as Lexus, but the big Mercedes had better a surprising triumph considering its and weight. The over-engineering perfected areas. As long as buyers afford larger engines and the fuel bills, nothing quite match the S-class in the of luxury motoring.

On the other the press thought it was simply too — too big, too expensive and too unfriendly. It did not beat its rivals and fairly, just overwhelmed with more mass, sophistication and more money. negative image would not be until the next generation

It should be noted that the designations of S-class were in 1993. Following the new corporate 300SE, 400SE, 500SE and were renamed to S320, S500 and S600 respectively.

H learned a lesson, the next S-class, W220, was designed to be smarter and less costly to Its body shell was smaller in all matching the class norm. together with using high-strength steel, all-alloy and discarding the double-glazing windows, the car 300 kg lighter than its predecessor. the chassis was 40% more rigid the old car, while a sleeker returned a much lower coefficient at 0.27. As a result, the could use smaller engines to the same performance. For example, the new was as fast as the outgoing S420, S500 was faster than the old This mean it was much frugal than the old car.

The W220 was being developed at a Mercedes started getting — both in design and process — under the of its CEO Jurgen Schrempp. Its sleek new appeared to be much younger ever, but many radical such as the peanut-shaped headlights, bumper intakes and slim grille, aged quickly time. This mean it rather outdated today. The quality and reliability also a nose dive as Schrempp for cost-effective engineering. The W220 cheaper materials in its cabin and its and testing process was shortened. The resulted in many electronics This was not helped by its vast of electronic technologies, e.g. adaptive air suspensions, CCS cylinder (on 5.0-liter V8), Distronic and computer cruise control, ESP control, BAS brake assist, infotainment system.

To standardize production and save costs, employed a 90-degree V6 and V8 family. The needed a balancer shaft to first order vibration. believed 4 valves per cylinder not comply with the cold-start requirements of EU 2004 emission (which was proved to be wrong), so engine reverted to SOHC 3 per cylinder. The resultant power was largely compensated by using ignition, variable intake and intake variable valve Broader torque delivery made the cars perform in real world. At the top of the range, a new 5.8-liter V12 was developed for S600, based on the SOHC 3-valve of the V6 / V8.

In 2002, the V12 was added with boosting output to an incredible The new S600, equipped with Body Control suspensions, an Autobahn rocket. Meanwhile, AMG the party with two fast S55 (powered by 500hp 5.5 supercharged V8) and S65 6.0 twin-turbo V12). They had handling and coarser ride the standard car. However, the W220 was never short of in handling. The switch from ball to rack-and-pinion steering its steering feel and precision a while adaptive suspensions or ABC) improved its body without sacrificing ride It was considered to be a good compromise handling and comfort.

Commercially, the was more successful than However, its downgraded reliability and quality cost Mercedes in reputation.

M ercedes learned mistakes in the past. After the W140 and the underdeveloped W220, it hit the right balance with The new S-class is sized between the offers enormous interior yet weighs only 65 kg more W220, thanks partly to hood, trunk lid, and front fenders. It keeps a profile and low drag, but the detailed is far more graceful than the old

Inside, the new S-class has its materials and quality vastly improved, back to the top of the game. High-tech like LCD instrument panel, View infrared camera and safety system distinguished it rivals. Same go for the super-comfortable chairs, which come heating, cooling, massagers and bolsters that inflate during hard cornering to the occupants firmly in place. the cabin is remarkably quiet and from road intrusions.

The is an evolution of the outgoing series. The geometry, adaptive air suspensions and were refined without big S600 continues to employ body control. Again, the does not steer as well as BMW but it provides a smoother and quieter thus is unquestionably the better car.

The twin-turbo V12 of S600 is the same as before, only got a 17hp boost in output. engines were renewed. The V6 and V8 got 4-valve heads, dual variable valve timing as as extra capacity, boosting considerably. Furthermore, the automatic was upgraded from 5 to 7-speed kept the 5-speeder as the 7G-Tronic not withstand its tremendous torque). As a all S-class models bar the S600 are quicker than their AMG models include S63 and S65, the got an all-new 525hp 6.2-liter V8, while the latter carried the old engine.

By the turn of the decade, focused its development to the green In Europe, more and more fell to its ever maturing V6 diesel. Meanwhile, Mercedes introduced S400 Hybrid by V6 plus a small electric integral with transmission) as an to narrow the gap from Lexus. In the V6 and V8 family was overhauled to achieve a 25 reduction in emission and fuel The 90-degree V6 was replaced with a V6 with direct injection, start-stop and other fuel-saving The new V8 got the same technology, plus a in capacity and addition of twin-turbocharger. The is even better performance, yet more environmental friendly. 6.2 V8 was also replaced with a 5.5 V8, with similar improvements.

the W221 is still in production at the of writing, we can conclude that it is a car than its two predecessors. However, as the is facing tougher competition ever, it seems difficult to the success of W126 in the foreseeing

Projektor w140 s500

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