MercedesBenz SL Evolution

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Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230

Mercedes-Benz SL Evolution Mercedes-Benz SL

Words by Ya’acov Zalel

The term SL-Class refers to the variations of the vehicle, including the engine configurations spanning design generations.

In 1950, as the automotive industry began to from the horrors of World War II, made the decision to go back motor racing. Rudolf a gifted engineer and driver, was the of the passenger car research at the automaker and was involved in their racing during the ’30s. He received the for the project and in a few months, he built a codenamed W194, which the basis for the 300 SL.

The Racing Car That the Mercedes-Benz SLraquo


The 300 stood for most prominent model at the from which the heavy the engine (in a modified version), and the were adopted. In order to weight, Daimler engineers a tubular spaceframe chassis of thin tubes joined to form triangles. The frame 50 kg, hence the acronym SL, Super in English, or Superleicht in German. It was a relief to the 3.0-liter 170hp which was installed at the front in a 50 inclination to the left in order to the hood’s profile and lower the center of gravity.

The engine was fed by and power was transmitted to the rear The thin aluminum body were hand-crafted by Daimler The Gullwing doors, which the car’s trademark, were a of the wide body needed to the chassis’ high rigidity. All in all it was a exercise in mechanical engineering created an impressive race car won four out of five races it part in during the 1952 These included the 24 Hours of Le the Jubilee Grand Prix for cars at the Nurburgring. the Bern for Sports Car, and the 3,100 km race across Mexico, the Panamericana.

It only failed to win the Miglia, in which two 300 SLs placed 2nd and In the years to come, this car became the inspiration for the famous

The Mercedes 300 SL Coupe — the First Supercar

Two individuals, names are neither Benz nor influenced the fate of Daimler and both of them were salesmen. The first one was Emil whose story belongs in era. The second was Maxi Daimler’s US distributor, who promised top executives that he will be to sell 1,000 units of the 300 SL in the US. In so, he forced them to consider that successful race car a road car.

The result of request were three based on two platforms: the 300 SL Gullwing the Coupe), the 190 SL open-top, and the 300 SL Roadster. The two debuted at the International Motor Show in New York in 1954. The Coupe was an advanced development of the racing chassis; its 3.0-liter engine was much stronger the engine due to the installation of a mechanical injection system, the first of its in a passenger car. It was a real with a top speed of 155 mph. Its shape was an imitation of the original SL with its combat and racing as well.

It was heavier, due to the need for convenience items and a more interior finish. On the road, it had a to oversteer under acceleration. no electronic speed limiter was sometimes a note with a 120 mph top speed could be found to the dashboard. In just three 1,400 300 SL Coupes were before it was replaced by the roadster II) on the same spaceframe chassis, but to standard doors and without the head cover. It was propelled by the 3.0-liter 215hp engine.

The received a rectangular shape in a position. The hood was decorated as with two, longitudinal a retractable roof was installed, from 1958, a removable version was also available.

For the Mercedes 190 SL Was the Best

With all the symbolic importance of the 300 SL, the second iteration of the 1st generation, the 190 SL, was more popular. It was based on a W121 chassis and was propelled by a 105hp engine; good for relaxed open-top driving. The 190 SL did not pretend to possess a racing It was an elongated and elegant car with an long engine bay against a trunk, and with a retractable roof made of fiber.

car was intended for a class of customers who to travel large distances at high cruising speeds in externally very sporty car, as wrote the design Josef Muller. Its body were similar to those of the version and the 1.9-liter engine overhead camshaft was good for 106 mph. On the hood was one longitudinal and located bulge and the dashboard was from that of the coupe. It without saying that didn’t encounter any difficulties in those 1,000 cars he to sell.

By the end of the model’s life in 25,881 units of the 190 SL were along with an additional units of the 300 SL Roadster. All in all, 29,000 first generation SL units were sold. It was a and promising start for the new line.

Design Shaped the Most SL Ever

Two extremely talented took part in creating the Frenchman Paul Bracq, who was 30 years old when the car was launched. He it with subtle artistic that is evident all throughout the He is also responsible for the individual roof. The second designer was Barenyi, probably the most inventor in the history of the motor who contributed a few advanced safety

The exterior of the 230 SL is characterized by distinct, lines and the unmistakable SL front-end. The from the hood to the trunk was evenly distributed than therefore the car looks more and less powerful. The headlamps are in portrait position (as in the W198 the air intakes beyond the front disappeared and the two longitudinal bulges on the were erased. The dashboard was almost the same as that of the 300 SL It had two prominent round gauges, one for the the other for a tachometer, and between was a longitudinally positioned set of gauges.

The Most Elegant SL Everraquo

its predecessor, it was a two-seater with an extra rear transverse just like in the 190 SL. Since the for the W113’s floor unit was the floor, the world’s first with a safety body was copied to the W113 chassis as It was designed to reduce injury in accidents and seatbelts were The body adopted from the 220 SE was by more subtle lines, at the front-end. It was first introduced as 230 SL a 6-cylinder 2.3-liter 148hp The car was a bit heavier than competing though a few panels were of aluminum in order to lighten it.

editions were the 250 SL and the 280 SL, both inline 6-cylinder engines. The 230 SL was as a roadster with a user-friendly soft top or a thoroughbred hardtop Those roof versions later adapted later to the 250 SL and the 280 SL. The 230 SL in its coupe version also its abilities in long distance a motorsport format that no exists. In 1963, it won the Spa-Sofia-Liege rally, one of the most grueling and events on the calendar.

The Longest Span of a Mercedes-Benz Model

Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230

For 18 years, Daimler produced the R 107 SL (R for Roadster), the longest run of an SL Class It had a slick and elegant body was beefier than its predecessor. The version maintained a few cues the Pagoda roof, though it the charisma of the previous two generations. The was characterized by the rectangular grill, and the were positioned in a landscape as opposed to the previous portrait

The main novelty of this was the integration of V8 engines, the first with an engine larger the six-cylinder. Bizarrely, the first used a 4.5-liter engine but was 350 SL and only when exports to the US in 1972, the 450 SL, with the same was born. However, the 350’s sputtered 200hp and the 450’s was more powerful with As with the previous generation, one was available as either an open top in soft top or hard top version) or a which was called the SLC. It was on the R 107 but had a few different design cues.

This was produced for ‘only’ 10 before it was replaced by the new SLC in 1981. the 18 year SL life span, were versions like the 280 SL and 280 SLC an inline six-cylinder 185hp a response to the oil crisis of 1973), 300 SL six-cylinder 188hp engine, the end of model production), 420 SL (V8 218hp 380 SL and 380 SLC (V8 218 engine) 500 SL and 500 SLC (V8 240hp engine). The evolved throughout and during the few years of the generation they equipped with the first converter systems. Once a lot of efforts were made to the innovation of safety features.

were thanks to a carefully crumple body behavior and shell, a high-strength A-pillar, and appointments uncompromisingly designed to safety criteria. When ended, more than a million third generation SLs produced and a record was set for the longest period of one model by Daimler-Benz in the history.

The Revolutionary Mercedes SL

Sacco, one of Daimler’s most post-war designers, was responsible for the from the 18 year old R 107 model to the R From the front the change is no more three-pointed star two metal stripes stretching out both sides. Instead, the is surrounded by seven stripes. To the front-end’s revival, two new almost headlamps were adopted. they weren’t relatively big and as were the headlamps from models.

Sacco gave the R 129 a and dynamic look with a slanted sharply backwards, and the grille is also tilted The stance is more aggressive, but the visual impression is of a more car with less sportive The hood is sleek without any The antiquated interior design, the large round gauges the ’50s and old materials from the was replaced with one unit of smaller gauges with fonts. The round air vents way to almost invisible rectangular and the center console became a center for various ancillaries were popular at the time.

The car remained a two-seater though two rear seats, suiting for were installed. As far as engines concerned, the R 129 had quite a few inline-sixes, and even the first V12 engine in an SL. first for the series was the automatic bar which was used for the first in a road car. So as not to impair driving pleasure with a installed, rigid roll a flexible solution was realized activates the roll-over protection if needed. When not in use the safety bar is in front of the soft-top compartment.

a roll-over threatens, the sensor-controlled bar is electromagnetically triggered, raised position by the force of pre-compressed within 0.3 seconds and secured by The high-strength center pillars, over a large area the rear longitudinal members, as a basis for mounting and as support. In to automatic triggering in an emergency, by of a switch the driver can choose to and lower the bar slowly, with a element carrying out the action. An ABS was also a new innovative concept later became a common in almost every car.

SL Class Loaded with Wizardry

The fifth generation SL was in July 2001, presenting its variant of the automaker’s then configuration theme. The transverse were increased in size and to three. However, the most exterior design change was the new roof, as opposed to the angular of the previous generation. It accentuated the hood along with the and compact trunk and decorated the car an energetic look.

The interior was also changed as the cluster of gauges was replaced with two round gauges. The SL 500, an output of 306hp, was the first to arrive on the market. It was later by the SL 55 AMG with a supercharged V8 engine and In 2002, the SL 350 featuring a 3.7-liter V6 245hp engine followed. And in 2003 Mercedes-Benz finally the 600 SL with the powerful 500hp V12 biturbo engine as their new model. The standard equipment leather-upholstered seats plus a function for the electric seat and wheel adjustment.

Other standard features a multifunction steering wheel, climate control, and stereo car As optional extras, innovative systems like the DISTRONIC control, the automatic emergency system TELEAID, the control and system COMAND or the electronic pressure monitoring system available. A facelift was done for From the side view the air in the wings are prominent (though were also similar air in the previous model), as they a typical feature of the first 300 SL. The became less prominent and integrated into the body

The hood was also beautifully with two elongated bulges. The raked windscreen emphasises the car character and accentuates the low, silhouette. Unlike its predecessors, the R SL always carried its hardtop around a vario-roof system. At the of a button the roof opens or in a 16-second process. An extremely swivelling mechanism ensures the three roof components into the upper part of the

Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230
Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230
Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230
Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230
Mercedes-Benz SL 600 500hp R230

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