MercedesBenz (Smart Car) Specifications

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car Smart City-Cabrio

Mercedes-Benz (Smart Car)

by RYAN on Wed Jul 07, 2010 7:13 pm

an automotive brand of Daimler AG, is a of microcars produced in Hambach, It is marketed as the smart in all lower-case, the Smart brand logo, as of denoting a letter c for compact and an for forward thinking.


In the 1980s SMH (makers of the Swatch of watches) CEO Nicolas Hayek developing an idea for a new car using the type of manufacturing strategies and features used to popularize watches. He believed that the industry had ignored a sector of customers who wanted a small and city car. This soon became known as the Hayek’s private company Engineering AG began designing the new car for with seating for two and a hybrid

While design of the car was proceeding feared existing manufacturers feel threatened by the Swatchmobile, rather than directly he preferred to cooperate with company in the automotive industry. would also relieve SMH of the burden in setting up a distribution Hayek approached several manufacturers and on July 3, 1991 he an agreement with Volkswagen to development of the new project.

By 1993 Piëch had become CEO of Volkswagen and he sought to terminate the project SMH. Volkswagen had already working on their own three-litre a car which would consume litres of fuel per 100 km of driving eventual Volkswagen Lupo Volkswagen’s own concept was believed to be a business proposition, featuring seats and more cargo

Hayek had suspected that would seek to end the agreement SMH upon his ascendancy to the CEO position, he discreetly began approaching car companies with the Swatchmobile Rebuffed by BMW, Fiat, Motors and Renault, he finally an informal agreement with AG, maker of Mercedes-Benz cars.

A was announced on March 4, 1994, at a conference at Mercedes-Benz headquarters in that the companies would forces in founding Micro Car AG (MCC). 49% of the initial capital of 50 Swiss francs were by SMH and the remaining 51% by Daimler-Benz. The company of two subsidiaries: MCC GmbH based in (a suburb of Stuttgart) which design the car, and the then-unnamed plant. SMH Auto SA, owned by would design a hybrid drive system for the car, Hayek Engineering would the design and manufacturing.

The press also featured the debut of two cars: the eco-sprinter and eco-speedster, by Mercedes-Benz’s design studio in The cars were reminiscent of the Smart City-Coupé. No mention was of the fact that SMH had no input in the of these concepts, and they badged as Mercedes-Benzes.

By the end of April 1994 MCC had set up a head in Biel, Switzerland.


Three co-directors were named to head the new company: and engineer Johann Tomforde and administrator Christoph Baubin Daimler-Benz, and marketing manager Jürg Schär, who spearheaded the Swatch marketing campaigns in the Tomforde had been working on the City Car (coincidentally abbreviated project at Daimler-Benz since which produced the aforementioned and eco-speedster concepts as well as the concept, which eventually the Mercedes-Benz A-Class.

One of the first at MCC was the name of the car itself. Nicolas insisted it retain ‘Swatch’ in way: Swatchmobile, or Swatch Daimler-Benz refused, and pushed for a name. The final name upon was Smart, an acronym had been previously used by MCC for Swatch Mercedes Art.

BY May of the co-directors had identified 74 potential for the assembly plant. The final was announced on December 20, 1994: France. The purpose-built factory gained the nickname Smartville.

devised a modular system of for the car, insisting suppliers and assemble, and even install own modules onto the final at the new plant using their own thus reducing the cost for the parent companies and divesting MCC of the and legal liabilities for those It also provided a fiscal whereby MCC could share the costs with the suppliers, than having to fund the project themselves. MCC secured with suppliers to design and almost all parts of the car: by Faurecia, interiors by VDO, and door modules by Magna, panels by Dynamit Nobel, and by Krupp.

Despite offloading a amount of the development on the suppliers MCC more capital. Recapitalization by increased their share of in the company to 81%, leaving SMH only the remaining 19%.

The plant opened October 27, with a ceremonial ribbon-cutting by President Jacques Chirac and Chancellor Helmut Kohl. of the new Smart city-Coupé was planned for 1998, however dynamic of the prototypes prompted Daimler-Benz to postponing the launch until 1998. Johann Tomforde was as chief engineer by Gerhard Fritz lowered the centre of widened the track, stiffened the changed the steering, and added weight to the front of the car in order to its stability in emergency avoidance (notably the Swedish moose

The car launched successfully in nine countries in October 1998, the final design did not fulfill expectations. Hayek pushed for a drivetrain but the final product a relatively conventional gasoline Shortly afterward Daimler-Benz out SMH’s remaining stake in the MCC was now a wholly-owned subsidiary of Daimler-Benz soon merged with Corporation to become DaimlerChrysler). The in Biel was shut down and were consolidated at the MCC GmbH centre in Germany. On January 1, MCC GmbH changed its name to MCC GmbH, and by 2000 it dropped the vestiges of the association with becoming smart GmbH.

The model line was eventually to include the Roadster and a front-engine, four-door, four-seat supermini named Forfour (the City-Coupé was rechristened Fortwo to fit the new scheme).

The ambitious expansion did not profits at the company: indeed, GmbH lost nearly 4 euros from 2003 to Plans were enacted to the company’s profitability and integrate its with DaimlerChrysler.

In 2005 decided against purchasing a 50% in the Dutch NedCar plant to manufacture the ForFour, ending its A planned SUV called Formore was as the assembly plant in Brazil was fitted with machines, and of the Roadster was discontinued. In 2006, dwindling sales and heavy losses, Smart GmbH was and its operations were absorbed by directly.

Smart now operates the Mercedes-Benz Cars division of AG, offering the Fortwo as its only


Apart from the short Smart Fortwo, a Smart Roadster, a limited of 2000 concept Smart and a supermini Smart Forfour also offered. These now been discontinued. There also plans to introduce the made cross-over based on the of the ForFour and the AWD hardware of the Mercedes with the name of Formore but of this was cancelled at the 11th (even as tooling was being in the assembly plant) due to unfavourable rate swings and spending driven by losses elsewhere Smart.

Production Models

Model Picture

1998–2000 City-Coupé City-Cabrio* (*from

2002 Smart Crossblade

Smart City-Coupé City-Cabrio Fortwo in 2004)

2001–2004 K (Japan only)

2003–2005 Roadster

2008–present Smart

2008–present (in limited trials) Fortwo ED (formerly known as EV)

and unproduced models




Electric versions


Main article: Smart ED

An rechargeable version is being in the UK as a lease vehicle on a limited At the Smart Car Brooklands event in 2008, a Smart EV was on display MercedesWorld and a representative stated the car would be for sale in the UK in 2010. will start the production of the Smart equipped with batteries in 2009 and production ramp up to mass production by A Smart Forfour has been into a plug-in hybrid by Technology Corporation and Zytek The lithium-ion battery can propel the up to 84 miles per hour (135 and last on its own for up to 20 miles (32 km). The is a combination of a 68-horsepower (51 kW), (92 cu in), 3-cylinder turbo diesel engine and two high-efficiency electric motors. It was awarded by the Saving Trust for the “Ultra Low Car Challenge” project.

Daimler AG and RWE AG have launched the largest joint project for friendly electric cars. will provide more 100 electric cars from and Smart as well as the vehicle new generation of Smart ED (electric and electric-battery driven vehicles Mercedes-Benz will come in use the e-mobility Berlin project. RWE is the development, installation and operation of the infrastructure. The new project is also from the experience gained by during the current pilot involving electro-mobility in London. last year, there has a test fleet of first-generation Fortwo ed cars. The start of production of battery-powered vehicles by and Smart is in 2010.

Smart ED is to be sold in the European Union in


Toyota iQ.

Volkswagen VW is fast-tracking development of an affordable new city car. VW can use in the electric battery technology from

Electric vehicle conversions

article: Electric vehicle

eSmart is a Smart Fortwo conversion. It has a 40 km range with AGM (100 km with Li-ion

Smart in Asia


Smart cars equipped engine sizes smaller 660 cubic centimetres (40 cu in) fit into the Kei car of cars in Japan, and are eligible for a of lower taxes. However, models with a larger do not meet the Kei qualifications. Because of taxation on older cars in many older used cars are exported to other with right-hand drive, Great Britain and South An official version of the Smart called the ‘Smart K’ has released to fit the Kei car category. English Steve Appleton (musician) is in a Smart TV commercial, running in during 2010.


was shown in April 2008 at the Auto Show 2008. Fortwo started the pre-sales in 2008 and the Smart vending road show in 12 cities October 2008 to February

Hong Kong

car Smart City-Cabrio

Smart is available in Hong Kong one authorized dealer.

Smart in America


The Smart Smart Fortwo was introduced in in late 2004 and was sold Mercedes-Benz dealers. Demand has heavy with up to 6-month lists in major urban in the spring of 2005. The vehicle has especially popular for light running for small shops and with many carrying paint jobs or stick-on boldly advertising the associated or service. However, recently the seems to have tapered needed] and some 2005 Fortwos have popped up in the car market. Canadian Smart cannot be registered in some in the US.

As of June 1, 2007, 9,200 Fortwo CDIs had been in Canada, and as of the end of the model 450 production 10,239 of these cars in this country. This stock is because as the model 450 production, after a run of 770,256 Mercedes-Benz Canada built-up to tide dealers over the successor model 450 arrived at the end of

The Canadian version of the Smart cdi sold to 915 customers over months in 2004; 4080 sold in 2005; and 3023 in Virtually all the deliveries in 2004 and of the deliveries in 2005 were to Smart fans who had been for their car for years, which accounts for the higher numbers. sales tapered off in late and the first couple of months of they rebounded strongly in 2007 and this trend through April, culminating May 2007, marking the car’s sales performance ever in at well over 500 units. are strongest (per capita) in Canada, with Vancouver and Vancouver being especially hot for Smart.

The 2007 (Europe) and (North America) Smart 451 saw an engine displacement increase to 1 litre up from 700 cc with the loss of fuel economy. of the diesel engine was restricted in markets in favor of the Mitsubishi unit. Currently, in North Smarts are sold with the gas engine in the US and Canada, with the more fuel efficient being sold in Mexico, and other World markets.


Smart Fortwo generation) parked in downtown D.C.Before 2008, Smart were only available in the States as grey market such as ZAP. U.S. regulations allow certain market importing in large provided the vehicles are modified and to conform to U.S. safety and regulations. Smart cars imported into the United by The Defiance Company LLC, by GK Automotive Conversion in Santa California, and distributed and sold by dealerships which were not with Mercedes. U.S. did not permit the purchase and import of Smart CDi vehicles from as the diesel powered Canadian did not meet American emissions

In June 2006, DaimlerChrysler that Smart would be launched in the United States in the quarter of 2008. The cars are through a dealership holding Penske Automotive Group, created a new U.S. dealership for the brand under the name USA. Initially, an updated powered Fortwo was offered, around US#36;12,000. The new model its debut at European auto in November 2006.

Hybrid plans to sell an electric of the Smart vehicle in the U.S. at US#36;35,000. It is being called a car even though the vehicle is The electric Smart car will a range of 120 to 150 miles (190–240 a top speed of 80 mph (130 km/h), and in 5 to 6 hours using a standard 110 V AC An electric Smart is currently testing in the UK and will only be to commercial clients as a trial for the being. The electric model is for a U.S. release for the 2012 year with some market cars surfacing in 4th 2010.

A Forbes article has been of the stated reasons that gave for introducing the car in the United The Smart fortwo is the most gasoline-engined car for sale in the US; however, to the EPA, the Smart’s fuel is lower than the fuel of some hybrids such as the Fusion hybrid Toyota the Honda Civic Hybrid, and the Honda Insight (making it the most fuel efficient in the U.S.), which achieve 45/40, and 61/70 respectively the Smart achieves 33 city and 41 though the Smart fortwo, is not a hybrid, costs about as much as a hybrid in the US.

The unique of the Smart has received much in the U.S. In its April 2008 Men’s Vogue raised the in a nation where your car is your castle, is the Smart too for a man?

To obtain a Smart required obtaining a reservation #36;99 through a dealer or the internet. The waiting time in 2009 was approximately 12 months, as of July 2009 there was no to obtain a vehicle and dealers them in stock for immediate

On January 25, 2010 smart USA its first lease program in the US for smart fortwo models. The was scheduled to last through 28, 2010, but has been extended despite lack of leasing

Smart USA. has appointed its dealer in Puerto Rico. The said that the new dealer be located at Avenida 65th de Km 5.9, San Juan, Puerto 00929 and is part of the Penske Group. It will also be a of Triangle Automotive Group, an retailer in Puerto Rico. Center Puerto Rico has by far the best selling Smart through its first two months.

Smart offers the hardtop and models of the Fortwo coupé in

The Smart cars were introduced to the country in 2003, and sold in department stores and Liverpool. Later Mercedes dealers started to offer the car although very attractive to the was considered very expensive and was as a toy car only for young people.

Currently Smart cars are offered in the country but with acceptance, with only the model available.

Smart have fierce competition the Hyundai Atos, Pontiac and Chevrolet Chevy, which are with low gas consumption at less half the cost of a Smart Car but more space for passengers.

in Australia

Since 2003 has been for sale in Australia. All models that have produced have been in Australia. The Smart is currently through Mercedes-Benz Dealerships. Smart has become popular young people in urban of Australia, particularly in its largest


Cutaway showing of the SmartSmart vehicles use a very front crumple zone. The new Fortwo has been awarded 4 out of 5 in the Euro NCAP Adult Protection, 2 out of 4 stars in the Pedestrian test but it was not tested for Child Protection as it has no rear seats. The Smart was awarded 3 out of 5 stars for Occupant Protection. In American using a five star Smart cars received a star safety rating for the from a front impact, and a star safety rating for the for a side impact. It also Good ratings (top for front and side crash in Insurance Institute for Highway (IIHS) tests. However, in an 2009 40 mph frontal offset test between a Fortwo and a C class, the IIHS rated the Fortwo Poor, noting Multiple injuries, including to the would be likely for a real-world of a Smart in a similar collision.

The structure of the car is a stiff structure a Tridion Safety Cell, is designed to activate the crumple of a colliding vehicle. This creates a very strong cell around the passengers.

Smart cars have modified by Brabus of Germany, in Brabus production models. companies modify the Smart to use engines, such as the Suzuki 1340 cc inline four-cylinder. cars are known as Smartuki. The powerful models can accelerate 0 to 60 mph (0 to 100 km/h) in less than 3.5

Some companies and individuals the original engine to Brabus but these have been even further by some many aftermarket upgrade available.

car Smart City-Cabrio
car Smart City-Cabrio
car Smart City-Cabrio
car Smart City-Cabrio

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